Friday, April 19, 2024

Has Anyone Got Hiv From Kissing

Can I Contract Hiv By Kissing With Open Mouth

HIV Positive: Seriously, you can’t catch it from kissing – BBC Stories

The open-mouthed kiss is theoretically considered at very low risk of infection. This is because a prolonged open-mouthed kiss always theoretically, if aggressive, can create small lesions on the lips or in the mouth, allowing the virus to move from an infected person to another. In practice, both the open-mouthed kiss and the deep kiss are not considered risky behaviours nor to get or transmit HIV.

Ok But What About My Specific Hiv Risk Question

Over the years, we’ve receivedand our experts have answeredliterally thousands of questions from people concerned about a potential exposure to HIV. Some of them have been extremely detailedbut those details don’t change any of the basic facts about how HIV is and isn’t transmitted.

You can figure out the answer to just about every question that could possibly exist about HIV transmission by reading the rest of our article above. But let’s dive into a handful of the most common kinds of questions we’ve seen over the years:

Can Kissing An Hiv Positive Person Cause An Hiv Infection

No, a person cannot spread HIV through kissing. Although HIV can be present in very small amounts in saliva, there are proteins and enzymes found naturally in saliva which reduce the infectiousness of HIV, making it impossible for the virus to spread through kissing.

HIV can only survive in certain body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, anal mucous and breast milk – HIV spreads through the exchange of these bodily fluids. Sexual intercourse, including oral and anal sex, without the use of a condom is the most common way that HIV spreads. HIV can also spread by sharing needles with someone who is infected with the virus, and very rarely it can be passed from an HIV positive pregnant woman to her unborn baby.

If you think you may have been exposed to HIV in the last three days, you should contact our local sexual health clinic immediately to get PEP, that can prevent infection even after exposure, if taken within 72 hours. If you believe the exposure might have happened earlier, make sure to consider the window period before taking an HIV test.

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Kissing Can Spread Germs And Cause Illness

As previously mentioned, kissing a partner can be good for your immune system. Of course, on the flip side, there’s a dirty truth about kissing: if you’re swapping spit with someone who is sick, you could be exposing yourself to all sorts of infection-causing germs. “Mouths can serve as a transmission route for germs because there is close connection with the gastrointestinal and respiratory systems, and these are common sites of infections for germs,” microbiologist Dr. Kelly Reynolds told Cosmopolitan. What’s more, you could end up with a virus two of the most common diseases spread by mouth-to-mouth contact are mononucleosis and meningitis.

Additionally, there are also microbes in saliva that can possibly cause “gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and HPV,” per Cosmopolitan. What’s more, kissing someone with an oral herpes infection can cause you to develop a cold sore even if you don’t see one on your partner’s mouth. Finally, it is theoretically possible that HIV can be spread from kissing in the “off-chance that both you and an infected partner happen to have tears in your gums.”

It’s enough to make you rethink kissing anyone and everyone with abandon!

Am I At Risk Of Becoming Infected With Hiv When Visiting The Doctor Or Dentist

You can

Transmission of HIV in a health care setting is extremely rare. All health professionals are required to follow infection control procedures when caring for any patient. These procedures are called Universal Precautions for infection control. They are designed to protect both patients and health care professionals from the transmission of blood borne diseases such as Hepatitis B and HIV.

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Myth : Theres A Cure For Hiv

While antiretroviral therapy can substantially reduce the amount of HIV in a persons blood, its not a cure. If an HIV-positive person suddenly stops taking their meds, the amount of virus in their blood can skyrocket.

Even skipping doses of the meds can allow HIV to change form and potentially become resistant to the drugs, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

The key to living well with HIV and avoiding transmission to others is to get treatment as early as possible and take those meds daily as prescribed.

Does Cunnilingus Is A Intercourse At High Risk Of Hiv Infection

Oral stimulation of the vagina is considered at low risk because vaginal secretions contain a small amount of virus. The risk increases during the menstrual period. Also in this case, the risk is for the person who practices cunnilingus. In mouth-vagina intercourses, the function of the condom can be performed by a dental dum, a latex film suiting these practices. Failing this you can use a normal plastic wrap.

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If I Have Sex With A Commercial Sex Worker Will I Get Hiv

Unprotected sex places you at a high risk of contracting the virus whether it is with a commercial sex worker or anybody else. Statistics from the Caribbean and several other parts of the world have shown that there is a higher prevalence or occurrence of HIV in commercial sex workers . Therefore by having unprotected sex with a commercial sex worker the risk of contracting HIV is high.

Is Deep Kissing A Route Of Hiv Transmission

Is it possible to transmit HIV through saliva?

Deep or open-mouthed kissing is a very low risk activity in terms of HIV transmission. HIV is only present in saliva in very minute amounts, insufficient to cause infection with HIV. There has been only one documented case of someone becoming infected with HIV through kissing a result of exposure to infected blood during open-mouthed kissing. If you or your partner have blood in your mouth, you should avoid kissing until the bleeding stops.

