Thursday, May 19, 2022

Can Hiv Be Transmitted Through Eyes

What Should I Do If I Need To Clean Up Blood

Can HIV transmission occur through contact with ejaculatory fluid? – Dr. Ramakrishna Prasad

HIV does not usually survive long outside of the body, but contact with blood should be avoided.

Hepatitis C can survive in dried blood at room temperature for several weeks, and hepatitis B can survive in dried blood for around a week outside the body.

To clean up blood that has been spilled, wear rubber gloves and mop up the liquid using bleach and warm water . Use warm, soapy water to clean away blood spilled on someones body.

Put the waste, used gloves and bloodied clothes in a plastic bag, seal and throw away.

How Is Hiv Spread Through Blood

You can become infected if you have contact with the blood of someone who has HIV. Blood-borne infection with HIV can occur through:

  • sharing injection equipment when using drugs
  • getting tattoos or body piercings with unsterilized needles
  • accidental needle sticks
  • splashing blood in your eyes

HIV is NOT spread by blood passed through insect bites.

If you inject drugs, the best thing to do is to use new or sterilized injection equipment every time. You can also take a daily medication called pre-exposure prophylaxis to lower your risk of HIV. Learn more about PrEP.

Can You Get Hiv From Semen In Your Eye

HIV transmission from semen in your eye is extremely unlikely. While theoretically its possible to get HIV when a bodily fluid comes into contact with any mucous membranes , medical research has yet to document a single case of HIV transmission involving semen in the eye.

To date, there have only been a couple instances of HIV transmission through the eye. The first case was the result of an occupational exposure in a hospital laboratory where a lab technician managed to get a small droplet of HIV-infected blood into his eye and did not wash with water afterwards. The second instance involved a family caregiver reporting a small blood splash to the eye while providing oral hygiene to a HIV positive patient who was not on treatment.

In both these instances, blood was the source of transmission, which compared to semen is a lot more effective at transmitting HIV. However, these cases are extremely rare. In any case, it is best to rinse your eye immediately should you manage to cop a load in your eye.

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How Do I Prevent The Spread Of Infection To Others

Sometimes it is not possible to know for a few months if you have acquired an infection after an exposure to blood or body fluids. If you have, you can potentially transmit the infection to others. While you are waiting for your test results, follow these steps to help prevent spreading the infection to others:

  • Do not have sex . If you have sex, use a male or female condom every time. For information on preventing STIs, see HealthLinkBC File #08o Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections .
  • Do not donate blood, plasma, organs, breast milk, tissue, or sperm.
  • Do not share toothbrushes, dental floss, razors, or other items that may have blood or body fluids on them.
  • Cover open cuts and scratches until they heal.
  • Carefully throw away anything with blood on it, such as tampons, pads, tissues, dental floss, and bandages. Put sharp items such as used razors or needles into a container and tape shut. Throw away in the garbage do not place in a recycling box.
  • Do not share drug snorting, smoking or injection equipment such as needles and syringes, straws and pipes.

Women who are breastfeeding and have been exposed to blood or body fluids should speak with their health care provider to find out if it is recommended that they continue to breastfeed.

If you become pregnant, see your health care provider or call the Oak Tree Clinic at BC Womens Hospital and Health Centre at 604-875-2212 or toll-free in B.C. at 1-888-711-3030.

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Wash your eyes and face

Im guessing you already did this. But if notclean up! Semenlike other things that dont belong in our eyescan cause irritation. Flush your eyes with some lukewarm water. Take out your contacts carefully, if you wear them, and dont put them back in unless your eyes look and feel normal. Make sure you cleanse the contact lenses with disinfecting solution before you put them back in.

Dont fret about HIV!

The chance youre going to become infected with HIV from semen is really, really low. Theoretically, it is possible for someone to get infected with HIV through mucous membranesincluding their eye. But in reality, it just doesnt happen.

Since the 1990s, possible HIV transmissions through the ocular membrane have been suspected in several occupational exposures such as lab researchers and nurses. However, there isnt a single case of a person getting infected with HIV published in a reputable medical journal because they got semen from an HIV-positive person in their eye.

Do you need sexual health servicessuch as an HIV test, STI testing or treatment? Are you interested in learning more about the HIV-prevention strategy PrEP? Strut provides free sexual health care for gay, bisexual and transgender men who have sex with men in the San Francisco Bay Area. Learn more about Strut.

HIV transmission through the eye what we know from research

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The take-away

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Is There Anything I Can Do To Find Relief

Keep flushing your eye out with over-the-counter eye drops, water, or saline solutions.

