Monday, May 23, 2022

When To Get Tested For Hiv After Exposure

Why Do I Need An Hiv Test

is a negative hiv test at 6 weeks conclusive (how do you get tested for hiv)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care. You may also need an HIV test if you are at higher risk for infection. HIV is mainly spread through sexual contact and blood, so you may be at a higher risk for HIV if you:

  • Are a man that has had sex with another man
  • Have had sex with an HIV-infected partner
  • Have had multiple sex partners
  • Have injected drugs, such as heroin, or shared drug needles with someone else

HIV can spread from mother to child during birth and through breast milk, so if you are pregnant your doctor may order an HIV test. There are medicines you can take during pregnancy and delivery to greatly reduce your risk of spreading the disease to your baby.

Where To Get Tested For Hiv

Getting an HIV test is easy. Tests for HIV and other STIs are confidential and available from your local doctor , or a sexual and reproductive health clinic.

It is a good idea to have some pre-test counselling. Before the test, talk with your doctor, nurse, or peer tester about any concerns, your level of risk, whether you are likely to be HIV-positive and what a positive result may mean.

How Long Do You Have To Wait After Unprotected Sex To Take An Hiv Test

By | Oct. 14, 2010, 11:04 a.m.

Category:

how long does it take after u have unprotected sex for u to get tested for hiv? can u get tested right away and know the results? or do u have to wait a certain amount of time.

HIV tests detect antibodies the immune systems response to infection. For the majority of people, HIV testing will be accurate at four to six weeks after possible infection. However, for some people it may take longer up to three months for detectable antibodies to develop. This is called the window period. During the window period, HIV tests can come back negative even though the person has the virus. HIV can be passed to other people during the window period. To make an appointment for HIV testing, contact your local Planned Parenthood health center. Tests are also available from most health care providers, hospitals, and health centers. Local, state, and federal health departments may offer free testing. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists HIV testing locations and offers information about home testing. The site can also be accessed in Spanish.

Tags: HIV/AIDS, HIV testing, STD testing

Planned Parenthood delivers vital reproductive health care, sex education, and information to millions of people worldwide. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. is a registered 501 nonprofit under EIN 13-1644147. Donations are tax-deductible to the fullest extent allowable under the law.

Also Check: Atlanta Hiv Statistics 2016

How Can I Get Tested

To get tested, you can:

  • Ask your doctor to test you.
  • Go to a local clinic or community health center.
  • Go to National HIV and STD Testing Resources to find a testing center near you.
  • Buy a test at a pharmacy and do the test at home.

Many testing centers will do an HIV test for free. Ask if there is a fee before you go for testing. In most states you do not need a parent’s permission to get tested for HIV. And you can buy the test at the pharmacy without a parent.

Types Of Condomless Sex And Risk Of Hiv

Book Online 4th Generation HIV Test in Nagpur

During condomless sex, HIV in the bodily fluids of one person may be transmitted to the body of another person through the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, and anus. In very rare cases, HIV could potentially be transmitted through a cut or sore in the mouth during oral sex.

Out of any type of condomless sex, HIV can most easily be transmitted during anal sex. This is because the lining of the anus is delicate and prone to damage, which may provide entry points for HIV. Receptive anal sex, often called bottoming, poses more risk for contracting HIV than insertive anal sex, or topping.

HIV can also be transmitted during vaginal sex without a condom, although the vaginal lining is not as susceptible to rips and tears as the anus.

The risk of getting HIV from oral sex without using a condom or dental dam is very low. It would be possible for HIV to be transmitted if the person giving oral sex has mouth sores or bleeding gums, or if the person receiving oral sex has recently contracted HIV.

In addition to HIV, anal, vaginal, or oral sex without a condom or dental dam can also lead to transmission of other STIs.

You May Like: Does Hiv Cause Hair Loss

Ask The Experts About Hiv

Do you have a question about HIV/AIDS that youd like to ask our experts? Check out our Ask the Experts service, featuring our team of nationally known experts in the field of STIs and sexual health.

How accurate is a negative HIV test after 40 days of possible HIV exposure? Currently, it has been over 8 weeks since my possible HIV exposure. I dont have any symptoms. Should I keep testing for HIV until the six month window is over or was the HIV-1 RNA PCR result at 40 days enough?

It sounds like youve had two different kinds of HIV tests. The first kind, the one used by most clinics as a screening test, looks for antibodies produced by the immune system against the virus. Detectable antibody levels to HIV usually develop within two to eight weeks , but it sometimes takes longer. This test will almost always be reliable three months after exposure, so to be on the safe side, we recommend a second HIV antibody test if the first was done before 90 days after exposure.

The second test you mentioned is the HIV 1 RNA PCR. This is an additional test sometimes performed for people with a high-risk exposure and symptoms of acute HIV disease. An exposure would be considered high-risk, for example, if the partner was known to be HIV positive. If this test was negative at 40 days after exposure, you did not become infected from the exposure you mentioned.

