Tuesday, October 4, 2022

What Test To Take For Hiv

Sexually Transmitted Infection Tests

WHO: HIV self-testing – Questions and Answers

Rapid testing is available for HIV tests, often at community health centers and clinics. According to Columbia University, these tests most commonly provide results in 10 to 20 minutes. Doctors also use blood tests to test for the presence of conditions such as herpes, hepatitis, and syphilis. These results may take up to one to two weeks.

Be aware that swabs and urine tests may be the preferred method for some STI testing. Results can also take longer if cultures need to be grown.

Some STIs dont show up immediately after theyre transmitted, so your doctor may order a follow-up test a certain period of time after a negative result.

Also Check: Which Country Has The Highest Hiv Rate

How Soon After Exposure To Hiv Can Tests Detect I Have The Virus

The window of time between exposure to HIV and when a test will show you have the virus varies from person to person and by the type of test:

  • Nucleic acid test : The NAT test can detect HIV infection the earliest. It can tell if you have HIV infection 10 to 33 days after exposure.
  • Antigen/antibody test: The antigen/antibody test can detect infection 18 to 45 days after exposure when performed by a lab using blood from a vein. If the sample is from a finger prick, the window is 18 to 90 days after exposure.
  • Antibody test: Antibody tests can detect infection 23 to 90 days after exposure.

If your initial test is negative, get a second test after the window of time has passed. The second test can confirm your negative result in case you got tested before the infection was active in your body.

Remember, post-exposure prophylaxis can help prevent infection, but you must start it within 72 hours of possible infection. Talk to your healthcare provider about how to start PEP.

What Does A Positive Test Result Mean

If you receive an HIV-positive result, the healthcare worker will talk to you about what this means and what will happen next. For most people, receiving a positive diagnosis can be a shocking and emotional experience this is completely normal. The healthcare worker is there to support you and to answer any questions that you have.

Treatment means that HIV is now a manageable illness. Your healthcare provider can link you to support and treatment services, and any other health services that you need. Any questions that you have you can ask them its their job to help answer your worries. You will most likely be asked to schedule another appointment with them in the very near future. Its very important to keep appointments and use the support offered to you. You may also be offered screening tests for other sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis.

Find out what questions to ask and what support is available to help you cope with the results on our Newly diagnosed page.

It has almost been eight months since I was diagnosed with HIV. I was confused, ashamed, I kept asking, How this could be?. Slowly but surely Im beginning to accept that HIV is going to be a part of me and I definitely have control over it.

Raya

Also Check: How Does The Immune System Fight Hiv

What Happens When You Go For A Test

Normally, testing involves taking a small sample of blood from your finger or your arm, or an oral swab. This is where you rub the testing pen along your gums to collect cells from your mouth.

How long it takes for HIV test results to come back will depend on the type of test you are taking. If youre taking a rapid test, you will be given your results within 20 minutes. Other types of tests will be sent to a laboratory and it may take between a few days and a few weeks for you to receive a final result.

Tests these days are very reliable, but if your result comes back positive, you should have a second confirmatory test to double check your result. If this is also positive, you will get an HIV diagnosis, after which you can start treatment.

Remember, HIV treatment these days is very effective and people with HIV can live long and healthy lives just like anyone else.

What Are The Three Different Types Of Hiv Testing

SURE CHECK HIV Self Test

There are three main types of HIV tests: antibody tests, RNA tests, and a combination test that detects both antibodies and a viral protein called p24 . All tests are designed to detect HIV-1, which is the type of HIV in the United States. Some antibody tests and the combination test can also detect HIV-2 infections, which are usually limited to West Africa. No test is perfect tests may be falsely positive or falsely negative or impossible to interpret .

Positive test results are reportable to the health department in all 50 states and include the patient’s name. This information is then reported to the CDC so that the epidemiology and infection spread rates can be monitored. The names sent to the state remain confidential and will not be reported to employers, family members, or other such people. Some states allow anonymous testing in which the patient’s name is not recorded.

HIV antibody tests: HIV possesses many unique proteins on its surface and inside the virus itself. When someone is infected with HIV, their body produces proteins designed to tag the virus for elimination by the immune system. These proteins are called antibodies, and they are directed against the unique proteins of HIV. Unfortunately, these HIV antibodies do not eliminate the virus, but their presence serves as a marker to show that someone is infected with HIV. HIV antibody tests are the most commonly used tests to determine if someone has HIV.

Recommended Reading: Can You Get Hiv From Undetectable

Who Should Use At

According to the CDC , everyone should get tested at least once between 1364 years.

However, people who may be at higher risk of contracting HIV should have regular testing. Risk factors that may indicate a person needs more frequent testing include:

  • having multiple sexual partners
  • sharing needles for injectable drugs
  • having a history of STIs
  • males who have sex with males
  • having a history of TB or hepatitis
  • having sex of any kind with someone living with HIV
  • exchanging sex for drugs or money

Additionally, people who have sex with a person who has these risk factors is also at a higher risk of contracting HIV.

