Tuesday, October 4, 2022

What Does Hiv Cause In The Body

What Damage Does Hiv Cause

How HIV infects us: Mucous membranes, dendritic cells, and lymph nodes | Khan Academy

It is possible to lose significant weight when HIV/AIDS is not treated, often accompanied by diarrhea, chronic weakness, and fevers. Complications with the neurological system. In addition to confusion, forgetfulness, depression, anxiety, and difficulty walking, HIV can also cause neurological symptoms.

What Conditions Are Considered To Be Opportunistic

Some of the most common of these OIs/cancers among HIV-positive people include:

Cancer: The types of cancers that are you are more likely to get if you have AIDs include lymphoma, Kaposis sarcoma, invasive cervical cancer, anal cancer, liver cancer, and cancers of the mouth, throat and lungs.

Candidiasis : This condition is caused by Candida fungus. It can happen in the skin, nails and mucous membranes throughout the body, such as the mouth or the vagina. The cases can be troublesome, but thrush is especially dangerous when it affects the esophagus or parts of the respiratory system .

Pneumonia: This respiratory condition is most commonly caused by _Pneumocystis jirovecii and the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae._

Salmonella: This infection is spread through contaminated food and water. It causes diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.

Toxoplasmosis: This disease is caused by a parasites that live in cats and rodents and other warm-blooded animals. The infection is spread through the feces. Toxoplasmosis can cause severe problems in the lungs, heart, brain and other organs. If you have a cat, wear gloves to change the litter and be thorough in washing your hands.

Whats The Pr Campaign Trying To Hide

Were looking at several big puzzle pieces here:

  • Prince Harry and others reminding everyone about the importance to get tested for HIV
  • U.K. and U.S. governments simultaneously promising to eradicate AIDS by 2030
  • The discovery of a new, more infectious and dangerous HIV strain
  • Emerging data suggesting the COVID jabs erode your immune function
  • The theoretical possibility that the COVID jab might raise peoples risk of HIV infection, thus possibly triggering an avalanche of AIDS cases in the near future
  • Could the focus on HIV testing, especially in combination with the warning of a new HIV strain, be an effort to hide the fact that the COVID jabs are destroying peoples immune function, and possibly promoting HIV infection?

    Perhaps. But theres also another possibility. The same week as Prince Harrys media appearance and the publication of the new HIV strain, Moderna also announced its launch of a human trial for the worlds first mRNA HIV vaccine. The timing of all of these reports strongly indicate that this is a coordinated PR plan.

    Read Also: How Long Can Hiv Be Dormant In Your System

    Can You Fully Recover From Hiv

    HIV can be treated with antiretroviral therapy, which can control the virus, but it is not possible to cure it. People with HIV can live long and healthy lives with this treatment. A functional cure is most often aimed at permanently reducing HIV levels to undetectable and harmless levels in the body, but some residual HIV may still exist.

    Hiv Effects On The Digestive System

    Hiv Case Study Presentation

    More than half of people who have AIDS report digestive symptoms as the virus or an opportunistic infection targets the walls of their intestines. Diarrhea is the most common one. Over time, the virus can change how your digestive tract works and even how it looks.

    Liver

    Some HIV medications can damage your liver. Many people with HIV also have a form of inflammation called hepatitis.

    Limit how much alcohol you drink, and don’t use recreational drugs. Having diabetes, high cholesterol, or triglycerides and being overweight can lead to fatty liver disease, so keep an eye on the carbs, fats, and calories you eat each day.

    Talk to your doctor about getting the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines. Thereâs no vaccine against hepatitis C, but you should get tested for it.

    Get regular blood tests to catch any liver problems early.

    Mouth

    Your mouth might be one of the first places where you notice signs of HIV. Things like dry mouth, fungal infections, gum disease, cold sores, and canker sores can make chewing or swallowing painful. If they go on too long, you might not be able to take your HIV medication or get the nutrients you need.