You can also apply warm or cool compresses over your eyes to soothe irritation. A soft washcloth dampened with water is perfect.

Taking OTC pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help, too.

Whatever you do, dont rub your eye. Itll only make redness worse.

How Do I Protect Myself And Others

Teach children to never touch used needles, syringes or condoms, and to tell an adult immediately if they find one. It is important to dispose of a used condom, needle or syringe quickly and carefully. Always wear clean disposable gloves or use tongs, pliers or another object to pick up used condoms, needles and syringes. Discard condoms in a plastic bag. Needles and syringes should be placed in a metal or plastic container with a puncture-proof lid and disposed of in the regular garbage or according to local by-laws. Always discard used gloves in a plastic bag and wash your hands carefully with warm water and soap. If the item used to remove the condom, needle or syringe is not disposable it should be disinfected with bleach.

Hand washing is the best way to prevent the spread of germs. Wash your hands carefully with soap and warm water for at least 15 to 20 seconds. Waterless alcohol-based hand rinses can be used as long as hands are not heavily soiled.

Wash your hands before and/or after the following activities:

  • before preparing food and after handling uncooked foods
  • before eating or smoking
  • before and after providing first aid
  • before and after providing care to a person
  • after using the toilet or changing diapers
  • after handling blood or body fluids and
  • after coughing or sneezing.

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Saliva Sweat Tears Urine Or Feces

HIV cannot be spread by sharing drinking glasses or by casual kissing. The risk of spreading the virus through “deep” kissing in which large amounts of saliva are exchanged is extremely low. Only one unproven case has ever been reported.

No cases of HIV spread have ever been reported after a person has come in contact with the sweat, tears, urine, or feces of an HIV-infected person.

How Is Hiv Spread

Is it possible to transmit HIV through saliva?

Many people who are infected with HIV do not know they are infected. This is because the virus can live in your body for years before you develop symptoms. The following are common ways HIV may be spread:

  • Contact with blood or certain body fluids of an infected person
  • Sex with an infected person, especially in men who have sex with men
  • Injecting drugs with needles or other equipment used by an infected person
  • From an infected mother to her baby before or during birth or through breast milk

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How Do You Get Or Transmit Hiv

You can only get HIV by coming into direct contact with certain body fluids from a person with HIV who has a detectable viral load. These fluids are:

  • Blood
  • Semen and pre-seminal fluid
  • Rectal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breast milk

For transmission to occur, the HIV in these fluids must get into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person through a mucous membrane open cuts or sores or by direct injection.

People with HIV who take HIV medicine daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners.

Looking After Your Eyes

Sight problems can affect anyone, whether or not they have HIV. Common problems include short- and long-sightedness. It’s a good idea to go for regular eye tests so that any problems can be identified early.

Many of the lifestyle changes that keep you generally healthy will help maintain the health of your eyes. Exercise, a healthy diet, and not smoking or drinking too much alcohol will all help, as will protecting your eyes from direct sunlight.

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What If The Person Who Ejaculated Has Hiv

Dont panic. Its very, very unlikely that you could contract HIV as a result of semen in your eye.

If it would help put your mind at ease, you could take post-exposure prophylaxis medicine to truly minimize your risk.

PEP is a prescription antiretroviral that helps prevent the virus from multiplying in your body.

The medication must be taken within 72 hours after potential HIV exposure, so talk to a doctor or emergency care provider as soon as possible.

Protecting Everyone Involved In Sport Against Hiv And Hepatitis

âSuper Gonorrhoeaâ: Antibiotic

Consult your sporting organisations infection control policies. Simple and inexpensive procedures can prevent the spread of HIV, hepatitis B and C, including:

  • Remember to cover all pre-existing wounds before starting a game.
  • Wear protective gloves when giving first aid to bleeding players.
  • If someones eyes have been splashed with blood with the eyes open, rinse the area gently but thoroughly with water or normal saline, rinsing away from the nose.
  • If blood gets in your mouth spit it out and rinse your mouth with water several times.
  • Standard practice is to stop play if a player is bleeding and allow them to return to play only after bleeding is controlled and the wound is properly covered.
  • Bandage any wounds that occur, and properly clean any playing surfaces and change any clothes exposed to blood before play restarts.
  • Have your own drink bottle and towel, mouth guard and other personal items, including razors, to reduce the possibility of small amounts of blood-to-blood transmission.
  • If you are concerned about potential infection, contact a doctor or health information line for further advice.

If a player is injured while playing sport:

  • Remember to wear protective gloves when giving first aid to a player who is bleeding.
  • Stop the bleeding from the wound.
  • Dress the wound.
  • Clean up the blood.

