Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Hiv Prevalence In Us By State

Hiv Statistics And Research

US, NACA To Partner In Reducing HIV/Aids Prevalence In Taraba State

Through case reporting and other studies, the Department of Health continually collects information about the state’s HIV epidemic. This information is used to help develop effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of HIV.

The Washington State HIV Surveillance Report contains the most up-to-date, comprehensive data about people diagnosed with HIV in Washington. However, the Department also publishes other data products which offer more in-depth information.

For example, HIV Fact Sheets discuss the impact HIV has had on specific populations, and provide details about who is at risk for the disease.

Also, the HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Report, which is published in collaboration with Public Health-Seattle & King County, describes supplemental surveillance projects, needs assessments, and other local research projects focusing on HIV.

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Fact Sheets

Are Some Regions Of The United States More Impacted By Hiv Than Others

Yes. HIV is largely an urban disease, with most cases occurring in metropolitan areas with 500,000 or more people. The South has the highest number of people living with HIV, but if population size is taken into account, the Northeast has the highest rate of people living with HIV.

*Rates per 100,000 people. Includes adults, adolescents, and children under the age of 13.

New Hiv Diagnoses In The Us And Dependent Areas For The Most

NOTE: Subpopulations representing 2% or less of all people who received an HIV diagnosis in 2019 are not represented in this chart.* Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.

In 2019, transgender people accounted for 2% of the 36,801 new HIV diagnoses.

  • Male-to-female d transgender people accounted for 2% of new HIV diagnoses.
  • Female-to-male e transgender people accounted for less than 1% of new HIV diagnoses.

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Do Some Parts Of The Country Have More Hiv Than Other Parts

Yes. HIV is largely an urban disease, with most cases occurring in metropolitan areas with 500,000 or more people. The South has the highest number of people living with HIV, but if population size is taken into account, the Northeast has the highest rate of people living with HIV.

HIV in the United States by Geographic Distribution is a fact sheet that explains the geography of HIV in the United States.

How Does Cdc Know The Number Of People Living With Hiv If Some Of Those People Are Unaware Of Their Status

The United States Says It

CDC estimates the number of people living with HIV by using a scientific model. This model helps CDC estimate the number of new HIV infections and how many people are infected but dont know it. HIV prevalence is the number of people living with HIV infection at a given time, such as at the end of a given year. More information on HIV prevalence.

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Impact On Gay And Bisexual Men

  • While estimates show that gay and bisexual men comprise only about 2% of the U.S. population, male-to-male sexual contact accounts for most new HIV infections and most people living with HIV .58
  • Annual new infections among gay and bisexual men declined overall between 2015 and 2019 but remained stable among Black and Latino gay and bisexual men.59
  • Blacks gay and bisexual men accounted for the largest number of new diagnoses among this group in 2019, followed by Latino gay and bisexual men .60 Additionally, according to a recent study, Black gay and bisexual men were found to be at a much higher risk of being diagnosed with HIV during their lifetimes compared with Latino and white gay and bisexual men.61 Young Black gay and bisexual men are at particular risk â Black gay and bisexual men ages 20-29 accounted for 51% of new diagnoses among that age group and 13% of all diagnoses.62

Key Points: Hiv Incidence

  • HIV incidence declined 8% from 2015 to 2019. In 2019, the estimated number of HIV infections in the U.S. was 34,800 and the rate was 12.6 .
  • , the annual number of HIV infections in 2019, compared with 2015, decreased among persons aged 1324 and persons aged 45-54, but remained stable among all other age groups. In 2019, the rate was highest for persons aged 25-34 , followed by the rate for persons aged 35-44 .
  • , the annual number of HIV infections in 2019, compared with 2015, decreased among persons of multiple races, but remained stable for persons of all other races/ethnicities. In 2019, the highest rate was for Blacks/African American persons , followed by Hispanic/Latino persons and persons of multiple races .
  • , the annual number of new HIV infections in 2019, as compared to 2015, decreased among males, but remained stable among females. In 2019, the rate for males was 5 times the rate for females .
  • , the annual number of HIV infections in 2019, compared with 2015, decreased among males with transmission attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, but remained stable among all other transmission categories. In 2019, the largest percentages of HIV infections were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact

For more details on recent HIV incidence statistics, see Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2015-2019.

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Rural Hiv Prevalence And Service Availability In The United States: A Chartbook

This chartbook examines 2016 HIV prevalence and the availability of HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services across the rural-urban continuum and by U.S. census region. Publicly available county-level HIV prevalence data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state-produced HIV surveillance reports were used to estimate HIV prevalence across the rural-urban continuum. HIV prevalence data include all diagnoses of HIV infection, with or without a stage 3 diagnosis. Geocoded data on organizations that provide prevention, testing, and treatment services related to HIV were obtained from the National Prevention Information Network.