    Good dental habits can help prevent these issues, so brush and floss regularly. See your dentist for checkups, and tell them if youâre having problems. Most mouth conditions tied to HIV are treatable.

    Don’t Miss: Nba Youngboy Got Herpes

    When You Get Hiv

    Many people with HIV wonât have any symptoms at first. But gradually, different ones will appear — though theyâre not the same for everyone. The disease manifestations can be divided into 3 stages: acute HIV , chronic HIV , and late stage . Early detection and treatment can prevent more serious illness.s.

    Hiv Effects On The Skeletal System

    People who have the virus tend to lose bone faster than people who donât. Your bones may get brittle and can break more easily. Your hips, especially, may hurt and feel weak.

    Things that might cause this include the virus itself, the inflammation it causes, the medicines you take to treat HIV or related illnesses , and an unhealthy lifestyle. It might also be from a vitamin D deficiency, which is common in people who have HIV.

    To help keep your bones in good shape:

    • Make sure you get plenty of calcium and vitamin D.
    • Exercise in ways that put weight on your bones, like walking or lifting weights.
    • Don’t smoke, and limit how much alcohol you drink.
    • Ask your doctor to check your vitamin D level.

    Talk to your doctor about supplements or other medications to help your bones.

    Don’t Miss: Hiv Hair Loss Symptom

    How Hiv Infects The Body

    HIV infects the immune system, causing progressive damage and eventually making it unable to fight off infections.

    The virus attaches itself to immune system cells called CD4 lymphocyte cells, which protect the body against various bacteria, viruses and other germs.

    Once attached, it enters the CD4 cells and uses it to make thousands of copies of itself. These copies then leave the CD4 cells, killing them in the process.

    This process continues until eventually the number of CD4 cells, also called your CD4 count, drops so low that your immune system stops working.

    This process may take up to 10 years, during which time you’ll feel and appear well.

    Page last reviewed: 22 April 2021 Next review due: 22 April 2024

    How Does Acute Hiv Affect The Body

    What is #HIV? The Signs and #Symptoms of HIV and How HIV is Transmitted

    Once a person contracts HIV, the acute infection takes place immediately.

    Symptoms of the acute infection may take place days to weeks after the virus has been contracted. During this time, the virus is multiplying rapidly in the body, unchecked.

    This initial HIV stage can result in flu-like symptoms. Examples of these symptoms include:

    However, not all people with HIV experience initial flu-like symptoms.

    The flu symptoms are due to the increase of copies of HIV and widespread infection in the body. During this time, the amount of CD4 cells starts to fall very quickly. The immune system then kicks in, causing CD4 levels to rise once again. However, the CD4 levels may not return to their pre-HIV height.

    In addition to potentially causing symptoms, the acute stage is when people with HIV have the greatest chance of transmitting the virus to others. This is because HIV levels are very high at this time. The acute stage typically lasts between several weeks and months.

    Also Check: How Long Does It Take To Become Undetectable Hiv

    Stage : Acute Hiv Infection

    Within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV, about two-thirds of people will have a flu-like illness. This is the bodys natural response to HIV infection.

    Flu-like symptoms can include:

    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Mouth ulcers

    These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. But some people do not have any symptoms at all during this early stage of HIV.

    Dont assume you have HIV just because you have any of these symptomsthey can be similar to those caused by other illnesses. But if you think you may have been exposed to HIV, get an HIV test.

    Heres what to do:

    What Are The Symptoms Of Hiv

    Some people get flu-like symptoms a month or two after they have been infected. This is called the acute stage. These symptoms often go away within a week to a month.

    You can have HIV for many years before feeling ill. This is called clinical latency or the chronic stage.

    AIDS is the most severe stage of HIV infection. In this stage, the immune system has been weakened by the HIV virus and is less able to fight off infections. Opportunistic infections are infections that could generally be fought off by a healthy immune system. In order to be diagnosed with AIDS, you have to have fewer than 200 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter of blood , OR you must have developed what are called opportunistic infections or certain cancers. You can develop AIDS even if your CD4 count is not 200 or lower.