When Should You Get Tested For Hiv After Condomless Sex

Keep in mind, if you believe youve been exposed to HIV, its important to see a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

Theres no HIV test that can accurately detect HIV in the body immediately after exposure. Theres a time frame known as the window period before you can be tested for HIV and receive accurate results.

Regardless of the type of test you take after a potential HIV exposure, you should get tested again after the window period has passed to be certain.

People at higher risk of contracting HIV should get regularly tested as often as every 3 months.

Also Check: How Long Does Hiv Stay Dormant

You May Like: How Long Before Hiv Turns Into Aids

What Are The Different Types Of Hiv Screening

Human immunodeficiency virus , the virus that leads to the immune system disease called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , is life-threatening. There are several screening methods to confirm HIV.

Rapid Antibody/Antigen HIV test:

  • This type of test is useful for individuals who want same-day results from their evaluation.
  • The accuracy level of this test is as high as that of a standard test. If an individual tests negative, then there is no need for additional evaluation if they have no further risk and/or the window period has passed.

Where Can I Go For Hiv Testing

Know Your Status: A Guide to Taking an HIV Test

You can get tested for HIV and other STDs at your doctors office, a community health clinic, the health department, or your local Planned Parenthood health center. You might want to get your HIV test at a place that also has HIV counseling .

You can either get an anonymous” or “confidential HIV test, depending on the laws in the state that you live in. Confidential” testing means your name is on the test, and the results go in your medical records. Your doctors and insurance company may also see the results. If you test positive, your results are sent to your local health department so they know the rates of HIV in your area. But your results are protected by privacy laws, so nobody else can see them without your permission.

“Anonymous” testing means your name isnt on the test. Youll get an ID number that youll use to find out your results. Your results wont go in your medical records, and they wont be sent to your insurance company or the health department youre the only one who will know them.

STD testing, including HIV testing, isnt usually automatically part of your regular checkup or gynecologist exam you have to ask for it directly. Be honest with your nurse or doctor so they can help you figure out what tests are best for you. Dont be embarrassed: your doctor is there to help, not to judge.

Recommended Reading: What Percentage Of Gay Men Have Hiv

What Are The Early Symptoms Of Hiv Infection

Not everyone who is infected with HIV will develop early symptoms, known as acute HIV infection. Two to four weeks after exposure to HIV, some people may develop flu-like symptoms that last from a few days up to several weeks. These symptom include:

These symptoms are not specific to HIV – other infections may cause the same symptoms. The presence or absence of symptoms does not predict whether you have HIV or not, and only an HIV test can detect whether a person is or is not infected with HIV. If these symptoms dont go away, or get worse, you should see a doctor.

How Antibody Tests For Herpes Hiv And Other Stds Work

Learning that you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease such as herpes or HIV can be frightening. Whether a former sexual partner calls to tell you theyre infected or you hear from the health department that you need to be tested, its scary to learn that you may be at risk.

Although its possible to test for some STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, relatively quickly after infection using a highly sensitive urine test, this is not the case with all STDs.

Any STD test that detects an infection using antibodies cant be accurate for at least several weeks after exposure. It may be six months or more before you can trust a negative result. The unfortunate truth is that STD results take time.

Recommended Reading: What Does Antiretroviral Therapy Do Brainly

Read Also: Does The Emergency Room Test For Hiv

Is There Anything Else I Should Know About Being Tested For Hiv

The decision to take the test and then wait for the results can be very stressful. If your test result is HIV-positive, you will have many decisions to make.

Even though it is stressful, you need this information to decide what is best for you and your family. Be reassured that there is support available if you find out you are HIV-positive during your pregnancy.

Getting Tested For Hepatitis C:

False negative results on HIV tests

The only way to know if you have Hep C is to have several blood tests done.

It takes two different tests to determine whether someone has Hepatitis C or not.

The first test is a screening test called the Hepatitis C antibody test. A positive result indicates the person has been exposed to the hepatitis C virus at some point in their life

The second test is a confirmatory test. Hepatitis C RNA testing checks for the actual virus in the body by measuring the genetic material of the virus in the blood.

This test is done after a person tests positive for Hepatitis C antibodies. If a person also tests positive for Hepatitis C RNA it means they have Hepatitis C. If the test is negative it means that they were one of the 25% that had the virus clear up on its own.

Genotype is the specific strain of the Hep C virus that you have. There are 6 different Genotypes. Your Genotype determines the type of treatment you will receive.

Other tests might be done to show how your liver is working. These include: liver function tests, a fibroscan and an ultrasound.

When results are positive from the hepatitis C screening test, additional testing to measure Hepatitis C RNA is required. Hep C PCR testing is a measure of active virus detected in the blood. Depending upon the result, this test may be repeated after 3 months.

If you are concerned about Hepatitis C and would like to talk to someone before you decide to get tested, contact one of ourHep C team members in Client Services.

