Thursday, May 19, 2022

Can You Get Hiv From Casual Contact

Is There Any Hiv Risk From A Nude Body

HIV Pathophysiology (2/3) – HIV Life Cycle

If all you had was a massage, with no penetrative intercourse or other high-risk activity, there is absolutely no reason to be concerned about HIV.

Generally, massages involve little or no contact with infectious body fluids. You might come into contact with another person’s semen or vaginal fluids, but you’re unlikely have any contact with blood. It’s worth remembering that saliva, tears, and urine don’t have infectious quantities of HIV.

And it is not enough to simply come into contact with an infected fluid to become infected. Healthy, unbroken skin does not allow HIV to get into the body it is an excellent barrier to HIV infection. HIV can enter only through an open cut or sore, or through contact with the mucous membranes in the anus and rectum, the vagina, the genitals, the mouth, and the eyes.

So if the massage involved penetrative sex without a condom, an infectious body fluid might have contact with mucus membranes in the genital area. But if it was just massage, there’s no way for an infectious body fluid to enter the bloodstream.

How Hiv Cannot Be Spread

From both a biological and epidemiological evidence, HIV cannot and has never been shown to be passed from one person to the next by the following means:

  • Touching, hugging, kissing or shaking hands
  • Touching an object an HIV-positive person has touched
  • Sharing utensils or cups
  • Eating food prepared by an HIV-positive person
  • Sharing grooming items, even toothbrushes or razors
  • Getting spit on by an HIV-positive person
  • Getting bitten by an HIV-positive person
  • Touching semen or vaginal fluid
  • Getting blood from an HIV-positive person on you
  • Using public fountains, toilet seats, or showers

To date, there has not been a single documented case of transmission by any of these means.

How Is Hiv Transmitted

The person-to-person spread of HIV is called HIV transmission. People can get or transmit HIV only through specific activities, such as sex or injection drug use. HIV can be transmitted only in certain body fluids from a person who has HIV:

  • Blood
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breast milk

HIV transmission is only possible if these fluids come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or are directly injected into the bloodstream . Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth.

In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by:

  • Having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV
  • Sharing injection drug equipment , such as needles, with someone who has HIV

HIV can also spread from a woman with HIV to her child during pregnancy, childbirth , or breastfeeding. This is called perinatal transmission of HIV. Perinatal transmission of HIV is also called mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

You cannot get HIV from casual contact with a person who has HIV, such as a handshake, a hug, or a closed-mouth kiss. And you cannot get HIV from contact with objects, such as toilet seats, doorknobs, or dishes used by a person who has HIV.

Use the You Can Safely ShareWith Someone With HIV infographic from HIVinfo to spread this message.

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People Unaware Of Their Positive Status

People who are infected with HIV come from all races, countries, sexual orientations, genders, and income levels. Globally, most of the people who are infected with HIV have not been tested and are unaware that they are living with the virus. The CDC estimates that, in 2006, 21% of those in the United States who had HIV were unaware that they were living with the virus. This is a decline from the 25% measured in 2003 and is a positive sign because research shows that most individuals who know they are infected with HIV will reduce behaviors that could transmit the virus .

It is important to note that the great majority of people with HIV infection do not transmit HIV to others. The CDC estimates that in 2006 there were 5 transmissions per 100 people living with HIV infection. This means that at least 95% of those living with HIV infection did not transmit the virus to others that year. This represents an 89% decline in the estimated rate of transmission since the peak level of new infections in the mid-1980s. It is believed that the decline is due to effective prevention efforts and the availability of improved testing and treatments for HIV .

What Is The Risk Of Contracting Hiv From Blood Transfusions

You Can Safely Share...With Someone With HIV

The risk of contracting HIV from blood transfusions is very low less than one chance in a million.

Every unit of donated blood in Australia is laboratory screened for a wide range of blood-borne infections. These tests have included screening for HIV since March 1985. Screening tests for HIV involve:

  • testing for the presence of HIV antibodies and part of the virus
  • testing for the viruss genetic material this is called a nucleic acid test and is a more sensitive test to detect the presence of the virus itself.

Thanks to the development of NAT, the window period the time between infection and the detection of the virus in the blood has been reduced from around 22 days to 6 days. This method is also used to screen donated blood for hepatitis C virus.People at risk of HIV infection and some other infectious diseases are excluded from donating blood.

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When Someone You Know Has Hiv

When someone in your family tests positive for HIV, you may feel a range of emotions. Among fear, confusion, regret and love for the person afflicted, you may also feel afraid for your own personal well-being and may have questions about just how contagious HIV may be. Rest assured that people with HIV can live at home and maintain a normal social life. Since the virus is not spread by casual household contact, family members, roommates, and visitors are not at risk of becoming infected.

The following information is provided to clarify what should and should not be done in living with someone with HIV. You will see that most of it is just good hygiene practices.

