Can I Take Hiv Medicine During Pregnancy
HIV-infected pregnant women should take HIV medicines. These medicines can lower the risk of passing HIV to a baby and improve the mother’s health.
If you haven’t used any HIV drugs before pregnancy and are in your first trimester, your doctor will help you decide if you should start treatment. Here are some things to consider:
- Nausea and vomiting may make it hard to take the HIV medicine early during pregnancy.
- It is possible the medicine may affect your baby. Your doctor will prescribe medicine that is safe to use during pregnancy.
- HIV is more commonly passed to a baby late in pregnancy or during delivery. HIV can be passed early in pregnancy if your viral load is detectable.
- Studies show treatment works best at preventing HIV in a baby if it is started before pregnancy or as early as possible during pregnancy.
If you are taking HIV drugs and find out you’re pregnant in the first trimester, talk to your doctor about sticking with your current treatment plan. Some things you can talk about with your doctor include:
Get Tested For Hiv As Soon As Possible To Know Your Status
- If you have HIV, the sooner you start treatment the betterfor your health and your babys health and to prevent transmitting HIV to your partner.
- If you dont have HIV, but you or your partner engage in behaviors that put you at risk for HIV, get tested again in your third trimester.
- You should also encourage your partner to get tested for HIV.
In What Circumstances Is Mother
There are complex reasons why children may be at a greater risk of HIV infection in poorer countries. Some may not have very good medical facilities, or it might be hard to offer people good medical care.
Some mothers-to-be dont find out about their HIV while theyre pregnant or breastfeeding. Others might find it hard to cope or have no way of accessing the medical help that they need.
Sometimes its just not possible to prevent HIV being transmitted from a mother to her baby.
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Choosing To Become Pregnant When Hiv+
In these days of highly active antiretroviral therapy , HIV has become a disease that people are living with for decades. Many HIV positive men and women are interested in having children of their own. Although the risks of transmission during pregnancy have not been eliminated, new treatments and technologies have made it much safer for HIV+ couples to have children.
If you are part of a couple where one or both of you is HIV positive, and you are considering having children, it is important to see your healthcare provider for counseling before trying to become pregnant. Your practitioner can help you decide whether trying for a natural pregnancy is right for you. If it is, they can help you reduce the risk of transmission to you, your uninfected partner, and/or your future child. Other options for childbearing may include use of assisted reproductive technologies or adoption, and after counseling, some couples may decide to remain child-free.
- Barreiro P. et al. “Reproductive options for HIV-serodiscordant couples.” AIDS Rev. 8:158-70.
- Basic HIV/AIDS Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control.
- HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children from the Centers for Disease Control.
- One Test. Two Lives. HIV Screening for Prenatal Care from the Centers for Disease Control.
- The Perinatal HIV Fact Sheet from the Centers for Disease Control.
Managing Illness As A Parent
Although medical advances now allow people with HIV to live full, healthy lives, you may have times where you or your partner is unwell or needs medical care.
As with any longer-term illness, this can impact on your ability to earn an income, manage a household or raise children.
Living with chronic illness can be a challenge and sometimes families need extra support. Trying to sort things out on your own can make life seem overwhelming. Dont be afraid to ask for help from expert organisations that support people with HIV.
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If I Take Antiretroviral Drugs During Pregnancy Will That Hurt My Baby
Not very many pregnant women have taken these drugs and the babies born to these women are still very young. To date, children exposed to these drugs during pregnancy havent had major problems. Its still too early to say for sure that there will not be problems. If you have questions about taking HIV drugs during pregnancy, you should call this toll-free number: 1-888-246-5840.
You Cant Get Hiv From Just Any Kind Of Contact
Myths still abound about HIV/AIDS. For example, you cant get HIV from insect bites or stings, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing toilets or dishes, according to the CDC. You also cant get infected from a closed-mouth kiss or contact with an infected persons sweat or tears. You cant get it by simply working or hanging out with someone who has AIDS or is HIV positive, either. HIV transmission from one woman to another woman through sexual contact is also rare, the CDC says.
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How Is Hiv Spread From Person To Person
HIV can only be spread through specific activities. In the United States, the most common ways are:
- Having vaginal or anal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV. Anal sex is riskier than vaginal sex.
- Sharing injection drug equipment , such as needles, with someone who has HIV.
Less common ways are:
- From mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, the use of HIV medicines and other strategies have helped lower the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to 1% or less in the United States.
- Getting stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle or other sharp object. This is a risk mainly for health care workers. The risk is very low.
HIV is spread only in extremely rare cases by:
- Having oral sex. But in general, the chance that an HIV-negative person will get HIV from oral sex with an HIV-positive partner is extremely low.
