What Happens If Herpes Is Not Treated
Herpes can be painful, but it generally does not cause serious health problems like other STDs can.
Without treatment, you might continue to have regular outbreaks, or they could only happen rarely. Some people naturally stop getting outbreaks after a while. Herpes typically does not get worse over time.
What Is The Connection Between Hiv And Hbv
Both HIV and HBV spread from person to person in semen, blood, or other body fluids. For this reason, the main risk factors for HIV and HBV are the same: having sex without a condom and injection drug use.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , approximately 10% of people with HIV in the United States also have HBV. Infection with both HIV and HBV is called HIV/HBV coinfection.
Chronic HBV advances faster to cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and liver cancer in people with HIV/HBV coinfection than in people with only HBV infection. But chronic HBV does not appear to cause HIV to advance faster in people with HIV/HBV coinfection.
How Do You Avoid Getting Or Passing On Genital Herpes
If either you or your partner has a herpes outbreak , its best to wait until the symptoms have cleared up before having sex.
Herpes can also be transmitted by sharing sex toys. To reduce your risk, either avoid sharing your sex toys or make sure that they are washed and covered with a new condom between each use.
Use a new dental dam or latex gloves for rimming and fingering or use latex gloves for fisting, especially if you get herpes on your hands.
Talking about your sexual health with your partners, and letting each other know about any infections that you have, can help you make decisions about safer sex together. Reducing your number of sexual partners can help you reduce your risk of getting sexually transmitted infections, like genital herpes. If you are having sex with multiple partners, its even more important to use condoms and to have regular STI checks.
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Genital Herpes And Hiv Treatment Issues
It’s more difficult to treat genital herpes if you also have HIV. Higher doses of antiviral drugs are often needed to treat herpes in people with HIV. Also, many people with HIV have strains of the herpes virus that are resistant to treatment with the standard antiviral drugs.
If you take antiviral drugs for genital herpes and the treatment isn’t working, your doctor can test the virus you have for resistance. If the virus is resistant, there are other possible treatment alternatives, including the drugs Foscarnet and cidofovir.
If you have HIV, ask your doctor if you should be tested for genital herpes. If you already know that you have herpes and HIV, discuss treatment options with your doctor.
How Are Herpes And Hpv Treated
There is no cure for herpes or HPV, although medications and medical procedures can help manage the symptoms. The bodys natural immunity often fights off the HPV virus all on its own. However, herpes is a bit more stubborn and stays in the body forever.
People with genital warts from HPV may be prescribed topical solutions, such as podofilox, sinecatechins, or imiquimod cream. These creams remove visible warts for an improved appearance. Warts may also be removed using cryotherapy or laser treatments.
Antiviral medications can reduce the risk of herpes outbreaks and the severity of symptoms. Some of the most common medications prescribed for herpes include acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir. If youve been previously diagnosed with herpes, Nurx can prescribe genital herpes treatment online and deliver the medication to your door with free shipping. To request herpes treatment from Nurx, get started here. Over-the-counter pain relievers, including paracetamol, Epsom salt baths, and ice packs applied to lesions may also help.
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Why Genital Herpes Comes Back
Genital herpes is caused by a virus called herpes simplex. Once you have the virus, it stays in your body.
It will not spread in your body to cause blisters elsewhere. It stays in a nearby nerve and causes blisters in the same area.
If you can, avoid things that trigger your symptoms.
Triggers can include:
- surgery on your genital area
- a weakened immune system for example, from having chemotherapy for cancer
What You Need To Know About The Links Between Hiv And Stds
Many people think that STDs are a harmless “fact of life.” Since most STDs can be cured, people think, “Doctors give you medicine and that’s the end of it, right?” Well, not quite! Having an STD can increase your chances of getting HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
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Who Might Get Genital Herpes
Genital herpes affects sexually active teens and adults of all genders and races. It can spread if you have multiple sexual partners and dont use condoms, including dental dams.
Women are more at risk. Delicate vaginal tissue can tear, making it easier for the infection to get in. Black women are especially vulnerable. An estimated 1 in 2 Black women between the ages of 14 and 49 is infected with HSV-2, the virus that causes genital herpes.
Hsv Infection And Symptoms
HSV-1 is usually acquired during childhood and had been traditionally associated with oral herpes, while HSV-2 is sexually transmitted and primarily affects the anogenital region between the anus and genitals. However, in recent decades, genital infections with HSV-1 have become common, likely due to oral-genital sex practices. In fact, studies now indicate that anywhere from 32% to 47% of genital herpes is caused by HSV-1.
