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How Does Hiv Affect The Body
Posted By Claudia on Aug 9, 2018 |
HIV is one of the most dreaded diseases of the 21st century. Its origin dates back to 1981 when it was first diagnosed in 5 homosexuals in the city of Los Angeles, in the United States. Back then it was referred to as the GRID a short form for Gay-Related Immune Deficiency because it was only believed to affect only homosexuals. Later that theory was thrown away after cases were reported from all over, and after it was discovered that it affects anybody.
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Today HIV has reached its proportions, hitting across all nations of the word and is considered the most dangerous disease. Significant advancements have been made in the fields of medications and mass awareness as nations gather efforts to fight this dreaded disease. However, even with the much talk about HIV, people are always constantly warned about the disease but are seldom told how HIV affects the body.
So how does HIV does affects the body?
Managing Stress And Supporting Mental Health
Anyone who has concerns about their mental or emotional health should let a healthcare professional know. Some available treatments can improve a persons quality of life and help them cope with other pressures.
Some nonmedical ways of managing stress and mood disorders include:
- relaxation activities, mindfulness, and meditation
- alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, massage, and aromatherapy
- art or music therapies
A woman with HIV can become pregnant and deliver a healthy baby. However, it is important to take precautions to avoid passing on the virus to the baby.
These measures include:
- staying in close contact with the doctor or midwife
- taking HIV treatments exactly as prescribed
- having a cesarean delivery, in most cases
- the doctor giving special medication that combats HIV to the newborn
- refraining from breastfeeding
In 99% of cases, when the doctor and mother follow the guidelines above, the baby does not have HIV, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
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What Does Ecstasy Feel Like
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Does Pep Weaken The Immune System
Does Pep lower your immune system? 32Theoretically, it is possible that these medications can weaken the immune system when utilized this manner and may actually increase that the threat of HIV disease if an exposure occurs. If danger of esophageal exposure is deemed high, research PEP for hepatitis.
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Swollen Lymph Nodes Diagnosis
Your doctor will start by asking you about your medical history and giving you a physical exam. They might be able to get an idea of what’s making your glands swell by where they are in your body.
They also may recommend one of these tests to find out more about what’s going on:
Ultrasound. High-frequency sound waves are used to let your doctor see whatâs happening inside your body.
Magnetic resonance imaging scan . A powerful magnet and radio waves are used to make detailed images of your organs and tissues.
Biopsy. Lymph node tissue is removed and looked at under a microscope.
CT scan. A series of X-rays are taken from different angles and put together to form a more complete picture.
What Do Contractions Feel Like
What Do Braxton Hicks Contractions Feel Like? Braxton Hicks contractions can feel like very mild cramps or more intense pains. The pain of Braxton Hicks is usually felt at the front of the abdomen, and the intensity of these contractions may ebb and flow for example, they could feel weaker, then stronger, then weaker again.
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Can Pep Cause Flu
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any flu-like symptoms, skin rash, fever, swollen glands, or severe fatigue 2-14 weeks after exposure. What happens next? While on PEP, you may have blood tests to monitor for possible side effects. After you finish PEP, you will have blood tests to monitor you for HIV.
Aids Is The Final Stage
Controlling HIV with medications is crucial to both maintaining quality of life and helping prevent progression of the disease. Stage 3 HIV, also known as AIDS, develops when HIV has significantly weakened the immune system.
According to the CDC National Prevention Information Network, CD4 levels give one indication that HIV has progressed to its final stage. CD4 levels decreasing below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood is considered a sign of AIDS. A normal range is considered 500 to 1,600 cells/mm3.
AIDS can be diagnosed with a blood test to measure CD4. Sometimes its also determined simply by a persons overall health. In particular, an infection thats rare in people who dont have HIV may indicate AIDS. Symptoms of AIDS include:
- persistent high fevers of over 100°F
AIDS is the final stage of HIV. According to AIDSinfo, it takes at least 10 years without treatment for most people with HIV to develop AIDS.
At that point, the body is susceptible to a wide range of infections and cant effectively fight them off. Medical intervention is necessary to treat AIDS-related illnesses or complications that can otherwise be fatal. Without treatments, the CDC estimates the average survival rate to be three years once AIDS is diagnosed. Depending on the severity of their condition, a persons outlook may be significantly shorter.