Hand washing is an effective way to prevent the spread of any germs. Wash hands with soap and water before preparing food, before eating, and after using the toilet. This is to protect both the infected and uninfected family members remember that a person living with HIV may have a weak immune system and therefore may be more likely to catch any type of infection from another person. They, too, are vulnerable.

Personal Articles such as toothbrushes, razors and razor blades should not be shared among household members. These may become soiled with blood and could spread germs that may cause many illnesses.

Wash dishes in hot soapy water. No special precautions are necessary. There is no need to wash separately the dishes used by the infected person.

Can I Get Hiv From Casual Contact Or Mosquitoes

No. HIV is a fragile virus and dies within seconds when exposed to light and air. HIV can only be transmitted through direct contact with blood, semen, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid, or breast milk. HIV can NOT be transmitted from hugging, kissing, shaking hands, sharing towels, sharing eating utensils, or using public restrooms.

HIV transmission via mosquitos is not possible because mosquitoes do not ingest enough HIV-infected blood to transmit HIV to another person. Mosquitos also digest HIV. The virus cannot survive inside the insect and it cannot be passed onto the mosquitos next host.

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How Long Does Hiv Live Outside The Body In Blood

HIV in blood from something like a cut or nosebleed can be active for several days, even in dried blood. The amount of virus is small, though, and unable to easily transmit infection.

HIV survival time in fluid outside of the body can increase when a small amount is left in a syringe. After an injection in someone with high levels of HIV, enough blood stays in the syringe to transmit the virus. Since its inside a syringe, the blood isnt as exposed to air as it is on other surfaces.

According to the , when the temperature and other conditions are just right, HIV can live as long as 42 days in a syringe, but this typically involves refrigeration.

HIV lives the longest in a syringe at room temperature, but can still live up to

What Are The Odds Of Getting Hiv From A One

Can HIV transmission occur through contact with ejaculatory fluid? – Dr. Ramakrishna Prasad

Let’s start by scrubbing the “one night stand” bit from the question. In terms of HIV, it’s completely irrelevant whether sex took place as a one-off or in a 10-year relationship, with a sex worker or in a marital bed, with someone you love or with someone you regret ever meeting.

But there is a reasonable question to be asked about the odds of getting HIV during a single sexual act.

To answer it, the most important things to know are:

  • Is the person you’re having sex with living with HIV?
  • If they’re living with HIV, are they on HIV treatment, and is their viral load undetectable?
  • Are you taking pre-exposure prophylaxis ?
  • Did you use a male or female condom?

If the person is living with HIV, their viral load is detectable, you’re not on PrEP, and you didn’t use a condom, then the risk of sex depends on kind of sex we are talking about. Let’s limit this discussion to penetrative vaginal or anal sex.

For vaginal sex or for anal sex as the insertive partner, the odds may be about one in 1,000. For anal sex as the receptive partner , the odds may be about one in 100.

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Tattoos And Body Piercings

  • There are no known cases in the United States of anyone getting HIV this way.
  • However, it is possible to get HIV from tattooing or body piercing if the equipment used for these procedures has someone elses blood in it or if the ink is shared. This is more likely to happen when the person doing the procedure is unlicensed because of the potential for unsanitary practices such as sharing needles or ink.
  • If you get a tattoo or a body piercing, be sure that the person doing the procedure is properly licensed and that they use only new or sterilized needles, ink, and other supplies.

Can I Get An Sti Without Intercourse If We Are Just Fooling Around

Yes, you can get some STI just by intimate skin-to-skin touching or kissing of an infected area.

All kinds of sex, including oral, vaginal and anal intercourse, can transmit infections. They’re also contracted through body fluids like blood, semen, saliva, vaginal secretions and breast milk.

It doesn’t matter whether you’re heterosexual, gay, bisexual, transgender, two-spirit or questioning. STI can be transmitted by anyone.

Drugs and/or alcohol can impair judgement and lead to risky behaviour. When you or your partner are impaired and ‘caught up in the moment’, you may be more likely to have sex without a condom and take other risks that can increase your exposure to STI and unplanned pregnancy.

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Most STI have no obvious symptoms , so you may not know if you or your sexual partner has an infection. That’s why practising safer sex and getting tested regularly is so important.

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How Safe Is The Us Blood Supply

The U.S. blood supply is one of the safest in the world. Infection through blood transfusion and other blood products is rare. Since 1985, the blood supply has been ELISA tested for HIV. According to the CDC, an estimated 1 in 450,000 to 1 in 660,000 donations per year are infectious for HIV but are not detected by current antibody screening tests. In 1995, blood banks also began testing with P24 tests along with ELISA, to detect infection with HIV during this window period. As technology advances, the blood supply will become even safer.

Unfortunately You Wont Know Where You Get This Contact From

Hiv aids

One of the first few things that raised the CILI peeps concern was where on earth did they get this contact from? Thats because the MySejahtera app will only tell you that youre a casual contact without informing you where you got it from.