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What Else Can I Do To Prevent The Spread Of Hiv

  • Talk to your healthcare provider about PrEP to lower your risk for HIV infection. Preexposure prophylaxis may be given if tests show you are HIV-negative but your risk for infection is high. PrEP is medicine that can be given to adults and adolescents. It must be taken every day. PrEP is not 100% effective. You will still need to take precautions to prevent an infection. Use a latex condom or female condom during sex. Do not share needles if you inject drugs.
  • Take every dose of HAART medicines exactly as directed if you are HIV-positive. This will prevent the virus from mutating and becoming much harder to treat. Consistent use of HAART medicines may help prevent the spread of HIV to a sex partner or an unborn baby.
  • Join a risk reduction program if you are HIV-positive. Ask your healthcare provider or local health department to help you find a risk reduction program. This program will teach you how to tell others that you have HIV and ask sexual partners to use condoms.
  • Treat sexually transmitted infections right away. If you are sexually active, get tested for STIs at least 1 time each year. If you become infected with an STI, treat it right away. This may help reduce the risk that you will give HIV to a sex partner.

How Hiv Infects The Body

HIV infects the immune system, causing progressive damage and eventually making it unable to fight off infections.

The virus attaches itself to immune system cells called CD4 lymphocyte cells, which protect the body against various bacteria, viruses and other germs.

Once attached, it enters the CD4 cells and uses it to make thousands of copies of itself. These copies then leave the CD4 cells, killing them in the process.

This process continues until eventually the number of CD4 cells, also called your CD4 count, drops so low that your immune system stops working.

This process may take up to 10 years, during which time you’ll feel and appear well.

Page last reviewed: 22 April 2021 Next review due: 22 April 2024

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What Is The Risk Of Getting Hiv Hepatitis B Or Hepatitis C

The risk of getting HIV, hepatitis B or C depends on the amount of virus in the blood or body fluid and the type of contact. For example, a piercing through the skin poses a greater risk than a splash on the skin.

The emergency department health care provider will tell you whether your exposure puts you at risk of these infections.

How Do I Get It Out

What it means to have HIV

Follow these tips from the World Health Organization for getting bodily fluids out of your eye:

  • If you wear contacts, leave them in. The contact can protect the affected eye until you rinse it out.
  • Rinse the eye with water or saline solution as soon as possible.
  • You can splash your eye over the sink until you think the semen has been rinsed out, or rinse your eye in the shower.
  • Another option is to sit in a chair, tilt your head back, and have someone gently pour water or saline over your eye.
  • Either way, make sure you pull your eyelid down so you can thoroughly rinse the area.
  • Then, if you wear contacts, remove the contact from the affected eye and cleanse it with saline solution. You can put the contact back in afterward.
  • Note that while your first instinct may be to wash the eye out with soap and water, dont. You dont need soap or other disinfectants to get the semen out, just water or saline.

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    How Could You Get Hiv From Contact With Blood

    The risk of HIV transmission through blood comes when the person has a detectable viral load and their blood enters another persons body or comes into contact with a mucous membrane. These are parts of the body with wet, absorbent skin such as the:

    • eyes
    • inside of the anus
    • mouth.

    Theres also a risk if blood from a person who has a detectable viral load comes into contact with a cut or broken skin, giving HIV a way through the skin and into someones bloodstream. If blood gets onto skin that isnt broken, there is no risk.

    In a medical setting, its possible for HIV to be transmitted by someone accidentally cutting themselves with a blade or needle they have used to treat a person living with HIV.

    This is called a needlestick injury. The risk of being infected in this way is very low. However, if someone thinks they have been exposed to HIV through a needlestick injury, post-exposure prophylaxis may be an option.

    Wash It Out As Soon As Possible

    Your first step should be to gently rinse out your eye, ideally with a saline solution or with some lukewarm tap water. If you are wearing contacts, keep them in while you do the initial rinsing, as they form a protective barrier over your eye.

    Once youve rinsed out your eye, you may take your contacts out and clean them with your usual disinfecting solution. Avoid using soap or any disinfectant in your eye as this will irritate it further.

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    How Is It Treated

    Treatment for HIV-related eye problems depends on the specific vision problem.

    • Medicines can help treat infections
    • Tumors may be treated with radiation or surgery
    • Retina damaged by bleeding and swelling inside the eye may need surgery or laser treatment

    A person with HIV who maintains a healthy immune system by taking antiviral drug treatments as recommended are at lower risk of developing HIV-related eye diseases

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