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How Do You Feel When You Have Hiv
Around two to four weeks after getting human immunodeficiency virus , the patient may experience the following symptoms
- Upset stomach
- Joint aches and pains
As the disease progresses, the patient may remain symptomless for quite some time. This stage is also known as clinical latency. During this stage, the virus multiplies at a low level. Without treatment, the patient may remain in this stage for 10 to 15 years. However, the virus remains active during this stage.
If left untreated, HIV progresses to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome . AIDS can weaken the immune system causing several opportunistic diseases. The patient may experience the following severe symptoms in this stage:
- Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin or neck
- Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
- Sores of the mouth, anus or genitals
How Is Aids Diagnosed
Symptoms such as fever, weakness, and weight loss may be a sign that a persons HIV has advanced to AIDS. However, a diagnosis of AIDS is based on the following criteria:
- A drop in CD4 count to less than 200 cells/mm3. A CD4 count measures the number of CD4 cells in a sample of blood.OR
- The presence of certain opportunistic infections.
Although an AIDS diagnosis indicates severe damage to the immune system, HIV medicines can still help people at this stage of HIV infection.
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Symptoms Of Swollen Lymph Nodes
The most common signs are:
Tenderness or pain in your lymph nodes
Swelling that makes your lymph nodes the size of a kidney bean or possibly larger
Because swollen lymph nodes are usually linked to some type of illness, you might also have other symptoms, depending on what that illness is:
Runny nose, sore throat, or fever
Swelling of clusters of lymph nodes in different places in your body
Hard lymph nodes that wonât move or get bigger quickly
Neurological Complications Of Hiv
HIV can cause many different conditions that affect your brain and central nervous system. Neurological issues can come from damage the virus itself does, or from diseases that develop, like infections and cancers associated with HIV/AIDS.8
Neurological complications of HIV include:
- Inflammation in the brain and spinal cord
- Damage to the nerves, causing pain or weakness
- Difficulty walking
- Loss of hearing and vision
- Difficulty walking
These neurological issues usually dont occur until HIV has developed into its advanced stages.
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Sore Throat Hiv Symptoms
Posted By Claudia on Aug 8, 2018 |
HIV has been known to trigger a sore throat. Acute sore throat symptoms range from pain, irritation, and inflammation inside the throat. The burning sensation inside the throat is very annoying and painful. There are many reasons that cause soreness, but some are very common.
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Sore throat symptoms among the people who have HIV may vary depending from person to person and the strength of his/her immunity system. But some sore throat HIV symptoms are common like body fever, nausea, headache, stomach pain, rashes, body ache, and malaise. All these symptoms do not mean that you are suffering from strep throat as they can also be a symptom of some other disease. Causes of pain are mainly due to HIV which causes infection in areas like pharynx, tonsillitis, larynx, and epiglottitis. There are studies conducted by different medical institutions and agencies stating that HIV virus and bacteria grow in ideal warmer conditions. Moisture and humid climate give them more boost to flourish, thats why in rainy seasons and changing seasons account to more reports. Along with a cough and cold, viruses tend to add other outcomes like a runny nose.
What Does Dying Feel Like
Does dying hurt? Interestingly, James Hallenbeck of Stanford University describes the first feelings of death as the loss of sensation. First hunger and then thirst are lost. Speech is lost next, followed by vision. The last senses to go are usually hearing and touch. You feel like youre in a dream
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Hiv And Mental Health
Receiving a diagnosis of HIV and living with the condition can have significant effects on a persons mental health.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, people living with HIV are twice as likely to have depression than those without HIV. They are also at a higher risk for mood, anxiety, and cognitive disorders.
There are specific sources of stress relating to the condition, such as having to find and manage medical support, managing the lifelong use of medications, and dealing with the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV.
Some antiretroviral drugs may also cause mental health side effects, such as anxiety.
Many mental health problems are treatable. Talking therapies, medications, and social support can all help.
The CDC provide a list of services that can help people manage the stigma and discrimination linked with HIV and receive additional support.
For more information about where to find support when living with HIV, people can visit the HIV.gov website.