And so the guessing game begins with some of them suspected that they got it based on the last location theyve been to although they all kena separately. While others werent able to rest well as they wondered about this.

Brain, why

So, we did a lil digging to get a peace of mind find out why this happens. According to the Ministry of Healths , there are two reasons as to why the MySejahtera wouldnt tell you where you get this contact from which are

  • To protect the patients confidentiality.
  • To avoid stigmatisation.

Now, you may be wondering what kinda stigmatisation is the MOH talking about? Wouldnt it be better if people know which place to avoid??

Just in case you missed it, former Covid-19 patients and business premises have reported facing several stigmatisation such as being refused services like from hairdressers. Health Director-General, Dr Noor Hisham even mentioned that some people would avoid going to areas that are identified with Covid-19 cases.

But the point we want to avoid is the stigmatisation. Once you know the place has a case, you would not want to go to that school, condo or mall because of the fear. Noor Hisham, as quoted by Malay Mail.

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How Long Does It Take For Hiv To Cause Aids

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , prior to 1996, scientists estimated that about half the people with HIV would develop AIDS within 10 years after becoming infected. This time varied greatly from person to person and depended on many factors, including a persons health status and their health-related behaviors.

Since 1996, the introduction of powerful anti-retroviral therapies has dramatically changed the progression time between HIV infection and the development of AIDS. There are also other medical treatments that can prevent or cure some of the illnesses associated with AIDS, though the treatments do not cure AIDS itself. Because of these advances in drug therapies and other medical treatments, estimates of how many people will develop AIDS and how soon are being recalculated, revised, or are currently under study.

How Do I Tell My Partner I Have An Sti

If you have an STI, it’s important that your sexual partner be tested as well to make sure the infection doesn’t spread further. There are many ways to tell your partner that they need to get tested for STI.

There are programs and tools to help you tell your partner anonymously that they need to get tested.

Contact your local public health department for more information.

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How To Use A Dental Dam

Dental dams are latex or polyurethane sheets that are used as a barrier between the mouth and vagina, penis, or anus during oral sex. They’re rectangles of about 10 inches by 6 inches and are available online and at some health clinics, specialty sex shops and drug stores without a prescription. You can also easily make a homemade dental dam.

1. Open carefully

Unfold the dam and check for holes or damage that could make it less effective.

2. Placement of the dental dam

Put the dam flat across the vaginal or anal area before any oral contact. One partner needs to hold it in place.

3. Afterwards

Fold the dam up and throw it in the garbage, and don’t reuse it.

Lubricants

A water-based personal lubricant may be used directly on vaginal or anal areas before putting the dam in place and can help hold the dam in place.

DIY

You can make a dental dam from an unlubricated condom by rolling it out, cutting off the top and the ring, and then cutting along the length to create a rectangle.

Get Tested And Get Help

How is HIV Transmitted? Episode 2

There is no cure for HIV, but there are effective treatments that can increase life expectancy. Early diagnosis and treatment of the virus is important to achieve the best possible outcomes. Get tested for HIV, especially if you engage in high-risk behavior. AIDS.gov provides a listing of many government resources for those living with HIV, including locations for testing. The CDC provides similar resources at gettested.cdc.gov or 800-CDC-INFO .

REFERENCES:

  • AIDS.gov: âTesting Sites & Care Services.â
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: âGet Tested: National HIV, STD, and Hepatitis Testing,” âHIV/AIDS,ââNational Vital Statistics Reports â Deaths: Final Data for 2014.â
  • Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine: âOrigins of HIV and the AIDS Pandemic.â
  • HIV.gov: âFast Facts.â

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Pubic Lice And Scabies

What is it?

Pubic lice are also known as “crabs” because the lice resemble tiny crabs. They’re usually found around the genitals in the pubic hair. You can get pubic lice from having close contact with someone who has it. Lice can be clear to darker brown in colour. They live by feeding on human blood and lay their eggs at the base of the pubic hair. Their eggs are called nits and can stay alive for up to 10 days.

Scabies are tiny bugs or mites that burrow below the surface of the skin and lay eggs. They’re not visible to the naked eye.

How do you get it?

Pubic lice and scabies are passed on from one person to another through sexual and non-sexual contact. An example of non-sexual contact is sharing towels or sheets with a person who has pubic lice or scabies. Pubic lice and scabies can live on objects such as clothing, towels, bedding and mattresses for 1 to 2 days if they fall off their host.

How can you tell if you have it?

If you have pubic lice or scabies, you will feel itchy and may have a rash. For pubic lice, you might see tiny light brown insects or oval, whitish eggs on the hair. Bites can cause a rash or small bluish spots on your skin. For scabies, itching occurs mainly at night and a rash may appear between your fingers, on your wrists, abdomen, ankles, on the bend of your elbows or around your genitals.

How do you get tested?

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How is it treated?

Because lice and scabies can live on clothing, towels, bedding and mattresses, you need to:

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