New Hiv Diagnoses In The Us And Dependent Areas By Race/ethnicity 2019
* Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
HIV diagnoses are not evenly distributed regionally in the US and dependent areas.
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Hiv Counseling Testing And Referral Sites
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Want to learn more about HIV? HIV 101 is meant to help spark conversations and to share basic knowledge about HIV prevention and treatment.
Do you know your HIV status? To learn about testing and even get a free at-home test kit, visit KnowYourHIVStatus.com.
Are you living with HIV and need help with , or ? Our patient care programs are here for you. You can even apply for assistance online!
Do you want to prevent HIV? !
HIV is a life-threatening virus that damages the body’s immune system and leaves a person vulnerable to opportunistic infections. Because there is no cure, reducing the transmission of HIV while minimizing its effect on those living with it is critical.
Florida has adopted a comprehensive strategic approach to prevent HIV transmission and strengthen patient care activities. Floridas Plan to Eliminate HIV Transmission and Reduce HIV-Related Deaths
Four Key Components
Read on to learn more about each component and related resources.
1. Implement Routine Testing
Everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 should have an HIV test in their lifetime. Those with ongoing risks should be tested more frequently, as should pregnant women, who should be tested in their first and third trimester.
Talk with your health care provider or locate a testing site near you by visiting KnowYourHIVStatus.com.
Do you provide HIV testing? Learn about consent requirements, model protocols and more in our .
Patient Care Resources
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Hiv Statistics And Research
Through case reporting and other studies, the Department of Health continually collects information about the states HIV epidemic. This information is used to help develop effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of HIV.
The Washington State HIV Surveillance Report contains the most up-to-date, comprehensive data about people diagnosed with HIV in Washington. However, the Department also publishes other data products which offer more in-depth information.
For example, HIV Fact Sheets discuss the impact HIV has had on specific populations, and provide details about who is at risk for the disease.
Also, the HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Report, which is published in collaboration with Public Health-Seattle & King County, describes supplemental surveillance projects, needs assessments, and other local research projects focusing on HIV.
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The Global Distribution Of Deaths From Hiv/aids
In some countries HIV/AIDS is the cause of more than a quarter of all deaths
Globally, 1.5% of deaths were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019.
This share is high, but masks the wide variations in the toll of HIV/AIDS across the world. In some countries, this share was much higher.In the interactive map we see the share of deaths which resulted from HIV/AIDS across the world. Across most regions the share was low: across Europe, for example, it accounted for less than 0.1% of deaths.
But across some countries focused primarily in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa the share is very high. More than 1-in-4 of deaths in South Africa were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019. The share was also very high across Botswana Mozambique Namibia Zambia Kenya and Congo .
Death rates are high across Sub-Saharan Africa
The large health burden of HIV/AIDS across Sub-Saharan Africa is also reflected in death rates. Death rates measure the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS per 100,000 individuals in a country or region.
In the interactive map we see the distribution of death rates across the world. Most countries have a rate of less than 10 deaths per 100,000 often much lower, below 5 per 100,000. Across Europe the death rate is less than one per 100,000.
Across Sub-Saharan Africa the rates are much higher. Most countries in the South of the region had rates greater than 100 per 100,000. In South Africa and Mozambique, it was over 200 per 100,000.
Impact Across The Country
- Although HIV has been reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. dependencies, the impact of the epidemic is not uniformly distributed.
- Ten states accounted for about two-thirds of HIV diagnoses among adults and adolescents in 2019 .31 Regionally, the South accounted for more than half of HIV diagnoses in 2019.32
- Rates of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 provide a different measure of the epidemicâs impact, since they reflect the concentration of diagnoses after accounting for differences in population size across states. The District of Columbia has the highest rate in the nation, compared to states, nearly 3 times the national rate and Georgia was the state with highest rate , twice that of the national rate.33,34 Nine of the top 10 states by rate are in the South.35
- New HIV diagnoses are concentrated primarily in large U.S. metropolitan areas , with Miami, Orlando, and Atlanta topping the list of the areas most heavily burdened.36
|Table 1: Top Ten States/Areas by Number and Rate of New HIV Diagnoses , 2019
|CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 vol. 32. May 2021.
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Objectives Strategies And Priority Populations
For stakeholders across the nation, the National HIV/AIDS Strategy:
- Details 21 objectives and 78 strategies for federal and nonfederal stakeholders to implement to achieve the goals.
- Designates five priority populations disproportionately impacted by HIV so that federal agencies and other stakeholders can focus efforts and resources to achieve the greatest impact.
- Identifies nine core indicators to monitor national progress, establishes a disparity indicator stratified by the priority populations to measure progress toward reducing significant HIV-related disparities, and identifies the topic of a new indicator to be developed.
States With The Highest Rates Of Hiv
These numbers are based on the CDCs HIV Surveillance Report.