J. Dennis Fortenberry, MD, MS

Versie Johnson-Mallard, PhD, RN, APRN, WHNP-BC

Will Wong, MD

Sexual Health Resource Center Staff

Should I Wait To Test For Hiv

If you have had unprotected sex, shared injecting equipment or think that you have been at risk some other way, then you should talk to your doctor or a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

They will be able to talk to you about your situation and help you decide what to do next. If you visit a healthcare professional within 72 hours of when you think you were exposed to HIV, you may be offered PEP . This is a course of emergency HIV treatment that can prevent HIV infection. It must be started within 72 hours and be taken properly.

Unfortunately, PEP isnt always available and healthcare providers may only give it to you if they feel youre at a high risk of HIV. If you take PEP youll need to test before and after to ensure it has worked.

If the time to take PEP has passed, then most modern HIV tests are now able to detect HIV from around four weeks after exposure. Depending on the type of test you are offered and when your risk was, your doctor may ask you to come back for further tests and a follow-up to check your results.

If you think you have been exposed to HIV, it is in this early stage of infection that you are most likely to pass HIV on to others. Be extra careful during this time use condoms and dont share injecting equipment.

Don’t Miss: How Long Can Hiv Lay Dormant

Key Points To Remember

  • Many health experts and provincial health organizations in Canada recommend HIV testing for everyone. Other experts and organizations, including the Public Health Agency of Canada , recommend having a screening test for HIV if you have a high risk of infection.1 HIV tests are also recommended for all pregnant women.
  • You may not need to be screened for HIV if you aren’t sexually active and if you and your doctor have determined that you have a very low risk for getting HIV.
  • HIV may not cause symptoms early on. And people who have early symptoms may mistake them for the flu or mononucleosis. So without a test, you may not know that you have an infection.
  • If you have a test that shows that you have HIV, you can take steps to prevent spreading HIV to others.
  • You may be afraid to be tested for HIV. But if there’s any chance you could be infected, it’s very important to find out. HIV can be treated, and early treatment can slow down the virus and help you stay healthy.
  • Getting treatment may lower the chance that you will give the infection to a sex partner who doesn’t have the infection or to your baby, if you are pregnant.3
  • It can take as little as 2 weeks or as long as 3 months from the time you become infected with HIV for the antibodies or antigens to be found in your blood. If you think you have been exposed to HIV but you test negative for it, you should be tested again.
  • If your test shows that you have HIV, your sex partner will need to know and get tested.

When Is It Ordered

How to Get Tested for HIV | STDs

Several organizations recommend routine screening for HIV:

  • The Centers for Disease Control and the American College of Physicians recommend that anyone between the ages of 13 and 64 be screened for HIV at least once.
  • The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends anyone age 15 to 65 get at least a one-time test.
  • The CDC, USPSTF and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all pregnant women be screened. Repeat testing in the third trimester may be done for women at high risk. Some women may opt to get tested when planning a pregnancy .
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics advises that all sexually active youth be screened, and that youths between 15 and 18 years old be offered HIV testing at least once, regardless of sexual history.

For additional details on screening recommendations, see the articles for Teens, Young Adults, Adults, and Adults 50 and Up.

Annual screening is advised for those who are at high risk for HIV and is recommended when you:

  • Have unprotected sex with more than one partner since your last HIV test
  • Are a man who has sex with another man
  • The CDC says that your healthcare practitioners may consider more frequent screening for you, such as every 3 to 6 months.
  • Use street drugs by injection, especially when sharing needles and/or other equipment
  • Exchange sex for drugs or money
  • Have an HIV-positive sex partner
  • You should get at least a one-time test, regardless of age, if you:

    Read Also: Does Cookie Johnson Have Hiv

    Also Check: Can You Get Hiv From Dried Blood

    To Facilitate Hiv Testing Healthcare Providers Can:

    • normalise the offer of HIV testing, making it part of routine care
    • assure protection of the persons anonymity and confidentiality
    • offer an environment that is free of stigma and discrimination
    • emphasize the benefits of early diagnosis and treatment
    • provide information on risk factors for HIV infection, and prevention methods
    • discuss testing options, including POC testing and self-testing
    • when taking a sexual health history, keep it brief and relevant, as detailed risk assessments can deter people from seeking care

    HIV self-testing and POC testing can facilitate uptake of screening. In addition, HIV self-testing provides an option for people who face barriers to accessing testing in healthcare settings.

    Who Else Should Get Hiv Tests

    The CDC recommends that everyone between ages 13 and 64 get tested at least once even if you have no risk factors for HIV. Other people who should get tested at certain times or regularly include:

    Pregnant women. HIV can be passed from mother to child in the womb. HIV testing is part of pregnancy care, but you have to agree to do it. If you test positive, antiretroviral therapy can protect your unborn baby from getting HIV. This works extremely well if you start treatment early.

