Related Questions Answered On Yanswers
- Are cold sores dangerous?
- Q: Are cold sores dangerous?I mean it says it in the name. Its herpes labialis.Im not sure if I had it before but If I did should I be worried?I mean IT IS HERPES were talking about!!Chicken pox is fantasied in children programing and that is a form of herpes, so it wouldnt be that bad. But then again, ITS FREAKING HERPES!! From what Im told at school, this thing is the worst!Its in the same pile as AIDs and HIV. This is depressing.Please tell me I have it all wrong about this.How do you tell you have it? Is there a blood test to determine this?I had something that looked like a cold sore years ago. It had been 6 years since I had that incident reoccur.
- A: its not dangerous BUT you shouldnt pick it, kiss anyone or share drinks they are contagious. They will spread. Tale L-lysine 6,000mg twice per day and a lot of water and it will go away within about 4 days. Yes I know thats a lot of pills but they wonl to stop cold sores if taken in large doses. Also slather blinstex OINTMENT on it and let it dry out. drink a lot of water and keep hydrated. DO NOT pick at it, squeeze it and wash your hands after touching it.
Clinical Spectrum Of Hsv Infection
The hallmark of HSV infection is the development of multiple small painful vesicles on an erythematous base involving a mucocutaneous site. The vesicles ulcerate and then heal by re-epithelialisation. HSV-1 commonly causes orolabial lesions while HSV-2 infects primarily the genital and perinanal regions. Clinical manifestations depend on the site of inoculation, degree of immunosuppression, subtype of HSV and whether the infection is the primary infection or reactivation disease. The incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days . Reactivation disease is generally of shorter duration and consists of milder symptoms, but both primary and reactivation infections are often clinically asymptomatic. It is becoming clear that most people continue to shed HSV during periods when there are no signs or symptoms of disease. Indeed, most HSV transmission occurs during these asymptomatic periods or from a partner who does not realise that he or she is infected.
Proctitis caused by HSV has been described primarily in HIV-infected male patients. It usually presents with fever, pruritus, rectal pain, tenesmus and rectal discharge. Urinary retention, impotence and sacral paraesthesia may be present particularly in primary HSV infection. Sigmoidoscopy often demonstrates ulceration. Concomitant Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection has to be excluded.
HSV eye infections
Recurrent disease and complications
Using Estimates To Inform Prevention Efforts
These estimates are useful for understanding the potential magnitude of the contribution of HSV-2 infection to HIV incidence, which can help stimulate development of new interventions and guide where future prevention efforts would be best targeted for optimal effect.
Although a number of limitations and caveats surround these data, the estimates nevertheless highlight the important link between HSV-2 and HIV infections and suggest that the global contribution of HSV-2 infection to HIV acquisition could be substantial. Addressing HSV-2 infections not only has the potential to reduce the number of people suffering from genital herpes, but could also make an important contribution to HIV prevention.
In settings or populations with high HIV incidence, people with symptoms suggestive of HSV-2 infection could benefit from HIV testing and more focused HIV prevention efforts, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis. In addition, further investment is needed in development of new interventions against HSV-2 infection, such as vaccines, new antivirals, or microbicides.
The authors recognise that no single intervention will likely be sufficient to achieve global HIV prevention goals, and combination measures are needed. These estimates suggest that HSV-2 prevention measures could be an important additional tool in the fight against HIV.
Read Also: Does Walgreens Do Hiv Testing
How Can I Prevent Genital Herpes
If youre sexually active, you can take these steps to protect yourself and others from herpes virus and other STIs:
- Be monogamous with one sexual partner or limit your number of partners.
- Get tested for STIs and complete any needed treatment.
- Tell your sexual partners if you have genital herpes so they can get tested.
- Use condoms, including dental dams during oral sex.
- Wash your hands often if you have an outbreak or are around someone with symptoms.
If your sexual partner has genital herpes, these actions can lower your risk of getting the virus:
- Dont have sex when your partner has active symptoms.
- Make sure your partner takes antiviral medication as prescribed.
- Wait to have sex until scabs fall off.
What Is The Connection Between Hiv And Hbv
Both HIV and HBV spread from person to person in semen, blood, or other body fluids. For this reason, the main risk factors for HIV and HBV are the same: having sex without a condom and injection drug use.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , approximately 10% of people with HIV in the United States also have HBV. Infection with both HIV and HBV is called HIV/HBV coinfection.
Chronic HBV advances faster to cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and liver cancer in people with HIV/HBV coinfection than in people with only HBV infection. But chronic HBV does not appear to cause HIV to advance faster in people with HIV/HBV coinfection.
Recommended Reading: Does Cookie Johnson Have Hiv
What’s Involved In Herpes Testing
If there are blisters or sores, a healthcare provider may gently swab the area to take a fluid sample and test it. If there are no sores, but you are concerned you may have been exposed, a blood test may done. Herpes tests are not normally recommended unless you have symptoms.