Hiv Rashes Caused By Medication
Drugs that treat HIV and related infections can trigger rashes. These often go away several days or weeks after you stop taking the drug. Talk with your doctor before stopping any medication.
If you have a rash along with fever, fatigue, headache, muscle pains, upset stomach, vomiting, and belly pain, you might have a âhypersensitivity reaction,â which can happen with several HIV medications, including:
- Abacavir and medications that have abacavir in them
Get medical help right away if you have those symptoms or if you have:
- Painful red or purplish rash
- Blisters that spread on your skin and around your mouth, nose, and eyes
These could be signs of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a severe form of hypersensitivity reaction. Itâs rare but can be life-threatening.
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What Can Effective Hiv Treatment Do
HIV medication keeps you healthy so you can live a normal lifespan.
Treatment can also reduce your viral load to undetectable levels so that you wont be able to pass on HIV to anyone else. It can take up to six months from starting treatment to become undetectable, so its important to test and start treatment on time.
Days To 20 Years After Exposure
The chronic stage of infection occurs once the immune system brings the virus under control. During this phase, HIV will go into hiding, where it resides in various cells and tissues throughout the body in a dormant state known as latency. HIV latency can persist without symptoms for 10 years or more, although some people may experience signs within a year or two.
During the early chronic phase, lymphadenopathy may be the only notable sign of an HIV infection. In some cases, the glands may be visibly enlarged and reach up to an inch or more in size. If the condition persists for more than three months, its referred to as persistent generalized lymphadenopathy .
Even during latency, the virus will multiple imperceptibly and gradually deplete immune cells known as CD4 T-cells. As immune deficiency develops, a number of nonspecific symptoms are likely to appear, including:
- Oral candidiasis , a fungal infection that causes the formation of creamy, white lesions on the sides of the tongue and lining of the mouth
- Unexplained fevers and drenching night sweats that soak through bedsheets and nightclothes
- Severe, uncontrolled diarrhea that lasts for more than three days
Each of these symptoms is commonly seen in persons with immune deficiency. They may, in some cases, be caused by HIV itself or by an infection that has yet to be diagnosed.
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You’re Always Waking Up With Night Sweats
Getting damp on a muggy night without air conditioning is definitely not the same as night sweats, which result in puddles of sweat thatll make you want to change your sheets. The body is trying to release off toxins, says Horberg.
Although HIV can cause night sweats, plenty of other potential culprits do as well, including menopause, mononucleosis, and cancers like lymphoma and leukemia, says Horberg. So if youre soaking your sheets over the course of a few nights, definitely check in with your doctor.
What Are The Tests For Detecting Hiv
Various tests may be used for HIV detection:
- HIV antibody test: This test detects the antibodies produced in the body in response to HIV.
- Antigen test: This test can be done at an earlier stage than an HIV antibody test. It measures a protein called p24 antigen, present in the virus and produced in high amounts after the infection.
- Nucleic acid test : It is also called an RNA test. It is a very specific test that looks for the virus itself and can detect HIV as early as about 10 days of infections.
- In-home test kits: Although less accurate than the laboratory-based tests, home-based kits have the advantage of testing in the privacy and comfort of the home. Only FDA approved home-based kits should be used.
- Viral culture: This involves using the patients sample and growing the virus in the lab. It takes longer to get the results and is not the most preferred test for HIV.
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What Death Feels Like
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Stage : Clinical Latency
In this stage, the virus still multiplies, but at very low levels. People in this stage may not feel sick or have any symptoms. This stage is also called chronic HIV infection.
Without HIV treatment, people can stay in this stage for 10 or 15 years, but some move through this stage faster.
If you take HIV medicine every day, exactly as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load, you can protect your health and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to your sexual partner.
But if your viral load is detectable, you can transmit HIV during this stage, even when you have no symptoms. Its important to see your health care provider regularly to get your viral load checked.
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Symptom : Nausea Vomiting And Diarrhoea
Many people experience digestive system problems as a symptom of the early stages of HIV. However, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea can also appear in later stages of infection, usually as the result of an opportunistic infection.
It is important to stay hydrated. Diarrhoea that is unremitting and not responding to usual therapy might be an indication of HIV.