California has the highest number of people living with HIV of 128,153, a rate of 389.7 people with HIV per 100,000 residents. Of those living with HIV in California, the largest group is White with 48,155 people and the second-largest is Hispanic/Latino with 48,029.
New York has the second-highest number of people living with HIV of 126,495, a rate of 760.2 per 100,000. This rate is more than double that of Californias. The largest group living with HIV in New York is Black/African American with 47,164 people living with the virus.
Florida has 110,034 people living with HIV, the third-highest number in the United States. Floridas HIV rate is 612.3 per 100,000. The group with the highest number of people living with HIV is Black/African American with 49,943.
Texas has the fourth-highest number of people living with HIV in the United States of 88,099, translating to a rate of 382.9 per 100,000 people. The largest group living with the virus is Black/African American with 31,915 people, followed by Hispanic/Latino with 29,758.
Georgia has 52,528 people living with HIV, a rate of 608.8 per 100,000. This is the fifth-highest in the country. A majority of those infected with the virus are Black/African American, totaling 35,974.
Here are the 10 states with the highest rates of HIV:
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Are Some Regions Of The United States More Impacted By Hiv Than Others
Yes. HIV is largely an urban disease, with most cases occurring in metropolitan areas with 500,000 or more people. The South has the highest number of people living with HIV, but if population size is taken into account, the Northeast has the highest rate of people living with HIV.
*Rates per 100,000 people. Includes adults, adolescents, and children under the age of 13.
Hiv Statistics By State 2022
Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that weakens a persons immune system by attacking cells that fight off infection, specifically a persons CD4 cells. HIV is spread through body fluids such as blood. If HIV goes untreated and advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. Unlike most other viruses, when a person contracts HIV, they have it for life because the human body cannot fight off the virus entirely. HIV, however, can be controlled and its progression can be slowed significantly. There are three stages of HIV: acute HIV infection, clinical latency , and AIDS.
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Rural Hiv Prevalence And Service Availability In The United States: A Chartbook
This chartbook examines 2016 HIV prevalence and the availability of HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services across the rural-urban continuum and by U.S. census region. Publicly available county-level HIV prevalence data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state-produced HIV surveillance reports were used to estimate HIV prevalence across the rural-urban continuum. HIV prevalence data include all diagnoses of HIV infection, with or without a stage 3 diagnosis. Geocoded data on organizations that provide prevention, testing, and treatment services related to HIV were obtained from the National Prevention Information Network.
HIV prevalence is higher in urban counties than rural counties , with prevalence decreasing with increasing level of rurality. HIV prevalence in urban counties is higher than HIV prevalence in rural counties in all but two states . The Northeast has the highest HIV prevalence followed by the South , West , and Midwest .
Analyses of the availability of HIV-related services show that compared with urban counties, a smaller proportion of rural counties have organizations that provided HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services. The findings of this study may help inform policies that augment rural HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and outbreak response efforts.
Key Points: Hiv Diagnoses
In 2020, MSM were the population most affected by HIV in the U.S.:
- In 2020, MSM accounted for 71% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States.f
- In 2020, Black/African American MSM accounted for 26% of new HIV diagnoses and 39% of diagnoses among all MSM.
- In 2020, Hispanic/Latino MSM made up 21% of new HIV diagnoses and 31% of diagnosis among all MSM.
- From 2016 to 2019, HIV diagnoses decreased 7% among gay and bisexual men overall. But trends varied for different groups of gay and bisexual men.
Transgender people accounted for approximately 2% of the 30,635 new HIV diagnoses in 2020.
- Transgender womeng accounted for 2% of new diagnoses.
- Transgender menh accounted for less than 1% of new diagnoses.
People who acquired HIV through heterosexual contact made up 22% of HIV diagnoses in the U.S. in 2020.
- People assigned male sex at birth who acquired HIV through heterosexual contact accounted for 7% of new HIV diagnoses.
- People assigned female sex at birth who acquired HIV through heterosexual women accounted for 15%.
- From 2016 to 2019, HIV diagnoses from heterosexual contact decreased 13% overall.
People who inject drugs accounted for 7% of new HIV infections in the U.S. and 6 dependent areas in 2020.
- Men who inject drugs accounted for 4% of new HIV diagnoses.
- Women who inject drugs accounted for 3% of new HIV diagnoses.
Blacks/African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV:
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New Hiv Diagnoses In The Us And Dependent Areas For The Most
NOTE: Subpopulations representing 2% or less of all people who received an HIV diagnosis in 2019 are not represented in this chart.* Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
In 2019, transgender people accounted for 2% of the 36,801 new HIV diagnoses.
- Male-to-female d transgender people accounted for 2% of new HIV diagnoses.
- Female-to-male e transgender people accounted for less than 1% of new HIV diagnoses.
