How Common Is Hiv In The Uk
The most recent estimate suggests there were 105,200 people living with HIV in the UK in 2019. Of these, around 6,600 are undiagnosed so do not know they are HIV positive.
London continues to have the highest rates of HIV in the country: 36% of new diagnoses in 2019 were in London residents and 38% of people seen for HIV care were living in London.
Anyone can get HIV but people from some groups or parts of the world are more likely to be affected. In particular, men who have sex with men and black African people are disproportionately affected.
Of the 4,139 people diagnosed with HIV in the UK in 2019, 41% were gay or bisexual men.
Of the 1,559 heterosexual people diagnosed with HIV in 2019, 37% were black African men and women.
In 2017, the overall mortality rate for people aged 15-59 who were diagnosed early was, for the first time, equal to that of the general population for the same age group.
Cities With The Highest Hiv Rates
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Around 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the United States of America . Nearly one in seven of these people are unaware they have HIV. The size of the HIV epidemic is relatively small compared to the countrys population but is heavily concentrated among several key affected populations. Around 70% of annual new HIV infections occur among gay and other men who have sex with men , among whom African American/Black men are most affected, followed by Latino/Hispanic men.
Heterosexual African American/Black women and transgender women of all ethnicities are also disproportionately affected.
According to GetTested.com, HIV infection rates in Baltimore are on the rise due to a lack of education. HIV is a lifelong infection that, if left untreated, can lead to AIDS , according toHIV.gov.
AIDS occurs when a persons immune system becomes damaged, and people who are diagnosed with AIDS typically survive about three years.
With antiretroviral therapy, someone who is HIV-positive can keep the illness under control and reduce their risk of infecting others.
Moving down the list from number 4 last year to number seven this year, more than 1,000 people are diagnosed with HIV each year in Atlanta. Whats even more interesting is that 50 percent of those people arent diagnosed until they already have AIDS.
Disparities In Receiving Art
Dr Jun Li from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and colleagues looked at the likelihood of receiving an ART prescription within a month of newly entering HIV care between 2012 and 2018, using data from the large North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design . Individuals were considered as newly entering care if they had not received ART in the past, had a viral load above 500 copies/ml and did not have a longstanding AIDS diagnosis.
Among 11,853 eligible adults who attended two or more clinic visits within a year of entering care, nearly half were MSM and Black , most were under the age of 50 , and just over half lived in the South . While a quarter of all individuals presented with a mental health diagnosis, 11% had a history of drug abuse or dependence and a small percentage had a recent AIDS diagnosis . During the 2012 to 2018 period, 6688 individuals entering care received timely ART, a median of nine days after entering care.
“There is a chasm in health status between White people and those of other races in the US.”
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How Do You Know If You Have An Std Without Getting Tested
Many STDs dont have obvious symptoms. Lots of people dont even know they have an STD until their doctor discovers it. The doctor or nurse practitioner can check you for any STDs with a simple exam and a blood test or urine test. If it turns out that you do have an STD, the doctor or clinic can start treating you.
The Global Hiv/aids Epidemic
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is one of the worlds most serious public health challenges. But there is a global commitment to stopping new HIV infections and ensuring that everyone with HIV has access to HIV treatment.
According to UNAIDS:
Number of People with HIVThere were approximately 37.6 million people across the globe with HIV in 2020. Of these, 35.9 million were adults and 1.7 million were children .
New HIV InfectionsAn estimated 1.5 million individuals worldwide acquired HIV in 2020, marking a 30% decline in new HIV infections since 2010. Of these new HIV infections:
- 1.3 million were among adults
- 160,000 were among children
HIV TestingApproximately 84% of people with HIV globally knew their HIV status in 2020. The remaining 16% still need access to HIV testing services. HIV testing is an essential gateway to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services.
HIV Treatment AccessAs of the end of 2020, 27.4 million people with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy globally. That means 10.2 million people are still waiting. HIV treatment access is key to the global effort to end AIDS as a public health threat. People with HIV who are aware of their status, take ART daily as prescribed, and get and keep an undetectable viral load can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners.
- 84% knew their HIV status
- 73% were accessing ART
- 66% were virally suppressed
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Who Has The Highest Rate Of Stds
Based on CDC data, STD rates were: 5-8 times higher for African Americans or Black people than for non-Hispanic White people. 3-5 times higher for American Indians, Native Alaskans, and Native Hawaiians than for non-Hispanic White people. 1-2 times higher for Hispanic or Latino people than for non-Hispanic white people.
Hiv Statistics By State
Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that weakens a persons immune system by attacking cells that fight off infection, specifically a persons CD4 cells. HIV is spread through body fluids such as blood. If HIV goes untreated and advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS.
