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Can You Spread Hiv Through Kissing

What We Know About Hormone And Steroid Injecting

Is it possible to transmit HIV through saliva?

Hormone and steroid injections can be done safely by a health care provider. But theres a chance that someone can get or transmit HIV if an HIV-negative person uses needles, syringes, or other injection equipment after someone with HIV has used them. This is because the needles, syringes, or other injection equipment may have blood in them, and blood can carry HIV. Likewise, youre at risk for getting or transmitting hepatitis B and C if you share syringes because these infections are also transmitted through blood.

More Information About 1 out of every 10 HIV diagnoses in the United States is among people who inject drugs. This includes gay and bisexual men who inject drugs. On average, an HIV-negative person has a 1 in 420 chance of getting HIV from a needlestick if the needle or syringe contains HIV-infected blood.

More Information There may be extremely tiny amounts of blood in syringes or works that you may not be able to see, but could still carry HIV. Be aware that HIV can survive in a used syringe for up to 42 days depending on temperature and other factors.

There are medicines to treat hepatitis B. If youve never had hepatitis B, theres a vaccine to prevent it. There are medicines to treat hepatitis C, but they arent right for everyone. Theres no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C. Talk to your health care provider to learn more about hepatitis B and C.

How Could You Get Hiv From Contact With Blood

The risk of HIV transmission through blood comes when the person has a detectable viral load and their blood enters another persons body or comes into contact with a mucous membrane. These are parts of the body with wet, absorbent skin such as the:

  • eyes
  • inside of the anus
  • mouth.

Theres also a risk if blood from a person who has a detectable viral load comes into contact with a cut or broken skin, giving HIV a way through the skin and into someones bloodstream. If blood gets onto skin that isnt broken, there is no risk.

In a medical setting, its possible for HIV to be transmitted by someone accidentally cutting themselves with a blade or needle they have used to treat a person living with HIV.

This is called a needlestick injury. The risk of being infected in this way is very low. However, if someone thinks they have been exposed to HIV through a needlestick injury, post-exposure prophylaxis may be an option.

Can I Transmit Hiv To My Baby During Pregnancy Or Breastfeeding

An HIV-infected pregnant woman can pass the virus on to her unborn baby either before or during birth. HIV can also be passed on during breastfeeding. If a woman knows that she is infected with HIV, there are drugs she can take to greatly reduce the chances of her child becoming infected. Other ways to lower the risk include choosing to have a caesarean section delivery and not breastfeeding.

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What We Know About Vaginal Sex

When a woman has vaginal sex with a partner who has HIV, HIV can enter her body through the mucous membranes that line the vagina and cervix. Most women who get HIV get it from vaginal sex. Even if a womans male partner withdraws or pulls out before ejaculating, she can still get infected because pre-seminal fluid can carry HIV.

More information

On average, an HIV-negative woman has about a 1 in 1,250 chance of getting HIV every time she has vaginal sex with a man who has HIV.

On average, a woman with HIV has about a 1 in 2,500 chance of transmitting HIV every time she has vaginal sex with an HIV-negative man.

For an HIV-negative woman, anal sex is about 17 times more risky than vaginal sex for getting HIV from a partner with HIV.

For a woman with HIV, anal sex is about 3 times more risky than vaginal sex for transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner.

If the partner with HIV takes HIV medicine as prescribed, and gets and keeps an undetectable viral load , their partner has effectively no risk of getting HIV through sex. See how receptive vaginal sex compares to other sexual activities here.

More information

On average, an HIV-negative man has about a 1 in 2,500 chance of getting HIV every time he has vaginal sex with a woman who has HIV.

On average, a man with HIV has about a 1 in 1,250 chance of transmitting HIV every time he has vaginal sex with an HIV-negative woman.

See how insertive vaginal sex compares to other sexual activities here.

More Information

Is It True That Gay Men Are More At Risk For Hiv Than Other People

Transmission

Although anyone can be at risk for HIV, some people can be more at risk depending upon the types of sexual practices and drug use they are engaging in. Being gay does not necessarily mean you are at higher risk, but certain activities gay men sometimes participate in might put them at greater risk. Overall, the gay male population in Canada has higher rates of HIV infection than some other populations. Stigma and homophobia can affect a person’s ability to access information about safer sex specifically for gay men.

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Ways That Hiv Is Not Transmitted

HIV is not transmitted by day-to-day activities or by contact with objects, food or clothes.

The following list includes just a few examples of questions we get from people worried about catching HIV.

Most of these questions come from a combination of fear and ignorance. They come from a lack of confidence in understanding HIV transmission.