    Recommended Reading: Does Nba Youngboy Have Aids

    Antiretroviral Treatment And The Hiv Lifecycle

    Antiretroviral treatment for HIV combines several different types of drugs, each of which targets a different stage in the HIV lifecycle. This means that the replication of HIV is stopped on multiple fronts, making it very effective.

    If taken correctly, it keeps the immune system healthy, prevents the symptoms and illnesses associated with AIDS from developing, and means that people can enjoy long and healthy lives.

    If someone doesnt take their treatment correctly or consistently , the level of HIV in their blood may increase and the drugs may no longer work. This is known as developing drug resistance.

    Hiv Effects On The Circulatory System

    What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?  PREVENTION NYC

    Several things make your chances of heart-related problems go up. Because HIV affects your immune system, your body will be inflamed as it tries to fight the infection, like itâs on a constant simmer. This kind of inflammation has been linked to heart disease.

    Some drugs you take for HIV can also make heart disease more likely. They can cause insulin resistance, which makes you more likely to get diabetes, and problems breaking down fats. Diabetes, in turn, raises your risk of heart disease. You might need medicines to control your blood sugar and cholesterol.

    If you smoke, quit. Eat a variety of vegetables and fruits, plenty of whole grains, and foods with omega-3 fatty acids. Choose lean cuts of meat and low-fat dairy products. Exercise, like taking a brisk walk, for 20 to 30 minutes most days of the week.

    If you’re carrying extra weight, losing as little as 5 or 10 pounds could make a big difference.

    You May Like: How Long Does Hiv

    What Are The Factors That Affect Disease Progression

    The most important factor affecting HIV progression is the ability to achieve viral suppression. Taking antiretroviral therapy regularly helps many people slow the progression of HIV and reach viral suppression.

    However, a variety of factors affect HIV progression, and some people progress through the phases of HIV more quickly than others.

    Factors that affect HIV progression can include:

    • Ability to achieve viral suppression. Whether someone can take their antiretroviral medications and achieve viral suppression is the most important factor by far.
    • Age when symptoms start. Being older can result in faster progression of HIV.
    • Health before treatment. If a person had other diseases, such as tuberculosis, hepatitis C, or other sexually transmitted diseases , it can affect their overall health.
    • Timing of diagnosis. Another important factor is how soon a person was diagnosed after they contracted HIV. The longer between their diagnosis and treatment, the more time the disease has to progress unchecked.
    • Lifestyle. Practicing an unhealthy lifestyle, such as having a poor diet and experiencing severe stress, can cause HIV to progress more quickly.
    • Genetic history. Some people seem to progress more quickly through their disease given their genetic makeup.

    Some factors can delay or slow the progression of HIV. These include:

    Living a healthy lifestyle and seeing a healthcare provider regularly can make a big difference in a persons overall health.

    Stage : Clinical Latency

    In this stage, the virus still multiplies, but at very low levels. People in this stage may not feel sick or have any symptoms. This stage is also called chronic HIV infection.

    Without HIV treatment, people can stay in this stage for 10 or 15 years, but some move through this stage faster.

    If you take HIV medicine every day, exactly as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load, you can protect your health and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to your sexual partner.

    But if your viral load is detectable, you can transmit HIV during this stage, even when you have no symptoms. Its important to see your health care provider regularly to get your viral load checked.

    Also Check: Hiv To Aids Time

    Can Hiv Be Prevented

    To reduce the risk of getting HIV, people who are sexually active should:

    • use a condom every time they have sex
    • get tested for HIV and make sure all partners do too
    • reduce their number of sexual partners
    • get tested and treated for STDs having an STD increases the risk of HIV infection
    • consider taking a medicine every day if they are at very high risk of getting infected

    For everyone:

    • Do not inject drugs or share any kind of needle.
    • Do not share razors or other personal objects that may touch blood.
    • Do not touch anyone else’s blood from a cut or sore.