Most individuals infected with HSV have either no symptoms or mild symptoms that go unnoticed. When symptoms do appear, they initially present with tingling and/or redness, followed by blister-like lesions that rapidly merge into open, weeping sores. The sores are often quite painful and can be accompanied by a fever and swollen lymph glands.
Oral herpes generally presents around the mouth and sometimes on the mucosal tissue of the gums. Genital herpes is most commonly noted on the penis, inner thigh, buttocks, and anus of males, while lesions mostly appear on the clitoris, pubis, vulva, buttocks, and anus of females.
Both oral and genital herpes cycle between periods of active disease, which can last from two days to three weeks, followed by a period of remission. After the initial infection, the viruses attach themselves to sensory nerve cells, where they remain for a lifetime. HSV can reactivate at any time , although the frequency and severity of outbreaks tend to subside over time.
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Treatment And Prevention Of Herpes
There is currently no cure for either HSV-1 or HSV-2.
Antiviral drugs may be used to treat HSV, often requiring higher doses for people with HIV. The drugs may be administered intermittently or as on-going, suppressive therapy for those with more frequent outbreaks.
The three antivirals predominantly used to treat HSV are Zovirax , Valtrex , and Famvir . These are administered in oral pill form, although severe cases may be treated with intravenous acyclovir. Most drug side effects are considered mild, with a headache, diarrhea, nausea, and body aches being among the most commonly noted.
Suppressive HSV therapy may reduce the risk of HSV transmission by some 50%, particularly with consistent condom use. While suppressive therapy has not been shown to reduce the risk of HIV, one study showed that the daily use of oral acyclovir is associated with a lower HIV viral load and a lower appearance of genital ulcers.
In order to reduce the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV if you have HSV:
- Use condoms during vaginal, anal and oral sex.
- Reduce your number of sex partners.
- Abstain from sex during herpes outbreaks.
- Get tested regularly for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
Be Aware Of The Symptoms
Here are some common symptoms of HSV-2 or HSV-1.
- You feel a burning sensation in your pee.
- Difficulty peeing
- You feel itching around the affected area.
- Pain in the genitals
- Pain around or in the mouth
- Swollen glands
- Tiredness or achy sensation
- The obvious blisters, sores, or outbreaks
HSV-1 and HSV-2 can both be asymptomatic. This means that they may not show any symptoms.
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Why You Should Go To A Sexual Health Clinic
You can see a GP, but they’ll probably refer you to a sexual health clinic if they think you might have genital herpes.
Sexual health clinics treat problems with the genitals and urine system.
Many sexual health clinics offer a walk-in service, where you do not need an appointment.
They’ll often get test results quicker than GP practices and you do not have to pay a prescription fee for treatment.
How Do I Get Tested
Thats simple. If you are experiencing symptoms, speak to your doctor or visit your local sexual health centre to test for herpes. The doctor will need to do a swab of the blisters or sores and usually offer a complete STI screen. If your test returns a positive diagnosis it is important to seek treatment immediately.
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How Is Genital Herpes Diagnosed
In addition to a physical exam, your healthcare provider will take a fluid sample from the blisters to test for the herpes virus. If your blisters have healed or you dont have blisters, a blood test can check for HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibody, a marker showing youve been exposed to the virus.
The blood test doesnt show an active infection . But, it informs your provider that youve been exposed to the herpes virus in the past. If this is your first infection, you likely wont test positive for herpes because there hasnt been enough time for your body to develop antibodies. The HSV-1and HSV-2 antibody test may be repeated in eight to 12 weeks.
How Can You Protect Yourself From Hiv And Stds
- Avoid or put off having sex. If you do have sex, use a male latex or female condom every time.
- Latex male condoms and female condoms, when used the right way every time, are very effective in preventing HIV and many other STDs. Condoms may prevent the spread of other STDs like HPV or genital herpes, only when the condom covers the infected areas or sores.
- Talk with your partner about HIV and STDs.
- Don’t share drug “works”
- Get STD and HIV counseling and testing.
To find out if you might have an STD, visit your doctor or clinic as soon as you can.
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Can You Get An Sti From Fingering
Fingering, or digital stimulation, can transmit STIs in the same way that handjobs can.
Vaginal discharge and lubrication can carry the same STIs as semen, such as HIV, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Similar to giving a handjob, a person who fingers a vagina or anus can contract an STI if they then touch their own genitals or mouth.
In addition, if there are open wounds in the vagina or anus, and the fingers, it is possible to transmit blood-borne STIs, such as HIV and hepatitis B. The same is true for STIs that spread mainly through skin-to-skin contact, including genital herpes.
However, fingering is one of the lower-risk sexual activities. While there is an increased chance of transmitting STIs if there is broken skin in the vagina or anus and on the fingers, it is not common.