Is Aids The Same Thing As Herpes
Is aids the same thing as herpes
- Can you catch herpes hiv std or aids from these following things??
- Sucking your self off is practically impossible, if you tried you would know. You cant get stds from your self. They can be passed on if you masturbate with some one else, or by having regular or oral sex with some one that has an std.
Read Also: Hiv Stays Alive In Dried Blood
How Are Hpv And Herpes Diagnosed
Women aged 30+ are screened for cervical cancer whenever they get a pap test. An abnormal test shows potentially cancerous cells, which could suggest the presence of HPV. At this point, there is no screening test for males. However, the active virus can be diagnosed in men and women during a physical exam just by examining the lesions.
Healthcare providers dont tend to test for herpes unless their patients are showing symptoms. Most healthcare providers can diagnose herpes simply by looking at the lesions. Care teams can swab lesions and send them away for testing to get a definitive herpes diagnosis.
Should People With Hiv Get Tested For Hbv
CDC recommends that all people with HIV get tested for HBV. Testing can detect HBV even when a person has no symptoms of the infection.
There are several HBV blood tests. Results of different tests show different things. For example, a positive hepatitis B surface antigen test result shows that a person has acute or chronic HBV and can spread the virus to others.
Read Also: How To Find Out If Someone Has Hiv Aids
Treatment Options For Hiv
The HIV infection has three stages:
- acute HIV infection
- clinical latency
- stage 3 HIV
Acute HIV infection is often described as having the worst flu ever. This stage presents with typical flu-like symptoms.
In clinical latency, the virus is living in a person and causes few or no symptoms.
In stage 3 HIV, the bodys immune system is badly damaged and vulnerable to opportunistic infections.
Anyone whos newly diagnosed should focus on finding and taking medications that work best for them. The most commonly prescribed medicines fall into these four categories:
- reverse transcriptase inhibitors
- integrase inhibitors
Combination therapy, with multiple drug types, is commonly used.
Although each type of drug fights HIV in a slightly different way, they work either to stop the virus from infecting cells or to stop it from making copies of itself.
With the proper medication and management, its possible that HIV may never progress to a later stage.
You’re More Likely To Get Hiv If Your Partner Has Hiv And An Std
People with both HIV and an STD have more HIV in their semen or vaginal fluid. This makes it easier for a person with an STD or HIV to give the virus to others when having sex without a condom.
Remember, many people who have HIV don’t know it. It can take many years for symptoms to show up. That is why it is so important to use condoms during sex, or not to have sex at all.
Recommended Reading: Does Nba Youngboy Have An Std
Why Does Having An Std Put Me More At Risk For Getting Hiv
If you get an STD, you are more likely to get HIV than someone who is STD-free. This is because the same behaviors and circumstances that may put you at risk for getting an STD also can put you at greater risk for getting HIV. In addition, having a sore or break in the skin from an STD may allow HIV to more easily enter your body. If you are sexually active, get tested for STDs and HIV regularly, even if you dont have symptoms.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
You may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- What is the best treatment for me?
- What are the side effects of antiviral medications?
- How can I reduce the risk of future outbreaks?
- Whats the best way to prevent getting another STI?
- How can I protect my partner from getting genital herpes?
- Should I look out for signs of complications?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Millions of people are living with the herpes virus that causes genital herpes. Its a common STI. You shouldnt be embarrassed or put off seeking medical care if you develop symptoms. Treatments can ease symptoms, reduce outbreaks and protect sexual partners from infection. Having the virus shouldnt affect your relationships or sexual health. However, you do need to tell your sexual partners that you have the virus. Your healthcare provider can discuss ways to prevent spreading this STI.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/23/2020.
You May Like: Cookie Johnson Hiv Positive
You Can Get Genital Herpes From Someone Who Has Oral Herpes
While the two types of herpes generally stay in their genital or oral place, oral-to-genital transmission of HSV-1 is possible. To prevent spread, the American Sexual Health Association recommends abstaining from oral contact, like kissing and oral sex, while experiencing an HSV-1 outbreak, aka cold sores or fever blisters. Otherwise, using a barrier, like a dental dam or a condom, can limit exposure as well.
Herpes & Hiv: Not What You Think
It is always a shock to find out that what you had assumed was true simply is not. That is why clinical trials are so important to science. The unexpected results of a recent trial examining herpes and HIV demonstrates the importance of carrying out controlled trials to test preconceived beliefs.
Up to 90% of women with HIV infection in southern Africa also have genital herpes . Most people who are infected with HSV-2 do not know that they have the virus, which causes symptomatic genital sores and breaks in the skin but is frequently active without symptoms. Multiple studies had shown that infection with herpes was associated with an increased risk for HIV infection. However, whether treatment to suppress HSV-2 would decrease HIV transmission had not been tested.