    How Are Hiv And Aids Treated

    How HIV Causes Disease

    Medicines can help people with HIV stay healthy. They can also prevent HIV from progressing to AIDS.

    Health care providers prescribe a combination of different medicines for people with HIV and AIDS. They must be taken exactly as prescribed or they won’t work. These medicines:

    • help keep the number of CD4 cells high
    • reduce the viral load of HIV

    Regular blood tests will check the number of CD4 cells in the body and the viral load.

    If an HIV-positive person’s CD4 count gets low, doctors prescribe daily antibiotics. This prevents pneumocystis pneumonia, which happens in people with weakened immune systems.

    You May Like: Hiv Screen 4th Generation Wrfx Nonreactive

    Hiding Injuries Or Manufacturing Need For Vaccine Or Both

    So, to recap, the medias focus on AIDS testing and the emergence of a more infectious strain of HIV may well be a coordinated effort to both:

    a) Hide devastating COVID jab effects, and

    b) Manufacture the perception that we have an urgent need for an HIV vaccine

    If true, just think how sick that is. A widely-pushed mRNA injection for one pandemic causes a second pandemic that is worse than the first, allowing them to roll out a second mRNA vaccine. That second injection then erodes immune function even more, giving rise to a third epidemic and another injection. Where does it end? This plan has failure written all over it.

    When I first learned of the mRNA COVID jab, it immediately struck me as a bad idea. There were several blatantly obvious mechanisms by which they might cause harm. Today, those concerns are borne out in injury and death statistics. The possibility for things to go wrong with an mRNA HIV vaccine is also assured, if you ask me. As reported by Bloomberg, the entire premise behind it is speculative.

    The Moderna HIV vaccine will target a certain subset of B-cells known to loosely bind to HIV. The idea is that by prodding these B-cells with mRNA instructions, delivered through a series of shots, they might develop the capacity to produce neutralizing antibodies against HIV.

    Talk To A Healthcare Provider

    If a person has HIV, theyâll probably experience one or more of these skin conditions and rashes.

    However, getting diagnosed in the early stages of HIV, starting treatment soon after, and adhering to a treatment regimen will help people avoid the more severe symptoms. Keep in mind that many skin conditions associated with HIV will improve with antiretroviral therapy.

    Also Check: Nba Youngboy Have Herpes

    Side Effects Of Hiv Drugs

    Some common HIV medications can also cause rashes, including:

    Based on their environment and the strength of their immune system, an individual can have more than one of these conditions at the same time. Treatment might need to address them individually or all at once.

    If a rash is present on the skin, consider discussing symptoms with a healthcare provider. Theyâll assess the type of rash, consider current medications, and prescribe a treatment plan to relieve the symptoms.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Later Hiv

    Figure: HIV/AIDS

    As HIV weakens someones immune system, they may experience signs of other illnesses:

    • weight loss
    • an increase in herpes or cold sore outbreaks
    • swollen glands in the groin, neck or armpit
    • long-lasting diarrhoea
    • tiredness.

    But remember: people who dont have HIV can also get any of these they can be the signs of other illnesses.

    A weakened immune system may leave someone more open to serious infections such as:

    • tuberculosis

    Recommended Reading: Hiv Gestation Period

    What Should I Do If I Think I Could Have Hiv

    Only an HIV test can tell you whether you have HIV.

    Try not to guess based on any symptoms you may or may not have, or on the HIV status of a person you have had sex with.

    If you test, tell whoever tests you if youve recently taken risks or had symptoms similar to seroconversion illness, as this will affect the kind of HIV test you should have.

    To be on the safe side, and until you know your test result, use condoms to protect anyone you have sex with.

    You can also call THT Direct on 0808 802 1221.

    Popular Articles
    Related news