You can NOT catch HIV from:

  • Eating any food, cooked or uncooked, with blood on it.
  • From a sterile needle at a clinic or other health centre.
  • From a human bite.
  • From an insect bite including a mosquito bite.
  • From an animal.
  • From living in the same house as someone who is HIV positive.
  • From a sewing needle if you stab your finger.
  • From blood on a bus seat that went through your underwear.
  • Cleaning nail clippers.
  • Using a knife/fork/spoon/cup/plate that an HIV positive person may have used.
  • Getting sexual fluid on skin.
  • Getting sexual fluid on a cut that has already healed over. A cut has to be open to be a risk of HIV.

The above are all real examples sent as questions to i-Base. They show that ignorance about HIV is still common.

Establishing The Conditions For Hiv Transmission

It’s important to always remember that there are four conditions that must be met in order for HIV transmission to take place:

  • There must be body fluids in which HIV can thrive, such as semen, blood, vaginal fluids or breast milk. HIV cannot thrive in the open air or in parts of the body with high acid content or antimicrobial defenses .
  • There must be a route of transmission, such as through certain sexual activities, shared needles, occupational exposure, or transmission from mother to child.
  • There must be a means for the virus to reach vulnerable cells inside your body, either through a rupture or penetration of the skin, absorption through mucosal tissues, or both. HIV cannot penetrate intact skin.
  • There must be sufficient levels of virus in the body fluids, which is why saliva, sweat, and tears are unlikely sources since the level of virus in these fluids is considered insufficient for infection.
  • Based on these conditions, the likelihood of HIV transmission by kissing is not only considered low but pretty much near impossible.

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    Does The Type Of Kiss Matter

    Studies looking into oral HPV transmission focus on deep kissing, aka French kissing.

    Thats because kissing with mouths open and tongues touching exposes you to more skin-to-skin contact than a short peck would.

    Some STIs can definitely spread through kissing, and for some of those, the risk of transmission goes up when the kiss is open-mouthed.

    Stds That Are Not Spread By Kissing

    Lets Stop HIV Together Undetectable PSA

    The National Health Service, UK, points out that common STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhea cant be transmitted through kissing. Instead, these diseases are usually passed on through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex. The risky move of sharing sex toys can also do the trick. Lastly, an expectant mother can pass these STDs on to her baby.1819

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    How To Be Safe When Coming Into Contact With Infected Blood

    A condom will act as a barrier against any contact with blood during sex.

    As well as sex, sharing equipment for injecting drugs is a way blood can get into someones body. This can be avoided by using fresh needles and not sharing needles, syringes and other equipment.

    If a woman has HIV, her menstrual blood also carries a risk of transmission if she has a detectable viral load.

    If youre HIV negative and taking pre-exposure prophylaxis youll be protected against getting HIV if you come into contact with infectious blood.

    Ways Hiv Can Be Transmitted

    How is HIV passed from one person to another?

    Most people who get HIV get it through anal or vaginal sex, or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment . But there are powerful tools that can help prevent HIV transmission.

    Can I get HIV from anal sex?

    You can get HIV if you have anal sex with someone who has HIV without using protection .

    • Anal sex is the riskiest type of sex for getting or transmitting HIV.
    • Being the receptive partner is riskier for getting HIV than being the insertive partner .
    • The bottoms risk of getting HIV is very high because the rectums lining is thin and may allow HIV to enter the body during anal sex.
    • The top is also at risk because HIV can enter the body through the opening at the tip of the penis , the foreskin if the penis isnt circumcised, or small cuts, scratches, or open sores anywhere on the penis.

    Can I get HIV from vaginal sex?

    You can get HIV if you have vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using protection .

    Can HIV be transmitted from a mother to her baby?

    HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, it is less common because of advances in HIV prevention and treatment.

    Can I get HIV from sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment?

    You are at high risk for getting HIV if you with someone who has HIV. Never share needles or other equipment to inject drugs, hormones, steroids, or silicone.

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    Myth: Youre Not Going To Get Hiv From Someone You Trust

    Fact: Just because you have a great, loving relationship with your partner, doesnt mean you cant become infected with HIV. They might not even know they have the virus, as a person can be positive for years without having any symptoms. Besides, are you 100% sure you know all of your partners sexual history, and are you certain that your relationship is completely monogomous?

    Am I At Higher Risk If I Have Sex With A Member Of The Same Sex

    7 Common Misconceptions About HIV

    HIV is transmitted sexually regardless of your sexual preference. Note however, that worldwide there is a higher prevalence of the virus in certain groups because of their sexual practices and therefore having unsafe sex with someone from one of these groups places you at a higher risk of contracting the virus. Men who have sex with men, commercial sex workers, and people who have a sexually transmitted infection are examples of such groups.