The Partners in Prevention HSV/HIV Transmission Study, led by the University of Washington and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, looked at whether the use of acyclovir, a drug widely used for the safe and effective suppression of HSV-2, by persons who are infected with both HSV-2 and HIV could reduce the likelihood that they would transmit HIV to their HIV-uninfected partners.
You May Like: Does Nba Youngboy Have Hiv
How Is Genital Herpes Managed Or Treated
If you have mild symptoms or infrequent outbreaks, you might not need or want treatment. During an outbreak, these steps can ease symptoms:
- Apply an ice pack to your genitals. Wrap the ice pack in a washcloth or apply it over your underwear.
- Keep genitals dry. Wear cotton or other nonsynthetic underpants and avoid tight-fitting clothes. Moist sores take longer to heal.
- Soak in a warm bath.
- Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing.
Antiviral medications can prevent outbreaks. They can also lessen symptoms and help symptoms go away faster. You take this medicine as a pill, intravenous injection or skin cream. When taken daily, antivirals can prevent an outbreak. They lower the chances of spreading the virus to other people.
Can I Get Genital Herpes More Than Once
There isnt a cure for HSV-2, the virus that causes genital herpes. Infections can come back . Recurring symptoms are usually milder than the first outbreak. Symptoms dont last as long with later outbreaks. Some people may only have one or two outbreaks during their lifetime. Others may have as many as four or five outbreaks a year.
After infection, the virus moves from skin cells to nerve cells. In the nerve cells, it becomes inactive . Certain things may reactivate the virus, such as:
- Illness or fever.
Read Also: Does Hiv Cause Hair Loss
What Are The Types Of Herpes Viruses
Herpes is a group of contagious viruses. All of these viruses cause blisters and sores. Some of the more common herpes viruses include:
- Type 1: HSV-1, or oral herpes, causes cold sores to form on lips, gums, tongue and inside the mouth. It can cause genital herpes in some cases This type usually spreads through saliva when you kiss someone with open herpes sores. You can also get HSV-1 by sharing items like toothbrushes, lipsticks or eating utensils.
- Type 2: HSV-2 causes genital herpes.
- Herpes zoster: This virus causes chickenpox and shingles.
When To Seek Help
Cold sores usually go away within two weeks or less. Your doctor may prescribe antiviral medications. You can also see your dentist for topical pain relievers to manage pain and to speed up the healing time.
Those cold sores will heal completely. But, because the virus could reach and stay in the nerve roots at the location of blisters, they could reappear anytime. So, it is still important to talk to your physician to avoid reappearance of herpes blisters that could cause fluid-filled sores around the nose and eye area. Cold sores are highly contagious also.
Read Also: Does Cookie Johnson Have Hiv
Difference Between Aids And Herpes
AIDS vs Herpes
Humans have an immune system. This is the organized system of biologic fighters that fend off ordinary colds and flu. This system can seriously be affected when one becomes infected by HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus. As a result, the immune system cannot function normally and, if it does, it is just ineffective. You can therefore die with just a simple cold infection. This is the virus responsible for the popular condition AIDS. Completely known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS is an aggregate of many symptoms.
Even if it has already become a popular knowledge that AIDS can be contracted by way of sex, making it a form of STD, AIDS can also be transmitted through non-sexual acts like: direct mucous membrane contact with an infected semen, blood, vaginal secretions, preseminal secretions and even breast milk. Other than sex, you can therefore get the HIV virus from blood transfusions, injections using infected needles, childbirth and breastfeeding.
There are many type of herpes. One of the most controversial is the genital herpes. It is said that 1 out of 6 persons has herpes in the U.S. alone and it is more common among women. Take note, partners of infected persons can still have sex with them but they just need to employ the necessary protection like condom to minimize the risks.
2. AIDS affects ones immune system unlike Herpes.
What Puts You At Risk For Stds And Hiv
You’re at risk if you:
- Have sex without using a condom, with someone who is infected.
- Have had an STD.
- Have more than one sex partner.
- Are under the influence of drugs and alcohol.
- Many women have STDs without having symptoms. This means that unless she gets tested, she may have an STD and not know it.
- Young women are getting HIV or an STD because the tissue lining the vagina is more fragile.
If you are a woman, take charge of your sexual health. Be sure to schedule pelvic exams and pap smears every year. Get tested and learn how to protect yourself from STDs and HIV.
Read Also: Atlanta Hiv Statistics 2016
What Is The Outlook
No cure exists for either HIV or HPV at this time.
Most of the time, however, HPV causes no long-term health problems. The overall outlook depends on any conditions that result from HPV and screening frequency.
A vaccine for HPV is available for both men and women.
People should get the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12. People who receive the vaccine