Is It Safe To Take Hiv Medication In Pregnancy
Some medicines for HIV aren’t suitable to take during pregnancy.
If you have HIV and become pregnant, contact your local HIV clinic.
This is important because:
- some anti-HIV medicines can harm unborn babies, so your treatment plan will need to be reviewed
- additional medicines may be needed to prevent your baby getting HIV
But if you’re taking HIV medication and you become pregnant, do not stop taking your medication without first speaking to your GP.
Always check with your GP or midwife before taking any medicine when you’re pregnant.
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Do I Stay On Hiv Treatment During Pregnancy
Yes. Antiretroviral treatment is recommended for all people living with HIV during pregnancy. Staying on top of your medication lowers the chances of perinatal transmission, which is when a parent passes HIV to their baby through their womb. ART is safe during pregnancy and generally doesnt increase the risk of birth defects. Speak to your health care provider about what HIV medication is right for you during your pregnancy.
How To Become Pregnant When One Partner Is Hiv Positive And The Other Is Hiv Negative
There is good news for couples in this situation.
Recent large studies, notably The HIV Prevention Trials Network Study 052 and the PARTNER study showed no transmissions from anyone on ART with undetectable viral load.
Successful ART is as effective as consistent condom use in limiting transmission and this is recommended for safe conception in the UK. Importantly, this is provided:
- Neither partner has another STI.
- The HIV positive partner has a viral load below 50 copies/mL for over 6 months.
- The HIV positive partner has regular viral load testing .
Doctors in the UK are recommended to discuss the impact of ART on transmission with all HIV positive people.
Timed intercourse, when the women is most fertile, is recommended for conception in couples that generally prefer to use condoms as well as ART. Occasionally PrEP might be recommended for the negative partner.
Note: This guide is mostly for HIV positive women but this advice could also be for HIV negative women with HIV positive partners.
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I Do Not Have Hiv But My Partner Does Can I Get Pregnant Without Getting Hiv
Women have a than men. If you do not have HIV but your male partner does, the risk of getting HIV while trying to get pregnant can be reduced but not totally eliminated.
Talk to your doctor about HIV medicine you can take to help protect you and your baby from HIV.
You may also want to consider donor sperm or assisted reproductive technology, such as semen washing or in vitro fertilization, to get pregnant. These options can be expensive and may not be covered by your health insurance.
Condoms Can Help Protect You
When used correctly and consistently, condoms can decrease the risk of HIV transmission during male-male intercourse, Henderson says. Figures from the CDC indicate that condoms reduce the risk of HIV transmission for the receptive partner by 73 percent, and for the insertive partner by 63 percent.
Using a condom during vaginal intercourse is especially effective at protecting against HIV transmission: When applied and used correctly, condoms can lower a womans risk of infection by 80 to 85 percent. However, given that condoms arent 100 percent effective, the CDC recommends taking additional precautionary steps.
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Protecting Your Baby During Childbirth
If you take your treatment correctly, it will lower the amount of HIV in your body. In some people, the amount of HIV in their body can be reduced to such low levels that it is said to be undetectable .
This means that you can plan to have a vaginal delivery because the risk of passing on HIV to your baby during childbirth will be extremely small.
If you dont have an undetectable viral load, you may be offered a caesarean section, as this carries a smaller risk of passing HIV to your baby than a vaginal delivery.
If your HIV test result comes back positive, there are a number of things you can do to reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby.
I was diagnosed with HIV. After a few years I entered a relationship and we decided to have children. My HIV consultant assured me that it was fine since my viral load was undetectable. I had my twins through C-section, which was planned.
I Don’t Need To Worry About Getting Hiv Drugs Will Keep Me Well
Antiretroviral drugs improve the lives of many people who have HIV and help them live longer. But many of these drugs are expensive and have serious side effects. There’s no cure for HIV. And drug-resistant strains of HIV can make treatment harder.
Prevention is cheaper and easier than managing a lifelong condition and the problems it brings.
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Finding A Supportive Provider
When choosing to have a child as a person living with HIV, it is important to be an advocate for yourself and your future child. Finding the right health care provider who is supportive of your plans to have a baby is a big first step! A friendly health care provider can talk with you about many issues around pregnancy and having children: which conception option is right for you, and appropriate HIV treatments for you and/or your partner. They may also be able to speak with you about whether to disclose your HIV status to others , and how to handle any stigma or fear you may experience around living with HIV and being pregnant. Please see the main “Getting Pregnant and HIV” page for even more information about building a support network.
Ultimately, you get to choose when and whether to have children. You deserve to be treated with respect and given access to the information necessary to make an informed decision and plan for your future.
