What Types Of Illness Cause Hair Loss And How To Manage Them
It is a normal occurrence to shed some amount of hair daily. However, if the amount of hair falling is of a considerable amount than usual, it may cause worries and distress.
Though there are some other reasons for hair loss, baldness patterns in males and females is the primary cause. A doctor would want to assess these before recommending an appropriate treatment course.
In this post, we look at the illness that causes hair loss and different ways to manage them to prevent any further loss in the future.
Is There Anything Else I Should Be Aware Of Regarding Syphilis
While both the primary and secondary stage of syphilis will see symptoms disappear on their own, the underlying condition can continue and if left untreated to progress into the latent stage, during which the patient is no longer contagious, but can begin to affect the heart, brain, nervous system and bones, weakening them and occasionally pushing the individual into the tertiary stage or neurosyphilis.
Luckily, not all patients even without treatment proceed into the final stage of neurosyphilis, but those who do will undoubtedly have found themselves ill enough to be formerly diagnosed.
Neurosyphilis can lead to issues with the limbic system and nervous system, causing involuntary muscle spasms that can have a huge negative effect on everyday activities. It is also likely to reduce the transition of electrical signals within the nervous system causing widespread numbness, and even blindness as the nerves behind the eyes begin to deteriorate. At this point, the affect on the nervous system can be so great that it interferes with brain function, often causing early onset dementia and often death.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Warning Signs
If you notice patches of redness, flaking and oily or dry scales, especially beyond the scalp, this could be seborrheic dermatitis, said;Brooke Grant Jeffy, M.D., a board-certified dermatologist. This form of dermatitis leads to redness, flaking and crusting on parts of the body rich in oil-producing glands, such as the scalp, face and chest. It most often appears as flaking diffusely through the scalp and/or eyebrows. It often causes redness and scaling around the nose. It may sometimes appear in the beard area. When it occurs on the chest, it is usually right in the middle and more of a greasy, red rash and less flaky. There is not a cure, but it may act up more at various times and eventually will often spontaneously resolve.
Dandruff presents itself primarily in the scalp, typically resulting in white flakes. However, if you see flakes that are yellow and/or greasy, seborrheic dermatitis is most likely the reason. A patient with the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis may also experience the condition on the face.
Try It: GRO Scalp Detoxifying Serum
Also Check: How Can Hiv Be Controlled
Do Antidepressants Cause Hair Loss
Many antidepressants have been linked to insomnia, nausea, and dizziness, but hair loss is usually a rare side effect.
A team of researchers in New Zealand conducted a study to better understand how a group of 180 long-term antidepressant users felt about the experience. The five most commonly selected adverse effects were withdrawal effects , sexual difficulties , weight gain , emotional numbness , and failure to orgasm . Hair loss didnt make the list .
A 2018 comparative retrospective cohort study examined a large U.S. health claims database from 2006 to 2014 to review the risk of hair loss among various antidepressants . Among one million people on ten different antidepressants, researchers found an increased risk of alopecia among those taking bupropion compared with SSRIs and SNRIs.
Compared with bupropion , all other antidepressants had a lower risk of hair loss, with fluoxetine and paroxetine showing the lowest risk. Conversely, fluvoxamine , had the highest risk compared with Wellbutrin .
Dealing With Alopecia Hair Loss
Hair lost to Alopecia;may regrow naturally. Alopecia occurs when the hair growth cycle is disrupted, causing follicles to lie in the dormant Telogen phase of the cycle until they receive a signal from the body to resume production. As yet, there is no way of knowing when or if this will happen.
Should the Reverend decide that hair loss is one additional battle she doesnt need, there is;treatment for Alopecia Areata available,;most notably topical applications of;high strength minoxidil. Applying this to the affected areas twice daily may help to stimulate her follicles back into action.
A reputable hair loss specialist will be able to diagnose the cause and level of Hayleys shedding, then work with her doctor or medical advisors where necessary, to provide a bespoke regrowth course.
Read Also: How Do You Find Out You Have Hiv
How Does Hair Transplant Surgery Work For An Hiv Patient
The surgical hair restoration process is the same whether a patient has HIV or not. Hair is harvested from the donor area by using one of two methods and are then implanted into tiny recipient sites made by the surgeon in the balding areas. Hair restoration clinics always use a fresh set of equipment, hand pieces, drillers and machines which are immediately discarded after the procedure. The surgeon and their staff always wear the necessary protective gear which includes a surgical mask and gloves. Therefore, everyone is protected during the procedure as the necessary precautions are always made regardless of whether or not a patient has HIV.
Ii Hair Loss Due To Hiv
A study conducted by Smith et al with 10 patients for the clinical and histopathologic features of hair loss in them revealed the following change in the hair texture.
