Thursday, May 19, 2022

How To Tell Someone You Have Hiv

Telling Family And Loved Ones

How To Tell Someone You Have An STD | Planned Parenthood Video

Disclosing your HIV-positive status to the ones who have known you longer than youve known yourself can be difficult, especially since these are the ones who claim theyll be there no matter what. How will you ever tell them? What if this is the thing that challenges their place in your life? Although these are scary thoughts, they are just that thoughts. The stories that we tell ourselves are often the most damaging. Many times, they are nothing close to reality.

While parents, siblings, and relatives have been known to be harsh critics of loved ones with HIV, they have been known to be champions, too.

Here are some of my tips for disclosing your HIV-positive status to loved ones:

  • Wait until youre comfortable emotionally before you share the information with others.
  • Be sensitive and patient when sharing your HIV-positive status. You never know for sure how the other person will react.
  • When disclosing to family and friends, be prepared for their questions. They may be personal and even intimidating, but you could be their only form of education about HIV.
  • No matter how their questions come across, they want to understand. Keep your answers as direct and simple as possible.
  • Allow them to be there for you however and whenever they can.

When To Talk About Your Hiv Status

Talk about HIV when you are ready and you feel the need to talk about it. Many people feel the need to talk when:

  • They have just been told they have HIV.
  • They have to start taking medicines.
  • They start a new relationship.
  • The pressure of living with a secret becomes too much to handle.

Choose the moment that is best for you.

Telling Casual Sexual Partners

When thinking about telling a casual sexual partner about your HIV status it’s worth thinking about why you want to tell them and whether the sex you had was protected.

The reasons you have for telling may depend upon the kind of relationship you want to have. For example, do you plan to see the person just once or are you hoping for a longer relationship?

It may also depend on the kind of sex you want to have. If there is no risk of passing on HIV, some people see no reason to talk about their HIV status.

Others tell partners so that its easier to make informed decisions about sex.

Some people prefer to talk about their HIV status in a more neutral environment, at a later date or wait until they have got to know the person better. Other people drop HIV into the conversation very early on, in a casual and matter-of-fact way, so that if the other person cannot accept it, no time is lost.

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tip 2: Be Prepared With The Basics

Make sure you know the facts about HIV how it affects your body, how treatment works and why U=U means you cant pass HIV on to your sexual partners. Remember, with effective treatment and care you can live a long, healthy and happy life. You can still have relationships, you can still have children, you can still work you can still do everything anyone else might do.

How Do I Tell Someone I Have Hiv

UN Cares HIV/AIDS in the UN Workplace

Make sure you are straightforward and specific in your approach. Lightfoot says to tell the person that you are HIV positive rather than saying that you have a chronic disease or virus. Then spell out what you want from the person, such as, I need someone I can talk to and love no matter what, and I hope that person is you..

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Do I Need To Tell My Previous Partners

Whether you tell previous partners can depend upon a number of factors such as what your relationship was like, the type of sex you had and whether it was protected.

You can ask staff at your HIV clinic to contact your ex-partners and sexual contacts for you. They can do this without giving any of your details away.

What We Know About Hiv Testing

About 1 in 7 people in the United States who have HIV dont know they have it. Getting an HIV test is the only way to know your HIV status. HIV testing is easier, more available, and more accurate than ever. There are three types of HIV tests available in the United States some can detect HIV sooner than others.

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Advice If You’re Pregnant

HIV treatment is available to prevent you passing HIV to your child.

Without treatment, there’s a 1 in 4 chance your baby will become infected with HIV. With treatment, the risk is less than 1 in 100 .

Advances in treatment mean there’s no increased risk of passing the virus to your baby with a normal delivery.

But in some cases, a caesarean section may still be recommended, often for reasons not related to your HIV.

Discuss the risks and benefits of each delivery method with the staff at your HIV clinic. The final decision about how your baby is delivered is yours, and staff will respect that decision.

If you have HIV, do not breastfeed your baby as the virus can be transmitted through breast milk.

Will Having Hiv Affect My Pregnancy

how to tell your partner you have hiv // hiv & dating

Babies can get infected with HIV during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding thats why its recommended that everyone get tested early in pregnancy. If you have HIV, antiretroviral medications greatly lower your chances of giving HIV to your baby. With treatment, less than 2 out of 100 babies born to women with HIV will be infected. Without treatment, about 25 out of 100 babies will be infected.