While it is possible to get any STI from manual stimulation, there are some infections that people are more likely to transmit than others this way.
How Do I Know If I Have Genital Herpes
Most people who have genital herpes have no symptoms, or have very mild symptoms. You may not notice mild symptoms or you may mistake them for another skin condition, such as a pimple or ingrown hair. Because of this, most people who have herpes do not know it.
Herpes sores usually appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take a week or more to heal. These symptoms are sometimes called having an outbreak. The first time someone has an outbreak they may also have flu-like symptoms such as fever, body aches, or swollen glands.
People who experience an initial outbreak of herpes can have repeated outbreaks, especially if they are infected with HSV-2. Repeat outbreaks are usually shorter and less severe than the first outbreak. Although the infection stays in the body for the rest of your life, the number of outbreaks may decrease over time.
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD. STD symptoms can include an unusual sore, a smelly genital discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.
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How Does Genital Herpes Spread
The herpes virus that causes genital herpes spreads through saliva, semen and vaginal secretions. Its possible to get genital herpes from someone who doesnt have visible symptoms. You can have the infection, not know it and infect someone else.
Genital herpes can spread through:
- Intercourse, including anal, vaginal-penile and vaginal-vaginal.
- Oral sex with someone whos infected.
- Skin-to-skin contact without ejaculation.
- Touching open sores, including while breastfeeding.
- Childbirth by a mother or gestational parent who has an active infection.
You cant get genital herpes from objects like toilet seats. But you could pass genital herpes through shared sex toys.
Related Questions Answered On Yanswers
- Are cold sores dangerous?
- Q: Are cold sores dangerous?I mean it says it in the name. Its herpes labialis.Im not sure if I had it before but If I did should I be worried?I mean IT IS HERPES were talking about!!Chicken pox is fantasied in children programing and that is a form of herpes, so it wouldnt be that bad. But then again, ITS FREAKING HERPES!! From what Im told at school, this thing is the worst!Its in the same pile as AIDs and HIV. This is depressing.Please tell me I have it all wrong about this.How do you tell you have it? Is there a blood test to determine this?I had something that looked like a cold sore years ago. It had been 6 years since I had that incident reoccur.
- A: its not dangerous BUT you shouldnt pick it, kiss anyone or share drinks they are contagious. They will spread. Tale L-lysine 6,000mg twice per day and a lot of water and it will go away within about 4 days. Yes I know thats a lot of pills but they wonl to stop cold sores if taken in large doses. Also slather blinstex OINTMENT on it and let it dry out. drink a lot of water and keep hydrated. DO NOT pick at it, squeeze it and wash your hands after touching it.
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Treatment If The Blisters Come Back
Go to a GP or sexual health clinic if you have been diagnosed with genital herpes and need treatment for an outbreak.
Antiviral medicine may help shorten an outbreak by 1 or 2 days if you start taking it as soon as symptoms appear.
But outbreaks usually settle by themselves, so you may not need treatment.
Recurrent outbreaks are usually milder than the first episode of genital herpes.
Over time, outbreaks tend to happen less often and be less severe. Some people never have outbreaks.
Some people who have more than 6 outbreaks in a year may benefit from taking antiviral medicine for 6 to 12 months.
If you still have outbreaks of genital herpes during this time, you may be referred to a specialist.
How Do You Get Hiv/aids
HIV is carried in semen , vaginal fluids, blood, and breast milk. The virus gets in your body through cuts or sores in your skin, and through mucous membranes . You can get HIV from:
- having vaginal or anal sex
- sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc.
- getting stuck with a needle that has HIV-infected blood on it
- getting HIV-infected blood, semen , or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your body
In the U.S., HIV is usually spread through having unprotected sex. Using condoms and/or dental dams every time you have sex and not sharing needles can help protect you and your partners from HIV.
HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medicine to greatly reduce the chance that her baby will get HIV.
HIV isnt spread through saliva , so you CANT get HIV from kissing, sharing food or drinks, or using the same fork or spoon. HIV is also not spread through hugging, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing. And you cant get HIV from a toilet seat.
A long time ago, some people got HIV from infected blood transfusions. But now, giving or getting blood in medical centers is totally safe. Doctors, hospitals, and blood donation centers dont use needles more than once, and donated blood is tested for HIV and other infections.
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Protecting Against Genital Herpes
You can reduce the chances of passing herpes on by:
- using a condom every time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex but herpes can still be passed on if the condom does not cover the infected area
- avoiding vaginal, anal or oral sex if you or your partner has blisters or sores, or a tingle or itch that means an outbreak is coming
- not sharing sex toys if you do, wash them and put a condom on them