Also Check: Can Bed Bugs Transmit Hiv

To Facilitate Hiv Testing Healthcare Providers Can:

  • normalise the offer of HIV testing, making it part of routine care
  • assure protection of the persons anonymity and confidentiality
  • offer an environment that is free of stigma and discrimination
  • emphasize the benefits of early diagnosis and treatment
  • provide information on risk factors for HIV infection, and prevention methods
  • discuss testing options, including POC testing and self-testing
  • when taking a sexual health history, keep it brief and relevant, as detailed risk assessments can deter people from seeking care

HIV self-testing and POC testing can facilitate uptake of screening. In addition, HIV self-testing provides an option for people who face barriers to accessing testing in healthcare settings.

What Is Acute Hiv Infection

There are three stages of HIV infection:

  • Stage 1:Acute HIVinfection
  • Stage 2:Chronic HIV infection
  • Stage 3:AIDS

Acute HIV infection is the first stage of the infection. Usually within two to four weeks of infection, two-thirds of those with HIV will experience flu-like symptoms. These symptoms may last for several days or even weeks. However, some people may experience no symptoms at all.

In this stage, there is a large amount of HIV in your blood, which is known as the viral load. Studies have noted incredibly high viral loads during the acute stage, meaning you are more contagious at this time.

Read Also: Can You Get Hiv From Someone Who Is Undetectable

In 20 Minutes You Can Test Yourself For Hiv At Home

900 free HIV self-testing kits were sent to 120 locations across Bulgaria, thanks to a pilot project of Single Step Foundation with support from WHO.

A pilot project conducted in Bulgaria has shown that more people get tested for HIV when self-testing is available. In situations where testing is based in health-care institutions, it can be a challenge to encourage some people to come forward.

The worries in my community I think come from that many of them are still hidden, not just from their families but also from themselves, said Teodor Paunov. And also, the idea that it might happen to someone else, but it will neverhappen to me, so why would I get tested, I am fine.

Community-based testing is a good way to overcome those barriers, but it can be labour intensive. Self-testing can be less expensive, and the pilot project clearly shows the role it can play. The findings are especially relevant to health authoritiesworking hard to maintain essential services during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Testing for HIV is a critical public health intervention because it is the first step towards treatment and care. With current antiretroviral treatment, people who test positive can expect to live a healthy life with HIV without passing it on to anyoneelse.

A simple saliva test with results in 20 minutes

For some of the guys with a positive result, it was rather difficult to cope with the sad news, explained Baev.

Valuable behavioural insights

& amp amp amp amp amp nbsp

Is Hiv Testing Necessary For Pregnant Women

A step-by-step guide to the OraQuick HIV self-test

HIV testing is critically important for pregnant women. HIV testing is recommended at the beginning of each pregnancy during prenatal care. If any HIV risk factors are present or there is a high incidence of HIV in the population, testing should be repeated in the third trimester.

There have been enormous advances in the treatment of HIV-infected pregnant women. With proper management, the probability of transmitting the virus to the fetus is less than 2%. Without proper management, the risk of transmission is as high as 33%.

Because undiagnosed HIV is so common, it is necessary to test all pregnant women. It is strongly recommended that all children born to women with HIV also be tested.

Don’t Miss: How Fast Can Hiv Be Detected

Types Of Hiv Testing Services

4.5.1 Standard

The majority of healthcare venues carry out “standard” HIV testing. This means a tube of blood is collected in the clinic, hospital or physician’s office and sent to the medical laboratory along with a requisition ordering an HIV test. Standard testing can be done in any type of setting . Test results are generally available within one week.

4.5.2 Point-of-Care or rapid testing

Tests You Need To Know About Hiv Aids

The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome . AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system leads to life-threatening infections and cancers to thrive. People infected with HIV generally live for 9 11 years, depending on the type of HIV subtype.

According to WHO, about 34 to 40 million people are living with HIV globally, and nearly 30% of people are living with undiagnosed HIV and are transmitting the infection unknowingly. The only way to make sure you have HIV is through the test. Everyone between the age of 13 to 64 should get tested for HIV at least once as a part of your routine healthcare to be safe.

HIV is mainly infected by having sex with multiple partners, sharing syringes and blood with people infected with HIV, and through vaginal and rectal fluids. It does not spread through direct contact such as shaking hands, sharing food or toilet seats, etc.

There are 3 stages of HIV infection.

  • Acute HIV infection is the first stage that develops within 2 to 4 weeks after getting infected with HIV.
  • Chronic HIV infection is the second stage in which the HIV continues to multiply in the body but at very low levels.
  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is the final stage of infection which destroys the immune system.

What is HIV testing?

  • Standard tests

  • Antibody screening test

  • Antigen/antibody test

  • Rapid antigen/antibody test

  • ELISA test

  • Viral Load Test

  • Home test

  • You May Like: What Causes False Positive Hiv Test

    Popular Articles
    Related news