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Meeting At Online Dating Sites

Sometimes the fear of disclosure is so great that people will access online dating sites, like pozmingle.com, to meet their match or turn to anonymous hookup sites where they can freely post their HIV status.

Dating in real life, of course, doesn’t afford such shortcuts. Disclosing your HIV status to a love interest can be a challenging, even frightening process. But with a little time and preparation, as well as a degree of self-reflection, there are ways to significantly reduce these anxieties.

Telling Your Partner And Former Partners

If you have HIV, it’s important your current sexual partner and any sexual partners you’ve had since becoming infected are tested and treated.

Some people can feel angry, upset or embarrassed about discussing HIV with their current or former partners. Discuss your concerns with a GP or the clinic staff.

They’ll be able to advise you about who should be contacted and the best way to contact them, or they may be able to contact them on your behalf.

They’ll also advise you about disclosing your status to future partners and how you can reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to someone else.

Nobody can force you to tell any of your partners you have HIV, but it’s strongly recommended that you do.

Left untested and untreated, HIV can have devastating consequences, and eventually lead to serious illness and death.

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Whom You May Want To Tell

Women often choose to disclose their status to close friends and family members whom they trust. For many, telling those closest to them provides them with both emotional and practical support.

Some people decide to become more public and use their stories to advocate for others with the government or in the media. Others may disclose for educational purposes to neighbors, community and religious groups, schools, other people living with HIV, or health care providers. Many women find a sense of purpose and increased self-esteem by telling their story.

– msplusamerica2011, from “Why Even Share?” on A Girl Like Me

You may want to consider how much of your story you are ready to tell. Many people will ask you how you acquired HIV. If you decide not to share that information, have a reply ready such as, “Does it really matter?” or simply state that you are not ready to talk about that.

What You Can Do

Myths about HIV

Get tested for HIV. CDC recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care. People with certain risk factors should get tested at least once a year.

If you were HIV-negative the last time you were tested and answer yes to any of the following questions, you should get an HIV test because these things inc rease your chances of getting HIV.

  • Are you a man who has had sex with another man?
  • Have you had sex —anal or vaginal— with a partner who has HIV?
  • Have you had more than one sex partner since your last HIV test?
  • Do you have another sexually transmitted disease ?
  • Do you have hepatitis or tuberculosis ?
  • Have you had sex with someone who could answer yes to any of these questions or someone whose sexual history you dont know?

You should be tested at least once a year if you answered yes to any of these questions. Sexually active gay and bisexual men may benefit from more frequent testing , depending on their risk.

If you think youve recently been exposed to HIV during sex or through sharing needles, syringes, or other injection equipment , talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor right away about taking post-exposure prophylaxis . You must start PEP within 72 hours of a possible exposure, but the sooner you start PEP, the better.

Also, anyone who has been sexually assaulted should get an HIV test as soon as possible after the assault.

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Sex Or Injection Partners

Telling your partners that you have HIV before you have sex or inject drugs may be uncomfortable. But doing so protects you under the law. It also allows your partners to make decisions that can protect their health.

You should also tell your current or former partners if youve been diagnosed with another sexually transmitted disease . This lets them know that they should also get tested for other STDs.

There are a few ways to let your partners know:

You tell your partners.

  • These conversations can be hard. You may have been exposed to HIV by one of your partners, or you may have exposed one or more of them without knowing.

The health department tells your partners.

  • This is sometimes called Partner Services.
  • Health department staff tell your current and former partners that they may have been exposed to HIV.
  • The health department will provide your partners with testing, counseling, and referrals for other services.
  • Partner Services programs are available through health departments and some medical offices and clinics.
  • Your health care provider, social worker, case manager, patient navigator, or HIV testing center can help you find a Partner Services program.

Does The Law Say I Have To Tell My Partner About My Hiv Status

If youre having protected sex theres no law saying you must tell your partners that you have HIV. Its your choice whether you tell them or not.

However, in England and Wales theres a risk of being prosecuted for reckless transmission of HIV if:

  • you had sex with someone who didnt know you had HIV
  • you knew you had HIV at that time
  • you understood how HIV is transmitted
  • you had sex without a condom, and
  • you transmitted HIV to that person.

The law in Scotland is largely the same, except that a case can also be brought if transmission hasnt taken place but someone has been put at risk of transmission without their consent or knowledge.

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How Do I Tell My Partner I Have Hiv

Having the talk with your sexual partner about your HIV-positive status is never an easy conversation, but it is an important one. By disclosing that you are living with HIV, you can help prevent the transfer of HIV, feel more comfortable in your relationship and relieve the burden of keeping information from your partner. Below are some tips to answer the question: How do I tell my partner I have HIV?