- Hair loss with straightening
- Sometimes associated with fine hair texture;
- An increased tendency for broken hairs
As syphilis, these changes were reported during the later stage or advance stage of HIV. Nutritional deficits, often prominent in HIV patients, may lead to or potentiate telogen effluvium*;
Telogen effluvium ;is a form of temporary hair loss that usually happens after stress, a shock, or a traumatic event. It affects the entire scalp area. In this, too many hairs stop growing for too long of a period. When new hair finally begins to grow, it pushes the resting hairs out, resulting in shedding.
As person associated from HIV is in stress, shock or traumatic event, it may trigger TE. ;At any one time, up to;10 percent;of a persons hair is in the telogen phase. TE generally lasts for around 3 months.
Another form of hair loss due to HIV is Autoimmune alopecia. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair to fall out in patches.This is baldness due to hampered auto immune system.;
In this condition, hair follicles are damaged by a misguided immune system, including alopecia areata and alopecia universalis, can be seen in people in HIV. This may result in the loss of;
- scalp hair
Read Also: What Is The Hiv Rate In Atlanta
Can Std Cause A Hair Loss What Kind Of Std Causes Hair Loss
There are two ways STDs responsible for the hair loss.
Each state mentioned above exhibits a peculiar characteristic in hair fall. , while some shows hair loss in conventional way. We will see each state in detailed manner.;
*Alopecia;areata is a common autoimmune disorder that often results in unpredictable hair loss.
What Are Hiv And Aids
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS . HIV attacks the immune system by destroying specific white blood cells called CD4 positive T cells that are vital to fighting off infection. The resulting shortage of these cells leaves people infected with HIV vulnerable to other infections and diseases, and additional complications.
AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection. A person infected with HIV is diagnosed with AIDS when he or she has a dangerously low number of CD4+ T cells as well as one or more opportunistic infections, such as some types of pneumonia or tuberculosis, that do not typically affect people with healthy immune systems.
Although HIV infection and AIDS primarily affect the immune system, they also disturb the nervous system and can lead to a wide range of severe neurological disorders, particularly if HIV goes untreated and progresses to AIDS. Many of the most severe neurological conditions can be prevented with antiretroviral therapy. However, even individuals who receive this treatment can develop less severe neurological and cognitive difficulties.
Don’t Miss: How Can Hiv Be Cured
How Is It Treated
Depression treatment is critical in patients diagnosed with HIV. If left untreated, depression can cause HIV-infected individuals to stop their treatments, stop going to medical appointments, and to actively not stay engaged in personal care in general. In addition, not treating depression can lead to more risky behavior, including alcohol abuse, drug use, and being careless in behaviors that may infect others with HIV. In addition to making your HIV disease progress at a faster rate than normal, depression can lead to death by suicide and a general overall low quality of life.
The good news is there are treatment options available to help you cope with your depression, which in turn can improve your HIV prognosis as well. Lifestyle changes and medications have both been effective tools in helping those with HIV fight depression.
Certain lifestyle changes have also been found to be effective in treating depression when you have been diagnosed with HIV. These include regular exercise and exposure to sunlight, counseling, stress management, and improved sleeping habits. Massage and acupuncture have also been found as good alternative therapies to depression.
To get the most out of your treatments:
- Go to routine medical checkups
- Dont stop taking your HIV or depression medications
- Learn all you can about both of your conditions HIV and depression and learn warning signs and symptoms
- Avoid drugs and alcohol
What Are The Stds That Cause Hair Loss
STDs like many dangerous diseases are threatening in large part because of their ability to hide in place sight. Indeed, most STDs can remain asymptomatic for long periods of time. Its entirely possible for someone to have an STD and not realize it. Whats more, when STD symptoms do appear, they may mimic other, more innocuous conditions. One of them is hair loss. Today, well take a closer look at the STDs that cause hair loss and explain what you can do to protect your well-being:;
You May Like: Can Hiv Positive Become Negative
Treatment For Hair Loss
Most of the time, hair loss caused by any of the problems mentioned above is temporary. Its important to remember that in the case of TE, hair falls out because new hair is growing in.
In severe cases of hair loss, steroid injections may promote hair growth. Topical creams may also spur growth.
Outside of hair loss thats caused by natural aging, changing medications and getting proper nutrition can help prevent hair loss.
Stages Of Hiv Infection
About a month after you get HIV, you might feel like you have the flu. This is the first stage, called primary or acute HIV infection. Symptoms include:
- Swollen lymph nodes
The next stage is called clinical latency, or chronic infection. You might have no symptoms, or only mild ones, for 10 years or more.
Without treatment, as HIV keeps multiplying inside your body, youâll move into the third stage, which is AIDS. A person who has HIV is diagnosed with AIDS when they have fewer than 200 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter of blood or when they get whatâs called an AIDS-defining condition.
AIDS-defining conditions are certain cancers and illnesses called opportunistic infections.
Read Also: Can You Catch Hiv From Oral
What Specific Treatments Are There For Hair Loss In Women
Female hair loss treatments include minoxidil , hair transplants, hair-powder fibers like Toppik, wigs, hair extensions, and weaves.