    People in a high-risk group. Get tested at least every 12 months if you inject drugs, work in the sex trade, have multiple sex partners, or do anything else that puts you at a higher risk.

    If you are a sexually active gay or bisexual man, consider testing every 3 months. This is especially important if you donât know whether or not your partner or partners have HIV. Most infections happen in men who have sex with other men, and many donât know if they have HIV or not.

    CDC: âTesting,â âHIV Risk Reduction Tool: The Window Period,â âHIV Risk Reduction Tool: Post-exposure Prophylaxis for Preventing HIV after Exposure,â âAn Opt-Out Approach to HIV Screening,â âHIV and Gay and Bisexual Men.â

    NAM AIDSMap : âFalse negative results on HIV tests.â

    HIV.gov: âHIV Testing Overview,â âHow Can You Tell If You Have HIV?â

    San Francisco AIDS Foundation: âThe Questions about PrEP.â

    GMHC: âHIV/AIDS Basics,â âThe GMHC Testing Center.â

    Avert: “When to Get Tested for HIV.”

    You May Like: Does Nba Youngboy Have Hiv

    How Soon Can I Take An Hiv Test

    This question usually refers to how soon after exposure can someone test for HIV.

    This used to involve waiting 3 to 4 weeks before taking an HIV test .

    However, 2020 UK guidelines now recommend waiting 6 weeks.

    This is because 4th generation HIV tests will detect 99% of infections at 6 weeks compared to 95% of infections 4 weeks after exposure.

    A negative test after four weeks needs to be confirmed with a second test three months after the risk. This is to cover the small chance that you take longer than four weeks to generate an antibody response.

    Extending this to 6 weeks means the confirmatory test is no longer needed.

    In high risk exposures, especially if symptoms occur, viral load testing is sometimes used after one week. This includes after a sexual assault or after a needlestick injury to a healthcare worker.

    In these cases a viral load test can exclude an infection when there are symptoms.

    Viral load tests are not approved to diagnose HIV. A negative result still needs to be confirmed by an antibody test three months after the risk.

    Figure 6: Recommended time from exposure to HIV test *

    * This diagram needs to be updated to show the six-week window.

    Im Pregnant When Should I Test

    Who Should Get Tested?

    Testing for HIV during your pregnancy is very important. Left undiagnosed and untreated women living with HIV can pass the virus on to their unborn babies. In most countries, HIV tests are a routine part of the care women receive during pregnancy . Partners of pregnant women should also get tested during this time.

    The earlier you test in your pregnancy the better. You’ll usually be tested in your first appointment, ideally before your tenth week. These tests should be repeated, either every three months or at least once again in your third trimester.

    Your doctor will tell you everything you need to know about HIV testing alongside the other blood tests they do during pregnancy.

    If you find out you are positive, youll be given treatment to prevent passing HIV on to your child. The earlier you start treatment, the greater the chance your child will be born HIV-negative. Check out our section on Pregnancy, childbirth & breastfeeding for more information.

    Also Check: Is Undetectable Hiv Contagious

    What Is An Hiv Test

    An HIV test shows whether you are infected with HIV . HIV is a virus that attacks and destroys cells in the immune system. These cells protect your body against disease-causing germs, such as bacteria and viruses. If you lose too many immune cells, your body will have trouble fighting off infections and other diseases.

    There are three main types of HIV tests:

    • Antibody Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies in your blood or saliva. Your immune system makes antibodies when you are exposed to bacteria or viruses, like HIV. An HIV antibody test can determine if you have HIV from 312 weeks after infection. That’s because it can take a few weeks or longer for your immune system to make antibodies to HIV. You may be able to do an HIV antibody test in the privacy of your home. Ask your health care provider about at-home HIV test kits.
    • HIV Antibody/Antigen Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies and antigens in the blood. An antigen is a part of a virus that triggers an immune response. If you’ve been exposed to HIV, antigens will show up in your blood before HIV antibodies are made. This test can usually find HIV within 26 weeks of infection. The HIV antibody/antigen test is one of the most common types of HIV tests.
    • HIV Viral Load. This test measures the amount of the HIV virus in the blood. It can find HIV faster than antibody and antibody/antigen tests, but it is very expensive. It is mostly used for monitoring HIV infections.

    When To Get Tested For Hiv

    FAST FACTS

    If you think you might have been exposed to HIV, its best to speak to a healthcare professional immediately.

    Even if you dont think you have been at risk, testing regularly is good practice for people who are having sex. Its important to test for HIV during pregnancy. If you know your status, you can avoid passing the virus on to your baby. A window period is the amount of time it takes after infection for a test to give you an accurate result. Its good to know about window periods, but dont delay getting tested if you think you might have been exposed to HIV.

    Recommended Reading: How Long Does It Take For Hiv To Become Aids

    Popular Articles
    Related news