HIV prevalence is higher in urban counties than rural counties , with prevalence decreasing with increasing level of rurality. HIV prevalence in urban counties is higher than HIV prevalence in rural counties in all but two states . The Northeast has the highest HIV prevalence followed by the South , West , and Midwest .

Analyses of the availability of HIV-related services show that compared with urban counties, a smaller proportion of rural counties have organizations that provided HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services. The findings of this study may help inform policies that augment rural HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and outbreak response efforts.

Hiv Statistics By State 2022

A new CDC report highlights the racial disparities in HIV in the United States

Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that weakens a persons immune system by attacking cells that fight off infection, specifically a persons CD4 cells. HIV is spread through body fluids such as blood. If HIV goes untreated and advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. Unlike most other viruses, when a person contracts HIV, they have it for life because the human body cannot fight off the virus entirely. HIV, however, can be controlled and its progression can be slowed significantly. There are three stages of HIV: acute HIV infection, clinical latency , and AIDS.

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Risk Factors Contributing To The Black Hiv Rate

This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

Access to healthcare is very important in preventing and treating HIV/AIDS. It can be affected by health insurance which is available to people through private insurers, Medicare and Medicaid which leaves some people still vulnerable. Historically, African-Americans have faced discrimination when it comes to receiving healthcare.

Homosexuality is viewed negatively in the African-American Community. “In a qualitative study of 745 racially and ethnic diverse undergraduates attending a large Midwestern university, Calzo and Ward determined that parents of African-American participants discussed homosexuality more frequently than the parents of other respondents. In analyses of the values communicated, Calzo and Ward reported that Black parents offered greater indication that homosexuality is perverse and unnatural”.

Hiv Diagnoses Among Gay And Bisexual Men In The Us And Dependent Areas 2015

* Changes in subpopulations with fewer HIV diagnoses can lead to a large percentage increase or decrease.Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Report 2021 32.

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Impact On Young People

  • Teens and young adults continue to be at risk, with those under 35 accounting for 57% of new HIV diagnoses in 2019 .51 Most young people are infected sexually.52
  • Among young people, gay and bisexual men and minorities have been particularly affected.53
  • Perinatal HIV transmission, from an HIV-infected mother to her baby, has declined significantly in the U.S., largely due to increased testing efforts among pregnant women and ART which can prevent mother-to-child transmission.54,55,56
  • A recent survey of young adults found that HIV remains a concern for young people, especially for young people of color.57

States With The Highest Rates Of Hiv

This Interactive Map Shows Where People With HIV Live In The US  And ...

These numbers are based on the CDCs HIV Surveillance Report.

California has the highest number of people living with HIV of 128,153, a rate of 389.7 people with HIV per 100,000 residents. Of those living with HIV in California, the largest group is White with 48,155 people and the second-largest is Hispanic/Latino with 48,029.

New York has the second-highest number of people living with HIV of 126,495, a rate of 760.2 per 100,000. This rate is more than double that of Californias. The largest group living with HIV in New York is Black/African American with 47,164 people living with the virus.

Florida has 110,034 people living with HIV, the third-highest number in the United States. Floridas HIV rate is 612.3 per 100,000. The group with the highest number of people living with HIV is Black/African American with 49,943.

Texas has the fourth-highest number of people living with HIV in the United States of 88,099, translating to a rate of 382.9 per 100,000 people. The largest group living with the virus is Black/African American with 31,915 people, followed by Hispanic/Latino with 29,758.

Georgia has 52,528 people living with HIV, a rate of 608.8 per 100,000. This is the fifth-highest in the country. A majority of those infected with the virus are Black/African American, totaling 35,974.

Here are the 10 states with the highest rates of HIV:

  • Florida
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    Hiv/aids In The United States

    The AIDS epidemic, caused by HIV , found its way to the United States between the 1970s and 1980s, but was first noticed after doctors discovered clusters of Kaposi’s sarcoma and pneumocystis pneumonia in homosexual men in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco in 1981.Treatment of HIV/AIDS is primarily via the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs, and education programs to help people avoid infection.

    Initially, infected foreign nationals were turned back at the United States border to help prevent additional infections. The number of United States deaths from AIDS has declined sharply since the early years of the disease’s presentation domestically. In the United States in 2016, 1.1 million people aged over 13 lived with an HIV infection, of whom 14% were unaware of their infection.Gay and bisexual men, African Americans, and Latino Americans remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States.