Unlike most other viruses, when a person contracts HIV, they have it for life because the human body cannot fight off the virus entirely. HIV, however, can be controlled and its progression can be slowed significantly. There are three stages of HIV:
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The Future Of Hiv In The Usa
The United States will become a place where new HIV infections are rare, and when they do occur, every person, regardless of age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, or socio-economic circumstance, will have unfettered access to high quality, life-extending care, free from stigma and discrimination.
The US National HIV/AIDS Strategys mission statement144
In order to break the cycle of transmission among key affected populations, increasing the impact of targeted HIV prevention and treatment campaigns towards people in these groups is vital. Expanding access and uptake to HIV testing, and increasing the number of people who are aware of their status and who are using condoms, will also go a long way to controlling the epidemic in the USA.
However, unless the complex set of economic and socio-economic factors that drive these groups risks to HIV are addressed including discrimination, stigma and poverty it is likely that HIV will continue to disproportionately affect men who have sex with men, African Americans/black people, Latino/Hispanic men, transgender women, prisoners and people who use drugs.
In addition, the rollback of certain LGBTI rights and inadequate sex education may support HIV-related stigma, already so damaging to Americas HIV response, grow and thrive.
Men Who Have Sex With Men
Men who have sex with men are the group most affected by HIV in the USA, accounting for an estimated 2% of the population, but 66% of new annual HIV infections.13 At the end of 2015, the most recent data available, around 632,300 USA-based men who have sex with men were living with HIV. One in six of these people were unaware they were HIV positive.14
Between 2010 and 2016, new HIV infections among men who have sex with men remained stable at about 26,000 a year.15 However, trends vary greatly by age and ethnicity. For example, new infections among African American/black men who have sex with men remained stable overall, at about 10,000 new infections but they increased by 65% among those aged 25 to 34 . Among Latino and Hispanic men who have sex with men, new infections rose by around 30%, from 6,400 to 8,300. Again, the greatest rise was among 25 to 34-year-olds, where new infections increased by 68%. Among white men who have sex with men, new infections decreased to less than a-fifth overall, from 8,000 to 6,700.16
In 2016, it was estimated that, if current diagnosis rates continued, one in six American men who have sex with men would be diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime. This equates to one in two African American/black men who have sex with men, one in four Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men and one in 11 white men who have sex with men.17
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What State Has The Highest Std Rate 2019
Also know, what state has the highest chlamydia rate?
As of that year, Mississippi had one of the highest rates of chlamydia in the United States with 672.1 new cases per a 100,000 population.
Furthermore, what are the top 3 STDs in the US? Here are some common STDs and sexually-associated diseases and their symptoms that you should be knowledgeable about.
- Chlamydia. Chlamydia is the most common curable STD.
Accordingly, which cities have the highest STD rate?
Here are the 20 US cities with the highest STI rates.
- Fayetteville, NC 1,559 STI cases per 100,000 people.
- Indianapolis, IN 1,613 STI cases per 100,000 people.
- Killeen, TX 1,644 STI cases per 100,000 people.
- San Francisco, CA 1,754 STI cases per 100,000 people.
What is the number 1 STD?
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD, with nearly 1.8 MILLION CASES reported in 2018.
Us Response To The Global Epidemic
The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is the U.S. Governments response to the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and represents the largest commitment by any nation to address a single disease in history. Through PEPFAR, the U.S. has supported a world safer and more secure from infectious disease threats. It has demonstrably strengthened the global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to new and existing riskswhich ultimately enhances global health security and protects Americas borders. Among other global results, PEPFAR provided HIV testing services for nearly 50 million people in Fiscal Year 2020 and, as of September 30, 2020, supported lifesaving ART for nearly 18.2 million men, women, and children.
In addition, the National Institutes of Health represents the largest public investment in HIV/AIDS research in the world. NIH is engaged in research around the globe to understand, diagnose, treat, and prevent HIV infection and its many associated conditions, and to find a cure.
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Florida Leads The Nation In New Hiv Cases
Florida leads the U.S. in the number of new HIV cases and has the nations third highest infection rate, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data.
The state reported almost 4,400 new HIV infections in 2019, the most recent data available for the federal agencys HIV surveillance report. Floridas infection rate averages out to 23.7 cases per 100,000 people, trailing only the District of Columbia and Georgia. Florida is also well above the national average rate of 13.
Hillsborough and Pinellas counties have been listed by the federal government as among 48 areas of concern in the nationbased on infection rates. Hillsborough reported 266 cases in 2019 and another 184 people in Pinellas were diagnosed with the virus.
Despite the increase, Floridas 2019 caseload is still below 4,700 infections it recorded in 2016. But Tampa Bay groups that work with AIDS patients remain concerned that people are putting themselves at risk because of a lack of awareness that theyre infected and could potentially transmit it and the availability of antiretroviral medications allows those who have HIV to lead relatively normal lives.