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Now That I Have Hiv I Cant Have Kids

You may be able to safely have children. Doctors can help you take steps to lower or remove the chance that youâll pass the virus to your partner during conception. If youre pregnant, your doctor will give you HIV drugs to protect you and your baby. The baby may also be given medication after birth.

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Establishing The Conditions For Hiv Transmission

It’s important to always remember that there are four conditions that must be met in order for HIV transmission to take place:

  • There must be body fluids in which HIV can thrive, such as semen, blood, vaginal fluids or breast milk. HIV cannot thrive in the open air or in parts of the body with high acid content or antimicrobial defenses .
  • There must be a route of transmission, such as through certain sexual activities, shared needles, occupational exposure, or transmission from mother to child.
  • There must be a means for the virus to reach vulnerable cells inside your body, either through a rupture or penetration of the skin, absorption through mucosal tissues, or both. HIV cannot penetrate intact skin.
  • There must be sufficient levels of virus in the body fluids, which is why saliva, sweat, and tears are unlikely sources since the level of virus in these fluids is considered insufficient for infection.
  • Based on these conditions, the likelihood of HIV transmission by kissing is not only considered low but pretty much near impossible.

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    There Is A Subconscious Genetic Analysis Happening When You’re Kissing

    When you kiss a potential partner, there’s a whole lot of evaluation happening on a subconscious level. Beyond deciding if this person is a good kisser or not , you’re also unknowingly deciding if they’ll make a good life mate or not.

    According to Live Science, kissing is an “evolutionary screening tool” to determine if you and your sweetie can compatibly have healthy children. Additionally, your saliva and breath have chemical signals embedded within them that can clue you into whether they are the right reproductive match for you.

    Furthermore, the exchange of pheromones further fuels this subconscious information swap. That’s because people tend to be more attracted to the pheromones of individuals who have an immune system that differs from their own. Why? These potential matches have a genetic makeup that, combined with their own, would more likely result in producing healthy children. So apparently, there are many signs he’s definitely not “the one.”

    Is Unprotected Anal Intercourse More Of An Hiv Risk Than Vaginal Or Oral Sex

    Can Kissing Transmit Hiv / Megan Andelloux

    Unprotected anal intercourse does carry a higher risk than most other forms of sexual activity. The lining of the rectum has fewer cells than that of the vagina, and therefore can be damaged more easily, causing bleeding during intercourse. This can then be a route into the bloodstream for infected sexual fluids or blood. There is also a risk to the insertive partner during anal intercourse, though this is lower than the risk to the receptive partner.

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    Estimating The Risk Per Exposure

    A satisfactory answer to the question, How high is the risk of HIV transmission through oral sex? has been notoriously elusive. Collecting reliable data is challenging for several reasons:

    • Very few people report oral sex as their sole risk.
    • Self-reported data on sexual behaviour are hard to collect accurately, with participants failing to report condomless anal or vaginal sex they have had.
    • If a person practises any other form of unprotected intercourse in addition to unprotected oral sex, any resulting HIV infection is usually attributed to the higher risk behaviour.
    • Studies have frequently grouped all oral sex practices together, often not distinguishing receptive from insertive roles, whether ejaculation occurred in the mouth, etc.

    Many reports of oral transmission are in the form of isolated and anecdotal reports, rather than from observational cohorts or other studies with more rigorous follow-up.

    Most cohort studies following men who only practiced oral sex, or serodiscordant couples, have tended to show very low levels of risk, in many cases approaching zero. A few studies have given higher estimates which are difficult to reconcile with the others.

    Tips To Avoid Hiv Transmission

    To prevent the spread of HIV, follow these guidelines:

    • Use condoms during sexual intercourse
    • Never share needles and syringes
    • Avoid multiple sexual partners
    • Use lubricant during sexual intercourse to reduce friction and dryness which can cause vaginal tears and broken condoms.
    • Speak to your doctor about PrEP , if you believe you are at high risk of exposure. PrEP is a daily medication used to help prevent HIV.
    • Speak to your doctor about taking post-exposure prophylaxis if you think you’ve just been exposed to the virus. PEP is a type of antiretroviral medication that help prevent HIV if started within 72 hours after you might have been exposed to the virus.

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    How Do You Get Or Transmit Hiv

    You can only get HIV by coming into direct contact with certain body fluids from a person with HIV who has a detectable viral load. These fluids are:

    • Blood
    • Semen and pre-seminal fluid
    • Rectal fluids
    • Vaginal fluids
    • Breast milk

    For transmission to occur, the HIV in these fluids must get into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person through a mucous membrane open cuts or sores or by direct injection.

    People with HIV who take HIV medicine daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners.

    Reducing The Risk From Oral Sex

    How To Tell Someone You Have An STD | Planned Parenthood Video

    The risk from unprotected oral sex with someone with a detectable viral load increases if you have:

    • a throat infection
    • damage to the lining of the mouth or throat
    • had recent dental work or your gums bleed a lot.

    Avoid performing oral sex without protection on someone with a detectable viral load while you have any of the above.

    Dont floss or brush teeth before oral sex . Regular check-ups for STIs will pick up infections in your throat.

