How The Test Is Performed
The test requires the user to swab their gums to collect an oral fluid sample and use the materials in the kit to test the sample. The user must follow the test manufacturer’s instructions, which comes with the kit, to ensure an accurate test. A phone number is also included with the HIV self-test for anyone to call to get help with conducting the test. OraQuick’s website also has a step-by-step video to guide users through the test.
Users should not eat, drink, or use oral care products before starting the test. They should put the test stick they swabbed their gums with into the test tube provided by the kit. Wait 20 minutes, and one line will appear on the test stick if you are negative. If two lines appear, that means HIV antibodies have been detected.
Its important to take a follow-up test at a medical office to confirm the results.
OraQuick is an antibody test, and it takes 23 to 90 days after an exposure for antibody tests to detect HIV.
The expected performance of the test is 92% test sensitivity, according to the OraQuick package. The FDA explains that this equates to one false-negative result out of every 12 test results in people who are HIV-positive. Clinical studies have found that OraQuick produces one false-positive out of every 5,000 tests. This is why its important to take another test at a medical office to confirm the diagnosis.
Autoimmune diseases like lupus may interfere with the results, and may incorrectly produce a false-positive.
How Often Should I Get Tested For Stis
Breneman recommends getting tested once a year as a baseline for sexually active peeps. If you have more than one partner, share needles, dont always use a condom, arent monogamous, or have reason to believe your partner isnt monogamous, its a good idea to get tested every 3 to 6 months.
But keep in mind that if youre ever experiencing symptoms, you should get tested right away. The sooner you get tested, the sooner you can start treatment.
About Rapid Hiv Testing Top Of Page
There are four rapid HIV tests approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Two of these assays are designed to be POC tests, in both medical and non-medical settings. They can also be performed in separate laboratories after a specimen has been obtained.
Figure 1. Performing an OraQuick Rapid Advance Antibody Test
A sample OraQuick Rapid Advance antibody test is shown here . To collect a specimen for the test, either touch the collection loop to a fingerstick blood droplet or use standard phlebotomy collection procedures for whole blood with the following test tubes: EDTA, Sodium Heparin, Sodium Citrate, or ACD Solution and dip the collection loop into the test tube . Five microliters of whole blood should adhere to and fill a single collection loop . Insert the loop and stir the specimen in the vial of developer solution . The OraQuick device is inserted into the developer vial where it remains until the results are read . Test results must be read no sooner than 20 minutes but no later than 40 minutes after the device is added to the developer solution .
Source:Orasure, Inc. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Any medical office, clinic, or organization that performs a rapid HIV test to provide results to patients is considered to be a laboratory under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 . As a result, all laboratories must comply with the regulations of the CLIA Program and with any applicable state requirements.
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Can I Trust At
In general, you can expect an in-office test or a home-to-lab test to be more accurate than a self-collected test. But a 2015 review that looked at the accuracy of self-collected versus physician-collected chlamydia and gonorrhea tests concluded that self-collected tests are a good alternative for those who dont have the option of clinical testing or dont want to undergo clinical examination.
Keep in mind that false negatives and false positives can occur with any STI test. Make sure youre following the at-home specimen collection instructions carefully to ensure you get an adequate sample and avoid potential contamination.
What Advantages Can You Get In Std Express Clinic Over Other Regular Clinics
For both gonorrhea and chlamydia testing, going to STD Express Clinic may be the best course of action. STD Express Clinic makes it easy to get yourself tested for a variety of sexually transmitted diseases without having to make an appointment in advance.
STD Express Clinic understands the social stigma STDs can place on people, and so we value patient privacy. The clinic follows HIPAA-compliant rules in place for protecting your health information.
STD Express Clinic is open on weekends as well, convenient for those with long working hours. The tests are affordable, effective, and are approved by the FDA. Finally, understanding that positive tests can create a lot of questions, doctor is available during extended clinic hours for any kind of assistance you may need.
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Where Can People Find More Information About Hiv Testing
There are several resources for people interested about the facts of HIV testing.
- The national HIV, STD, and hepatitis testing site Get Tested helps visitors find free, fast, and confidential testing.
The CDC web site is also an excellent source of information: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/testing.html.
How Is Hiv Spread From Person To Person
HIV can only be spread through specific activities. In the United States, the most common ways are:
- Having vaginal or anal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV. Anal sex is riskier than vaginal sex.
- Sharing injection drug equipment , such as needles, with someone who has HIV.