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    Read To Know How Tb Is Transmitted And Can You Get Tb From Kissing A Tb Positive Person

    Written by Bhavyajyoti Chilukoti | Updated : June 21, 2017 10:01 AM IST

    I am a 30-year-old woman. I have read somewhere that you should stay away from people suffering from TB. However, I kissed a person suffering from TB. I was not aware that the person has TB. I have heard that it is a contagious disease. Can TB spread by kissing? I am very worried. Please answer my question at the earliest.

    The query is answered by Dr Kirti Sabnis, Infectious Disease Physician, Fortis Hospital, Mulund & Kalyan.

    This is one of the most common queries that people have about TB. Unlike popular belief, TB is not spread through sexual contact and is not a sexually transmitted disease. Also, the TB bacterium is not transmitted by kissing or skin contact. In fact, some people also think that TB can be spread through food and water, but it is not true. Moreover, TB does not spread by touching the surface of objects like toilet seats or even sharing a toothbrush. But if you still have a doubt, visit your doctor and get tested for TB. Here are 9 symptoms of TB you should look out for.

    Do Condoms Stop Hiv Being Passed On

    Yes.Using a condom correctly prevents contact with semen or vaginal secretions , stopping HIV from being passed on. The virus cannot pass through the latex of the condom.

    Condoms should only be used with a water-based lubricant as oil-based lube weakens them.

    People with HIV who are on effective treatment and have an undetectable viral load cannot pass on HIV through any of their body fluids.

    Its also important to remember that if you have sex without a condom other sexually transmitted infections can be passed on.

    Sex without a condom can also result in pregnancy if other contraception is not being used.

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    Isnt Hiv Only A Risk For Certain Groups Of People

    Like most illnesses, HIV doesnt discriminate between types of people and the infection can be passed on to anyone via one of the ways mentioned above.

    Some people are more vulnerable to HIV infection if they engage regularly in certain activities that are more likely to transmit the virus. However, its a common misunderstanding that HIV only affects certain groups.

    While not everyone has the same level of HIV risk, everyone can reduce their risk of infection.

    How Hiv Is Spread

    Can mosquitoes spread HIV infection from infected persons? – Dr. Ramakrishna Prasad

    The most common way that HIV is spread is through sexual intercourse, including oral and anal sex.

    The virus can also be spread through sharing needles, and it can be passed from an infected pregnant woman to her unborn baby.

    But steps can be taken to reduce the likelihood of HIV being passed on to a baby, making transmission in this way rare in the UK.

    For example, the risk of transmission can be reduced by:

    • giving antiretroviral medication to a mother and her newborn baby
    • giving birth by caesarean section
    • not breastfeeding

    You can’t catch HIV from:

    • kissing
    • giving mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
    • being sneezed on by someone with HIV
    • sharing baths, towels or cutlery with someone with HIV
    • swimming in a pool that’s been used by someone with HIV
    • sitting on a toilet seat that someone with HIV has sat on

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    What You Can Do

    Not having sex is a 100% effective way to make sure you dont get or transmit HIV through sex. If youre sexually active, you can lower your risk by choosing sexual activities that carry a lower risk for HIV than anal sex. You can also do other things to reduce your risk, including taking medicine to prevent or treat HIV and using condomsthe right way, every time. Condoms and medicine to prevent or treat HIV are highly effective at preventing HIV if used correctly. But the medicines are much less effective if you dont take them daily as prescribed, and condoms can sometimes break or come off during anal sex. Using a water-based or silicone lubricant can help prevent condoms from breaking or slipping.

    Talking openly and frequently with your partner about sex can help you make decisions that decrease your risk of getting or transmitting HIV. Learn more about how to get the conversation started.

    Conversation Starters

    Certain things about your sex and injection partners can put you at increased risk for getting or transmitting HIV. Explore Estimate the HIV Risk to learn more.

    Explore other resources from CDC:

    What We Know About Injecting Drugs

    The risk for getting or transmitting HIV is very high if an HIV-negative person uses needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment after someone with HIV has used them. This is because the needles, syringes, or other injection equipment may have blood in them, and blood can carry HIV. Likewise, youre at risk for getting or transmitting hepatitis B and C if you share needles, syringes, or other injection equipment because these infections are also transmitted through blood.

    More Information

    In 2017, 6% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States were attributed to injection drug use and 3% were attributed to injection drug use and male-to-male sexual contact . On average, an HIV-negative person has about a 1 in 160 chance of getting HIV every time they share needles, syringes, or other injection equipment with a person who has HIV.

    More Information There may be extremely tiny amounts of blood in syringes or works that you may not be able to see, but could still carry HIV. Be aware that HIV can survive in a used syringe for up to 42 days depending on temperature and other factors.

    There are medicines to treat hepatitis B. If youve never had hepatitis B, theres a vaccine to prevent it. There are medicines to treat hepatitis C, but they arent right for everyone. Theres no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C. Talk to your health care provider to learn more about hepatitis B and C.

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