What To Say When Someone Says They Have Hiv

HIV: Can you tell if someone has it? | SexualHealth.com

If a friend or partner tells you that they have HIV, you might be unsure how to respond. But you dont need to know all of the scientific terminology and latest data on HIV to offer comfort and support. Depending on the specific situation and tone, here are five things that you might consider saying when someone tells you their HIV status.

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A Sexually Transmitted Infection

Katie Salerno/Flickr Creative Commons

If you have a sexually transmitted infection , there is a chance you may have HIV as well. The odds may be greater than you think.

Some STIs like syphilis and herpes cause open sores that make it easier for HIV to enter the body. Others like gonorrhea and chlamydia cause inflammation in the genitals that attracts the very immune cells that HIV likes to target and infect.

Having syphilis can increase your risk of HIV by as much as 500%. Other STIs can do the same. Because of this, you should be tested for HIV if you test positive for any STI.

Ask Them To Accompany You To Your Doctor Or Clinic

They can have all their questions professionally answered, and get tested. They can also learn how to best protect themselves, whether one or both of you is HIV-positive. If you are both infected, you still need to use condoms, as there is risk of reinfection.

The newest drug, Truvada, is encouraged for discordant couples, where one of you is HIV-positive and the other is not, and is called pre-exposure prophylaxis, says Professor McIntosh.

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Talking To New Partners

Talking about HIV with someone you are dating casually or someone you met recently may be difficult. You might not know this person very well or know what kind of reaction to expect. When telling a casual partner or someone you are dating, each situation is different and you might use a different approach each time. Sometimes you may feel comfortable being direct and saying, “Before we have sex, I want you to know that I have HIV.”

Other times, you may want to bring it up by saying something like, “Let’s talk about safer sex.” Whichever approach you choose, you should tell the person that you have HIV before you have sex the first time. Otherwise, there may be hurt feelings or mistrust later. Also be sure to take your HIV medications every day and practice safer sex . Whatever way you decide to tell your partner, the tips at the bottom of this page may help.

How Can I Check If I Have Hiv

How would you know if you have hiv, ONETTECHNOLOGIESINDIA.COM

The HIV test is usually painless you just gently rub your cheek with a soft swab after you have been tested. A blood sample may be taken for testing at times. HIV testing kits can be purchased at home and used to test for HIV. OraQuick In-Home HIV Test uses a swab to test your gums and a sample to test your HIV status.

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What Is The Penalty For Giving Someone Hiv

Under PC 120290, it is illegal to have unprotected sex without telling a partner about an STD but only if the intention is to spread it. PC 120290 can be punished by: Up to six months in jail, or even life in prison if it is proven that the person has been infected by the intentional HIV exposure. You can be fined up to $1,000 for each offense.

Other Ways Hiv May Affect Your Life

  • you will not be able to donate blood or organs
  • you will not be able to join the armed forces
  • you may have difficulty getting life insurance to cover a mortgage loan but life insurance is not compulsory when taking out a mortgage unless it’s an endowment mortgage, and there are now specialist life insurance policies for people with HIV

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Who Needs To Know

You do not have to tell everyone that you are living with HIV. It is important that you tell your current and past sexual partners and anyone with whom you have shared drug injection equipment. This way, they can be tested and seek medical attention if needed. If you are afraid or embarrassed to tell them yourself, the health department in your area can notify your sexual or needle-sharing partners without even using your name.

You also need to tell your health care providers to ensure you receive appropriate care. Your health care provider may ask questions to determine if you are at risk for other diseases, such as hepatitis C or other sexually transmitted infections .

Disclosure to Non-HIV Providers: Which providers do you tell that youre living with HIV how do you start that conversation and what is helpful to be prepared for? On this episode of A Girl Like Me LIVE, host Ci Ci Covin explores these questions and more along with The Well Project CAB member Bridgette Picou, a licensed vocational nurse and a woman living with HIV who shares her expertise on both sides of the client-provider relationship.

View other episodes in the A Girl Like Me LIVE series

Can You Sue Someone For Not Disclosing Hiv

Advice If You Are Newly Diagnosed With HIV

In certain circumstances, they may be able to sue you even if they do not become infected with HIV if you do not tell them. You may also be charged with a crime if it is proven that you intended to harm someone else. Crimes such as attempted murder can be used to punish people who knowingly infect others with HIV.

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