Hiv Prevention Is Key
Because HIV is transmitted by the exchange of bodily fluids, the best way to prevent infection is to always practice safer sex and avoid using drug paraphernalia like needles. The CDC recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested at least once for HIV, and as often as every six months if you have multiple sexual partners, have unprotected sex, or use needles to inject drugs. If youre at a very high risk for getting infected for example, if your current sexual partner has HIV taking a medication called pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, may help keep you safe, says the CDC. This preventive treatment lowers your chances of being infected by stopping the virus from getting a foothold in your body. The catch is that you have to take PrEP very consistently exactly as your doctor prescribes it. The CDC says this regimen can lower your risk of getting HIV from sex by 90 percent and cut the risk of transmission among injection drug users by more than 70 percent.
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Is It Safe For Children With Hiv To Receive Routine Immunizations
MMR, or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, is safe to give to children with HIV, unless they have a severely weakened immune system.
DTaP/Td vaccine is safe to give to infants and children with HIV.
Hib and Hep B vaccines are safe to give to children with HIV.
Hepatitis A and B vaccines are safe to give to HIV-positive children.
VZIG should be considered for known HIV-positive children, depending on their immune status.
A yearly influenza vaccine is recommended for children with HIV, as well as any individual living in the same household as a child with HIV. There are two types of influenza vaccine children and adults with HIV should receive the “shot” form of the vaccine–not the nasal spray form, as it contains a live virus. Pneumococcal vaccine can be safely administered to age-appropriate HIV-infected children.
Always consult with your child’s doctor regarding immunizations for an HIV-infected child.
Getting Pregnant When Both Parents Have Hiv
Seroconcordant couples , can have an HIV-negative child. If both partners are on treatment, the risk of either partner transmitting HIV to their baby is almost zero.
If you are a seroconcordant couple and you are thinking of becoming pregnant it is important to speak with an obstetrician and an HIV specialist to minimise the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby.
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When Will I Know Whether My Baby Is Hiv Positive
Blood tests will tell whether the virus has been passed on. There are usually three tests performed:
within the first few days of the baby being born
at 1 month of age and
at 2 to 4 months of age.
If all 3 tests are negative for HIV, the baby does not have the virus. If any one of the tests is positive, another test is performed. If 2 tests are positive, then the baby is infected with HIV.
How Schools Are Getting It Wrong On Hiv And Aids
Leo found out he was HIV positive when he was 12. A few months later, in a personal, social and health education lesson, the teacher was discussing HIV and Aids: And some of the pupils were joking around, and the teacher said: Guys, its not funny! If you have HIV, you dont have long to live. If you have HIV, youre going to die.
Leo remembers trying to remain composed, but he couldnt: what hed heard was so shocking, so unexpected. His teacher noticed the tears running down his face, took him out of the classroom and asked: Whats wrong? And Leo said: Is that whats going to happen to me, sir? Im HIV positive.
The truth is that Leo isnt, and never was, going to die. Like most of the 1,000 or so school-age children in the UK who are HIV positive, his condition is carefully monitored and well managed by drugs. What he heard from his teacher that day was incorrect: misinformation from someone in a trusted position who a pupil would usually expect to be correct.
Leos tale is one of many examples of how wrong schools often get it where HIV is concerned. Students have been humiliated and shocked in their own schools, and some are reported to have been excluded by their school on disclosure of their HIV status.
Science has come on in leaps and bounds since then today its a manageable health condition, and it needs to be treated that way. Too many teachers still base what they know on the Dont die of ignorance campaign.
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Getting Pregnant And Hiv: Man Living With Hiv And Hiv
Submitted on Feb 11, 2021
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There are several different options for reducing the chances of passing on HIV while trying to have a baby. If you are a man living with HIV and your partner is an HIV-negative woman seeking information on getting pregnant, the following options will help you understand what might be best for you and prepare for discussions with your health care provider.
Facts About Hiv/aids Everyone Should Know
Learning the truth about HIV and AIDS can help prevent transmission and save lives beginning with your own.
Contracting the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is no longer seen as a death sentence in developed countries, which have the resources to treat it. Still, millions of people around the world contract HIV and die of the last stage of the viruss infection: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , an estimated 1.1 million Americans over the age of 13 were living with HIV at the end of 2014.
There are a lot of reasons why people need to know about HIV/AIDS, from determining whether they are at risk themselves to even how to speak sensitively to someone who has the disease, says Steven Santiago, MD, the chief medical officer of Care Resource, a nonprofit HIV/AIDS organization in South Florida. Here are 10 facts that you should know.