- Minoxidil is available over the counter and available in 2%, 4%, and 5% concentrations. It may be something of a nuisance to apply twice daily, but it has been shown to help conserve hair and may even grow some. Minoxidil tends to grow very fine small hairs wherever it is applied. It is important to avoid running the liquid onto the face or neck where it can also grow hair. It is marketed for women at the 2% concentration but may be used in higher strengths as directed by a doctor.
- Surgical procedures like hair transplants can be useful for some women as well as men to “fill in” thinned-out areas.
Hiv Effects On The Circulatory System
Several things make your chances of heart-related problems go up. Because HIV affects your immune system, your body will be inflamed as it tries to fight the infection, like itâs on a constant simmer. This kind of inflammation has been linked to heart disease.
Some drugs you take for HIV can also make heart disease more likely. They can cause insulin resistance, which makes you more likely to get diabetes, and problems breaking down fats. Diabetes, in turn, raises your risk of heart disease. You might need medicines to control your blood sugar and cholesterol.
If you smoke, quit. Eat a variety of vegetables and fruits, plenty of whole grains, and foods with omega-3 fatty acids. Choose lean cuts of meat and low-fat dairy products. Exercise, like taking a brisk walk, for 20 to 30 minutes most days of the week.
If you’re carrying extra weight, losing as little as 5 or 10 pounds could make a big difference.
Recommended Reading: What Is Hiv 1 And 2 Antibody Test
Understanding The Triggers: Stress Sos
Most often, the yeast, Malassezia, which is usually present on our skin without causing rashes, can be a trigger, said Dr. Mark. It is interesting to note that on the one hand, it is considered an example of eczematous dermatitis, but it can also be more of an overlap of psoriasis, so much so that some call it sebo-psoriasis. One of the most fascinating aspects of dermatology is when the skin can give clues to underlying illnesses.; Seborrheic dermatitis is often seen in patients with neurologic diseases such as Parkinsons disease and strokes, but also in those with weakened immune systems such as HIV.;
While it’s hard to pinpoint the exact cause of these dermatitis flare-ups, as is typical with physical conditions that manifest within the body, stress is a likely culprit. Beyond those with any underlying immunosuppression and neurological conditions, otherwise healthy adults with oily skin may be more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis due to increased oil production.
The exact causes are still not completely understood, said Gary Linkov, M.D., board-certified plastic and hair surgeon of;City Facial Plastics. These include genetics, medical conditions, certain medications, dry weather, altered immune response and stress. Seborrheic dermatitis often cannot be prevented. It can only be treated.
To better manage and keep seborrheic dermatitis under control, implement lifestyle techniques that help you to minimize stress, such as:
- Regular exercise
What Is Seborrheic Dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease that can cause a scaly, red-colored, greasy and swollen rash to develop on your skin.
The precise symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis can vary depending on your age. In adolescents and adults, the most common symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis are:
Scaly patches that develop on your skin
Beneath the scale, a red-colored skin rash
Yellow and white-colored flakes that fall from the affected skin
Although skin affected by seborrheic dermatitis becomes scaly and develops into flakes, it may have a greasy, oily appearance. Areas of skin affected by seborrheic dermatitis may burn and feel itchy.
Seborrheic dermatitis tends to develop on oily skin. Its common on your scalp and around your ears, including inside your ear canal. Other areas of your skin where seborrheic dermatitis may develop include your:
Chest, back and armpits
In children and infants, seborrheic dermatitis is called cradle cap. The most common symptoms of this type of seborrheic dermatitis are:
A greasy rash that affects the scalp
Yellow-brown scale that develops on the skin
Over time, the scale may become dry and flaky, causing it to break off easily when the affected skin is touched or rubbed.
Also Check: Can I Get Hiv From Spit
Is Hiv A Cause Of Hair Loss In Aging Adults
Relating extreme hair loss to HIV is a question that puzzles many people. Hair loss used to occur as a side effect of select HIV medicines that are in use very rarely nowadays in antiretroviral therapy. If you are tested HIV positive and are experiencing hair loss, it may not be directly associated with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In fact, the thinning of hair on the scalp can be a sign of aging or may occur in people due to several reasons other than HIV.
HIV patients may be prone to Telogen effluvium, although medical science is yet to fully uncover the symptoms of the condition. Telogen effluvium refers to a state of no hair growth or a resting phase of a hair follicle. It may occur in an aging adult when the hair stops growing for a long period. As a result, the hair starts to fall as and when new hair starts to grow prematurely, pushing the resting hairs out of the scalp.
Telogen effluvium can occur due to mental or physical stress, an infection, a chronic illness, or even protein deficiency in the body. They are all causative factors to the condition, which can be related to HIV indirectly. For instance, medical studies have revealed that a minority of patients suffering from alopecia may characterize immune disorder symptoms. Apart from that, people with HIV tend to have other STDs at times as well, and one such sexually transmitted disease, known as syphilis, leads to hair loss.