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How Have Deaths From Hiv/aids Changed Over Time
Global deaths from HIV/AIDS halved within a decade
The world has made significant progress against HIV/AIDS. Global deaths from AIDS have halved over the past decade.
In the visualization we see the global number of deaths from HIV/AIDS in recent decades this is shown by age group. In the early 2000s 2004 to 2005 global deaths reached their peak at almost 2 million per year.
Driven mostly by the development and availability of antiretroviral therapy , global deaths have halved since then. In 2017, just under one million died from the disease.
You can explore this change for any country or region using the change country toggle on the interactive chart.
HIV/AIDS once accounted for more than 1-in-3 deaths in some countries, but rates are now falling
Global progress on HIV/AIDS has been driven by large improvements in countries which were most affected by the HIV epidemic.
Today the share of deaths remains high: more than 1-in-4 deaths in some countries are caused by HIV/AIDS. But in the past this share was even higher.In the visualization we see the change in the share of deaths from HIV/AIDS over time. From the 1990s through to the early 2000s, it was the cause of greater than 1-in-3 deaths in several countries. In Zimbabwe, it accounted for more than half of annual deaths in the late 1990s.
We see that over the past decade this share has fallen as antiretoviral treatment has become more widely available.
Children living with HIV
New HIV infections of children
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Hiv Prevalence Rate Ratios By Race/ethnicity 2020
The rate of Black males living with an HIV diagnosis is 5.6 times that of White males.
The rate of Hispanic/Latino males living with an HIV diagnosis is 2.8 times that of White males.
The rate of Black females living with an HIV diagnosis is 17.1 times that of White females.
The rate of Hispanic/Latina females living with an HIV diagnosis is 4.5 times that of White females.
Social Determinants Of Health 2020
Percent of Population with a High School Education, 2020 88.5%
Income Inequality , 2020 0.482
Percent of Population Living in Poverty, 2020 12.8%
Median Household Income, 2020 $64,994
Percent of Population Lacking Health Insurance, 2020 10.4%
Percent of Population Unemployed, 2020 8.1%
Percent of Population Living with Food Insecurity, 2018-2020 10.7%
Percent of Population Living in Unstable Housing, 2020 14.2%
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Illinois Medical Monitoring Project
MMP is a supplemental surveillance project conducted by the Illinois Department of Public Health , in collaboration with CDC and the Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration . Illinois is 1 of 26 project areas nationwide that have been funded to conduct MMP. A sample of 600 HIV infected individuals is selected each year from the National HIV Surveillance System. These individuals must be at least 18 years old and diagnosed with HIV. People who are selected are asked to participate in an interview during which they answer questions about their behavior and HIV medical care. They also give the MMP project staff permission to review their medical chart. The goals of the project are to provide local and national estimates for the population in care for HIV. Information will be gathered on the following:
- Type and quality of care received
- Met and unmet needs for HIV care and prevention services
Hiv/aids Case Reporting And Guidelines
State regulations identify HIV and AIDS as reportable diseases and mandate that healthcare professionals licensed by the Department report HIV and AIDS cases. Effective January 1, 2006, cases of HIV infection must be reported by name to the HIV Surveillance Program at the Illinois Department of Public Health. AIDS cases have been reported to the Illinois Department of Public Health this way since 1981. Every healthcare professional must report each case in which the healthcare professional has diagnosed or treated a case of AIDS or HIV infection. If an individual was previously reported using a patient code number , the Department expects the individual to be re-reported by name.
The IDPH HIV Surveillance Unit prepared a training video intended for staff at any facility in Illinois that conducts HIV/AIDS testing. The purpose of the training is to inform medical facilities of the requirements associated with HIV case reporting and provide guidance on proper reporting in order to remain in compliance with CDC reporting requirements.
For National Surveillance Information, see Resources in the right-hand column.
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Impact On Communities Of Color
- Racial and ethnic minorities have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic, and represent the majority of new HIV diagnoses, people living with HIV disease, and deaths among people with HIV.37,38
- Black and Latino people account for a disproportionate share of new HIV diagnoses, relative to their size in the U.S. population .39,40 Black people also account for more people living with HIV than any other racial group â an estimated 479,300 of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the U.S. are black.41
- Black people also have the highest rate of new HIV diagnoses, followed by Latino people â in 2019, the rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 for Black people was about 8 times that of white people Latino people had a rate 4 times that of white people.42
- Black people accounted for close to half of deaths among people with an HIV diagnosis in 2019.43,44
- Survival after an AIDS diagnosis is lower for Black people than for most other racial/ethnic groups, and Black people have had the highest age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease throughout most of the epidemic.45 HIV ranks higher as a cause of death for Black and Latino people, compared with White people.46 Further, HIV was the 6th leading cause of death for Black people ages 25-34 in 2019.47