    What About Hiv Around The World

    HIV disease continues to be a serious health issue for parts of the world. Worldwide, there were about 2.1 million new cases of HIV in 2015. About 36.7 million people are living with HIV around the world, and as of June 2016, 17 million people living with HIV were receiving medicines to treat HIV, called antiretroviral therapy . An estimated 1.1 million people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2015. Sub-Saharan Africa, which bears the heaviest burden of HIV/AIDS worldwide, accounts for 65% of all new HIV infections. Other regions significantly affected by HIV/AIDS include Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

    CDC’s Global AIDS websiteexplains what CDC is doing in the global fight against HIV.

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    Us Chamber Of Commerce Foundation

    AIDSVu is an interactive online map visualizing the prevalence of HIV in the United States, presented by the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University in partnership with Gilead Sciences, Inc.

    Dr. Patrick Sullivan, AIDSVus principal researcher, discusses here the confluence of Big Data and public health.

    Tell me about AIDSVu and your role there.

    Im the Principal Scientist for AIDSVu, which is a website that takes very rich public health surveillance data about HIV in this country and visualizes it in a format thats more accessible to a broader range of people.

    Surveillance data are traditionally disseminated mainly through reports with tables. Those are great for certain public health purposes, but we feel that putting data online in an interactive way is an opportunity to reach more people and raise awareness of the impact of HIV in our communities.

    Where does the data in AIDSVu come from?

    The data on AIDSVu come from two sources. One is from our partnership with the Centers for Disease Control . They have a national database that is collected from state health departments and includes information down to the county level. They provide that information in aggregate without individual identifiers.

    If this information is already being released, why visualize it?

    Tell me about some of the key takeaways for you in seeing this data visualized.

    And it’s not simply experts using AIDSVuits regular people as well, right?

    Hiv Prevalence Rate Ratios By Race/ethnicity 2019

    HIV, STD Rates Rose During Pandemic In Sacramento County

    The rate of Black males living with an HIV diagnosis is 5.6 times that of White males.

    The rate of Hispanic/Latino males living with an HIV diagnosis is 2.9 times that of White males.

    The rate of Black females living with an HIV diagnosis is 17.2 times that of White females.

    The rate of Hispanic/Latina females living with an HIV diagnosis is 4.9 times that of White females.

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    New Hiv Diagnoses And People With Diagnosed Hiv In The Us And Dependent Areas By Area Of Residence 2020*

    Data for 2020 should be interpreted with caution due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV testing, care-related services, and case surveillance activities in state and local jurisdictions.* Among people aged 13 and older.Source: CDC.Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2020. HIV Surveillance Report2022 33

    New Hiv Diagnoses In The Us And Dependent Areas By Race/ethnicity 2019

    * Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.

    HIV diagnoses are not evenly distributed regionally in the US and dependent areas.

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    Impact Across The Country

    • Although HIV has been reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. dependencies, the impact of the epidemic is not uniformly distributed.
    • Ten states accounted for about two-thirds of HIV diagnoses among adults and adolescents in 2019 .31 Regionally, the South accounted for more than half of HIV diagnoses in 2019.32
    • Rates of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 provide a different measure of the epidemicâs impact, since they reflect the concentration of diagnoses after accounting for differences in population size across states. The District of Columbia has the highest rate in the nation, compared to states, nearly 3 times the national rate and Georgia was the state with highest rate , twice that of the national rate.33,34 Nine of the top 10 states by rate are in the South.35
    • New HIV diagnoses are concentrated primarily in large U.S. metropolitan areas , with Miami, Orlando, and Atlanta topping the list of the areas most heavily burdened.36
    Table 1: Top Ten States/Areas by Number and Rate of New HIV Diagnoses , 2019
    State
    U.S. Rate 13.2
    CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 vol. 32. May 2021.

    Impact On Communities Of Color

    Geographic Distribution
    • Racial and ethnic minorities have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic, and represent the majority of new HIV diagnoses, people living with HIV disease, and deaths among people with HIV.37,38
    • Black and Latino people account for a disproportionate share of new HIV diagnoses, relative to their size in the U.S. population .39,40 Black people also account for more people living with HIV than any other racial group â an estimated 479,300 of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the U.S. are black.41
    • Black people also have the highest rate of new HIV diagnoses, followed by Latino people â in 2019, the rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 for Black people was about 8 times that of white people Latino people had a rate 4 times that of white people.42
    • Black people accounted for close to half of deaths among people with an HIV diagnosis in 2019.43,44
    • Survival after an AIDS diagnosis is lower for Black people than for most other racial/ethnic groups, and Black people have had the highest age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease throughout most of the epidemic.45 HIV ranks higher as a cause of death for Black and Latino people, compared with White people.46 Further, HIV was the 6th leading cause of death for Black people ages 25-34 in 2019.47

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