Less common ways are:
- From mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, the use of HIV medicines and other strategies have helped lower the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to 1% or less in the United States.
- Getting stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle or other sharp object. This is a risk mainly for health care workers. The risk is very low.
HIV is spread only in extremely rare cases by:
- Having oral sex. But in general, the chance that an HIV-negative person will get HIV from oral sex with an HIV-positive partner is extremely low.
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Does Hiv Viral Load Affect Getting Or Transmitting Hiv
Yes. Viral load is the amount of HIV in the blood of someone who has HIV. Taking HIV medicine daily as prescribed can make the viral load very lowso low that a test cant detect it .
People with HIV who take HIV medicine daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex.
HIV medicine is a powerful tool for preventing sexual transmission of HIV. But it works only as long as the HIV-positive partner gets and keeps an undetectable viral load. Not everyone taking HIV medicine has an undetectable viral load. To stay undetectable, people with HIV must take HIV medicine every day as prescribed and visit their healthcare provider regularly to get a viral load test. Learn more.
How Do I Know If I Have Hiv
The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. You cant tell if you have HIV just by the way you feel, because most people who get HIV dont have any symptoms for years.
Testing is a good idea if youve had unprotected sex or if your partner tests positive for HIV. You should also get tested if youve shared needles with anybody . If youre pregnant, get tested for HIV at your first prenatal visit.
Luckily, HIV testing is pretty easy and painless. The best part about getting tested for HIV? Once you get it over with, it can really put your mind at ease. And if you DO have HIV, its best to find out right away so you can take medicines to help you stay healthy and lower your chances of spreading HIV to others.
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How Can You Protect Yourself From Hiv And Stds
- Avoid or put off having sex. If you do have sex, use a male latex or female condom every time.
- Latex male condoms and female condoms, when used the right way every time, are very effective in preventing HIV and many other STDs. Condoms may prevent the spread of other STDs like HPV or genital herpes, only when the condom covers the infected areas or sores.
- Talk with your partner about HIV and STDs.
- Don’t share drug “works”
- Get STD and HIV counseling and testing.
To find out if you might have an STD, visit your doctor or clinic as soon as you can.
Does Kissing Come Under Oral Sex
Sexual intercourse involving the oral cavity is called oral sex. Oral sex involves tongue, lips, teeth, and breathe estimated at the genitals. The female genital or male genital put into the mouth cavity is what exactly is oral sex. It is the definition of ultimate love between two persons.
A male genital which is called the penis when penetrated the mouth cavity generates a certain kind of sex quality. Oral sex to the male genital involves sucking. Fellatio is oral sex performed on the penis.
A female genital which is the vagina when put in front of the manual face, would either insert his nose or kiss her vaginal lips with his lips or penetrate his tongue into the vaginal cavity. The sexual stimulation in a female genital by the oral sex generally involves licking. Cunnilingus is oral sex performed on the vulva or vagina.
As lips are the opening source to the oral cavity which makes the oral sex come dependent on lips first, there could be chances of sexually transmitted diseases with kissing related to oral sex.
Kissing is the first most action during oral sex.
Oral sex could pose a risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections . The people infected with STDs are better suggested not to go attempt oral sex for it could go worst to bleeding and severe damages to the genitals.
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What Puts You At Risk For Stds And Hiv
You’re at risk if you:
- Have sex without using a condom, with someone who is infected.
- Have had an STD.
- Have more than one sex partner.
- Are under the influence of drugs and alcohol.
- Many women have STDs without having symptoms. This means that unless she gets tested, she may have an STD and not know it.
- Young women are getting HIV or an STD because the tissue lining the vagina is more fragile.
If you are a woman, take charge of your sexual health. Be sure to schedule pelvic exams and pap smears every year. Get tested and learn how to protect yourself from STDs and HIV.
How Does The Test Work
Better2Knows instant HIV test uses your blood sample to detect the p24 antigen and the HIV 1 and HIV 2 antibodies. If either of these are found by the test, it will show a reactive result.
If your test is negative for either the p24 antigen or HIV antibodies there will only be one line, in the control section of the test strip.
If you are reactive for the p24 antigen or HIV I/II antibodies, there will be two lines. A red line will appear in the relevant sections on the test strip, as well as the control line. We will then do confirmatory testing at our CPA accredited laboratory at no further cost to you.
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Hiv Testing Outside Of A Health Care Setting Or Lab
If you are tested outside of a health care setting or lab you will likely receive a rapid HIV test
- If the test comes back negative, and you havent had a possible exposure during the previous 3 months, you can be confident you dont have HIV.