    Remember that other STIs can also be passed on through oral sex, including herpes, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis.

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    What We Know About Anal Sex

    Anal sex is the riskiest type of sex for getting or transmitting HIV. Although receptive anal sex is much riskier for getting HIV than insertive anal sex, its possible for either partnerthe insertive or receptiveto get HIV.

    An HIV-negative receptive partners risk of getting HIV is very high because the lining of the rectum is thin. HIV can enter the body through this lining during anal sex from body fluids that carry HIV, including semen or pre-seminal fluid .

    More information

    On average, an HIV-negative receptive partner has about a 1 in 70 chance of getting HIV every time they have receptive anal sex with a partner who has HIV.

    Being the receptive partner for anal sex is about 13 times more risky for getting HIV from a partner with HIV than being the insertive partner.

    For women, anal sex is about 17 times more risky for getting HIV from a man with HIV than vaginal sex.

    If the partner with HIV takes HIV medicine as prescribed, and gets and keeps an undetectable viral load , you have effectively no risk of getting HIV through sex with that partner.

    See how receptive anal sex compares to other sexual activities here.

    An HIV-negative insertive partner is also at risk because HIV can enter the body through the opening at the tip of the penis the foreskin if the penis isnt circumcised or small cuts, scratches, or open sores anywhere on the penis. There is some evidence that circumcision decreases a mans risk of getting HIV during sex.

    More information

    Is It True That Gay Men Are More At Risk For Hiv Than Other People

    Although anyone can be at risk for HIV, some people can be more at risk depending upon the types of sexual practices and drug use they are engaging in. Being gay does not necessarily mean you are at higher risk, but certain activities gay men sometimes participate in might put them at greater risk. Overall, the gay male population in Canada has higher rates of HIV infection than some other populations. Stigma and homophobia can affect a person’s ability to access information about safer sex specifically for gay men.

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    What Is The Chance Of Getting Hiv From One Encounter

    Anal sex is the most risky sex act in terms of HIV transmission, if an HIV-negative top the insertive partner and an HIV-positive bottom have unprotected sex, and the chances of the top contracting the virus from a single encounter are 1 in 909 . In the case of 62 percent, the rate would be higher.

    Is It Possible To Have Hiv And Not Give It To Your Partner

    Can people transmit HIV through kissing? Busting HIV myths

    The chances of passing HIV on through oral sex are much lower, and the chances of passing it on through touching are even lower. Condoms are a good choice. When you have anal or vaginal sex, its important to use condoms in the right way. A water-based or silicone lubricant can be used to prevent the condom from slipping or breaking.

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    How Does Hiv Work

    The full scientific name for HIV is human immunodeficiency virus. Its an infection that attacks the immune system, and it operates like this:

    • The virus itself is shaped like a bowling ball covered in tiny spikes
    • After HIV enters the bloodstream, it uses those tiny spikes to latch on to white blood cells , the bodys first line of defense against infections
    • As soon as HIV gets inside white blood cells, it uses the cells own machinery to create copies of itself, creating effective camouflage that tricks the immune system into leaving it alone
    • As HIV creates even more copies of itself, it hijacks a persons immune system
    • A weakened immune system means that people living with untreated HIV may start to get all sorts of infections that would never normally make them sickEventually, without proper treatment, HIV leads to AIDS and becomes life-threatening

    Todays anti-HIV medicines have been designed to address each stage of the infection process.

    Some of these medications, which are also called antiretrovirals, stop HIVs spikes from latching on to CD4 cells. Others use different methods to stop HIV from replicating.

    These drugs cant completely eradicate the virus from a persons body, but they do successfully stifle its ability to make copies of itself.

    Myth : Hiv Can Be Transmitted Through Oral Sex

    OK, theres a teensy bit of truth behind this myth, but the chances of getting HIV by going down on someone are so low that the risk almost doesnt exist.

    According to a 2013 research review, the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex without a condom or other barrier method is about 0.04 percent.

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    What We Know About Injecting Silicone

    Silicone injections can be done safely by a health care provider, but sometimes people inject silicone with friends or acquaintances at parties. Theres a chance that someone can get or transmit HIV if an HIV-negative person uses needles, syringes, and other injection equipment after someone with HIV has used them. This is because the needle, syringe, or other injection equipment may have blood in them, and blood can carry HIV. Likewise, youre at risk for getting or transmitting hepatitis B and C if you share needles, syringes, or other injection equipment because these infections are also transmitted through blood.

    More information:More information:

    More information: Hepatitis B and C are viruses that infect the liver. Many people with hepatitis B or C dont know they have it because they dont feel sick. Even if you dont feel sick, you can transmit the virus to others. The only way to know for sure if you have hepatitis B or C is to get tested. Your health care provider will recommend a hepatitis B or C test if you have risk factors for these infections, such as injection drug use. If you dont have a health care provider, click here to find contact information for your local health department.

    If a person with HIV takes their HIV medicine as prescribed and gets and keeps an undetectable viral load , their chance of transmitting HIV through sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment is reduced.

    More information

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