There is also concern that Florida is failing to persuade enough people to use PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxis, a daily medication targeted at high risk individuals that significantly reduces the risk of catching HIV.
I want to say, Whats wrong with these people?
Survival After Aids Diagnosis
Of 62 045 MSM with a diagnosis of AIDS during 1996 through 2002, 13 962 had died by the end of 2004. Overall, the percentage of MSM with very low CD4+ T-cell counts at AIDS diagnosis was 28.1% among White, Black, and Hispanic MSM, it was 24.1%, 34.4%, and 27.8%, respectively . Black MSM were significantly less likely to be alive 3 years after AIDS diagnosis than were Hispanic or White MSM. Survival at 1 and 3 years was significantly less likely among older than among younger MSM and among those who had lower CD4+ T-cell counts within 6 months of diagnosis. By contrast to the small improvement in the proportion of persons whose disease did not progress from HIV to AIDS, survival after AIDS diagnosis improved substantially with later years of AIDS diagnosis .
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Data Illuminates Racial Inequities
The CDCs data this year highlights an ongoing trend that appears to worsen each year: the STD burden is not equal within our cities. While we are seeing increases in STDs overall across many groups, the STD burden continued to hit minority racial and ethnic groups the hardest. The fact that many of the highest-ranking cities in our study have a higher percentage of minority residents also appears to reflect this trend.
Based on CDC data, STD rates were:
- 5-8 times higher for African Americans or Black people than for non-Hispanic White people
- 3-5 times higher for American Indians, Native Alaskans, and Native Hawaiians than for non-Hispanic White people
- 1-2 times higher for Hispanic or Latino people than for non-Hispanic white people
Experts such as the CDCs Jo Valentine, Director of the Office of Health Equity, point to systemic inequalities that lead to lower access to health and testing and subsequently poorer health outcomes.
Focusing on hard-hit populations is critical to reducing disparities, said Valentine. To effectively reduce these disparities, the social, cultural, and economic conditions that make it more difficult for some populations to stay healthy must be addressed. These include poverty, unstable housing, drug use, lack of medical insurance or regular medical provider, and high burden of STDs in some communities.
Religion: Conflict Over Condoms And Aids Education For Young People
From the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, there has been a continuous conflict over the role of education about safer sex and condoms in preventing the transmission of HIV. This debate has been particularly sharp when the targets of the educational and condom distribution programs have been young people of high school age, although there has been strong resistance in the national government to condom education for persons of all ages .
The proponents of safer sex education and condom provision to youths point out that they do not necessarily approve of early sexual experimentation on the part of young people, but that large numbers of young persons are sexually active under conditions of relative ignorance about the consequences of their conduct. The decision not to provide safer sex education or condoms to young people places them in danger of the transmission of HIV and other STDs that increase the likelihood of HIV transmission. The arguments of the proponents are short term, pragmatic, and health oriented: young people are sexually active it is unlikely that they will abstain regardless of how often they are exhorted, and they are in danger of contracting a fatal disease. The logical consequence of this position is the provision of age-appropriate sex education that includes information about same-gender sex, modes of HIV transmission and methods of prevention, as well as the provision of condoms without either mandatory counseling or parental consent.
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Working To Correct Disparities
Regarding interventions to reduce disparities and their related negative outcomes, Dr Kashif Iqbal from the CDC presented results from the five-year THRIVE demonstration project. This provided increased funding to jurisdictions with high numbers of Black or Latino men living with HIV, specifically to enable health departments to develop comprehensive community-based HIV prevention and care services in tandem with healthcare, behavioural health and social service providers.
Various activities were conducted in order to support PrEP implementation, ranging from increased HIV testing, supporting community-based organisations to provide services such as PrEP screening and counselling, social media campaigns, healthcare provider training and ongoing evaluation to improve the quality of services.
Iqbal and colleagues analysed the number of new HIV diagnoses among Black and Latino MSM aged 13 and older between 2014 and 2018 in seven THRIVE-eligible jurisdictions that received funding for this period . Comparison was made with twelve THRIVE-eligible jurisdictions that did not receive this funding . From 2015 onwards, THRIVE has provided HIV prevention services for 9494 Black MSM and 3528 Latino MSM.
Overall, for Latino MSM, there was a 1.7% increase in those cities not receiving funding compared to a 2.7% reduction in those that did. The best results were seen in men aged 35-44.
Iqbal K et al. Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, abstract 106, 2021.
Hiv/aids In South Africa
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HIV/AIDS is one of the most serious health concerns in South Africa. The country has the highest number of people afflicted with HIV of any country, and the fourth-highest adult HIV prevalence rate, according to the 2019 United Nations statistics.
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