- If your test result is positive, you should go to a health care provider to get follow-up testing. Counselors providing the test should be able to answer questions and provide referrals for follow-up testing as well. You can use the HIV.gov locator to find a provider near you.
Hiv Tests For Screening And Diagnosis
HIV tests are very accurate, but no test can detect the virus immediately after infection. How soon a test can detect HIV depends upon different factors, including the type of test being used. There are three types of HIV diagnostic tests: nucleic acid tests , antigen/antibody tests, and antibody tests.
An initial HIV test usually will either be an antigen/antibody test or an antibody test. If the initial HIV test is a rapid test or a self-test and it is positive, the individual should go to a health care provider to get follow-up testing. If the initial HIV test is a laboratory test and it is positive, the laboratory will usually conduct follow-up testing on the same blood sample as the initial test. Although HIV tests are generally very accurate, follow-up testing allows the health care provider to be sure the diagnosis is right.
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How An Hiv Test Works
An HIV test is a blood test. It does not detect HIV itself, but looks for a protein found in an HIV cell, or an antibody made by the body to fight HIV.
HIV tests in the UK are very reliable. They can occasionally produce a positive result which is then found to be negative when tested again. This is called a false positive and is rare, occurring in less than 1 in 1000 cases.
What Are The Benefits Of Home Hiv Tests
HIV is much easier to manage and treat if its identified early and treatment is started as soon as possible.
Home HIV tests allow people to receive results almost immediately sometimes within minutes without having to wait for an appointment with a healthcare professional or take time out of their schedule to visit a lab.
Early identification is essential for successful long-term treatment and survival with HIV.
Home tests empower people to learn whether they have the virus earlier than any other testing methods. This can help them limit the virus effect on them and on others around them.
Early identification can even protect people they do not know, as their sexual partners could potentially contract HIV and then transmit it to others.
Early treatment can suppress the virus to undetectable levels, which makes HIV untransmittable. The CDC considers any viral load of
During the early stages, which is known as primary infection or acute HIV infection, it can be much easier for a person to transmit HIV to others because levels of virus in the blood are very high.
A person should consider taking an HIV test if they experience these symptoms after the following activities:
- having sex without a condom or another barrier method
- injecting drugs
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Will My Partner Have The Same Results As Me
Dont assume that if you are positive, or negative, your partner will have the same result. It may be that your partner has a different test result to you. This is why its a good idea to encourage your partner to get tested too, whether your results are positive or negative. If youre worried about telling your partner that you are positive or asking them to take a test, speak to your healthcare advisor. They can often help you with ways to do this.
Symptoms Of Hiv Infection
Some people may not develop any symptoms after contracting HIV and could remain undiagnosed until the symptoms of AIDS appear. This could be up to 10 years later.
However, 50% or more of people living with HIV may develop mild flu-like symptoms within 2 to 4 weeks. Early symptoms may include:
- muscle aches
- swollen glands
The symptoms of HIV infection may last from a few days to weeks. They may go away on their own.
Misdiagnosis of early HIV infection is common. If you think you have HIV, speak with your health care provider about being tested.
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How Do The Tests Work
Most HIV tests use a blood sample, either from a blood draw or finger prick. Others use saliva , but this is a little less accurate than blood tests.
Some HIV tests look for the virus itself. But most look for the antibodies for HIV. Antibodies are part of the immune system and fight infections. When someone is infected with HIV, the body creates antibodies to fight HIV.
Testing results may be available that day or can take longer come back.
What Happens After An Hiv Test And Getting The Results
- If your result is negative, you can stop worrying but its good to keep testing regularly.
- If your result is positive or , you will need to give a blood sample to have your results confirmed.
- Remember that HIV is now a manageable illness if you do test positive you can start treatment which will keep you healthy.
is often the hardest step to take, but it is usually not as bad as you imagine.
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Are Home Hiv Tests Accurate
Home tests are an accurate way to test for HIV. However, they may take longer to detect the virus after exposure than tests performed at a doctors office.
HIV antibody levels in saliva are lower than HIV antibody levels in the blood.
The at-home test is an antibody-only test. It does not test for HIV antigen, which is typically included in a fourth-generation HIV test done at a hospital or doctors office. Tests for HIV antibody and antigen can detect infection sooner.
Simply stated, the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test may not detect HIV as quickly as a blood test would.