Ways To Prevent Passing Hiv
There is very little to no chance of HIV being passed through oral sex, but for people who are at risk of passing or coming into contact with HIV through vaginal or anal sex here are some prevention options:
- Condoms are a great way to help prevent HIV and STIs. Just make sure to use them correctly each time you have sex.
- People who do not have HIV can also take medications to help prevent getting it. PrEP is medication that a person takes starting before and continuing after they might come into contact with HIV. Most people on PrEP take it every day.
- PEP is medication that can be taken up to 72 hours after a person might have come into contact with HIV, to help prevent the person from getting HIV. PEP is taken for 28 days. It is meant for emergencies only .
- People who have HIV can take medications daily to keep their bodies healthy and also prevent them from passing HIV to others through sex. This is because HIV medications can lower the amount of HIV in the body to a level so low that tests can’t detect it. This is called an undetectable viral load. When a person maintains an undetectable viral load, they cannot pass HIV through sex.
How Can You Prevent Getting Or Transmitting Hiv Through Sex
There are several ways to prevent getting or transmitting HIV through anal or vaginal sex.
If you have HIV, the most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medicine , every day, exactly as prescribed. People living with HIV who take HIV medicine daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners. Read more about Treatment as Prevention. There also are other options to choose from, below.
How You Become Infected
There is HIV virus in body fluids like vaginal secretions and semen. If those fluids are present, they can enter the bloodstream of someone who doesn’t have HIV through an opening such as a mouth sore or a genital ulcer.
Your chances are higher of getting HIV if you:
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Can I Get Hiv From Using Other Kinds Of Drugs
When youre drunk or high, youre more likely to make decisions that put you at risk for HIV, such as having sex without a condom.
Drinking alcohol, particularly binge drinking, and using club drugs like Ecstasy, ketamine, GHB, and poppers can alter your judgment, lower your inhibitions, and impair your decisions about sex or other drug use. You may be more likely to have unplanned and unprotected sex, have a harder time using a condom the right way every time you have sex, have more sexual partnersor use other drugs, including injection drugs or meth. Those behaviors can increase your risk of exposure to HIV. If you have HIV, they can also increase your risk of spreading HIV to others. Being drunk or high affects your ability to make safe choices.
If youre going to a party or another place where you know youll be drinking or using drugs, you can bring a condom so that you can reduce your risk if you have vaginal or anal sex.
Therapy, medicines, and other methods are available to help you stop or cut down on drinking or using drugs. Talk with a counselor, doctor, or other healthcare providers about options that might be right for you. To find a substance abuse treatment center near you, check out the locator tools on;SAMHSA.gov;or;HIV.gov, or call 1-800-662-HELP .
Inflammation And Oral Hiv/siv Susceptibility
Although infants are exposed to HIV-containing breast milk for many months, even in the absence of antiretroviral prophylaxis, only a relatively small number of infants born to HIV+ mothers will become infected . Indeed, if we assume a 40% MTCT infection rate, then each infant born to an HIV+ mother has a 16% chance of acquiring HIV during breastfeeding. This suggests that certain infants may be particularly susceptible to HIV. Understanding the factors that enhance oral HIV transmission will be critical for developing effective interventions to protect infants from postpartum transmission of HIV.
It is well documented that different types of mucosal inflammation at multiple sites impact sexual and vertical transmission of HIV . Oral mucosa inflammation is also a risk factor for oral HIV transmission. For example, infant oral candidiasis increases the risk of MTCT of HIV through breastfeeding . The risk of HIV acquisition associated with oral sex is increased in individuals that smoke crack cocaine, which is known to cause oral lesions , and oral sores are associated with HIV infection in crack cocaine users who performed ROI . In contrast, studies in HIV-uninfected, highly exposed individuals indicate that low levels of CD4+ T cell activation and quiescent CD4+ T-cell phenotypes are associated with reduced HIV susceptibility . These studies suggest that inflammation at the oral mucosa increases susceptibility to HIV.
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Oral Transmission In Natural Hosts
SIV natural hosts are African non-human primates who develop non-pathogenic SIV infection in the wild without progression to AIDS. These natural hosts include sooty mangabeys, African green monkey, mandrill, and many others. Key features of SIV infection of natural hosts include: high viremia , normal peripheral CD4+ T-cell counts , lack of microbial translocation despite significant loss of mucosal CD4+ T cells , and lack of immune activation during chronic infection . These studies have led to a working hypothesis that the lack of disease progression in natural hosts is due to a lack of chronic immune activation .
We propose three non-mutually exclusive hypotheses to explain the restriction of breast milk SIV transmission in natural hosts: lower levels of SIV in natural host breast milk than those observed in pathogenic infections, a relatively non-permissive breast milk and/or gastrointestinal microenvironment, with lower immune activation and the presence of innate and adaptive inhibitory factors, and insufficient target cells for establishment of infection in the natural host infant. To date, no definitive studies have yet been performed that test one hypothesis while controlling for all other potential confounding factors , but a preponderance of data suggests target cell restriction in the infant GI tract is a defining feature of natural hosts that limits MTCT.
Oral mucosa immune activation and HIV susceptibility
Tattoos And Body Piercings
- There are no known cases in the United States of anyone getting HIV this way.
- However, it is possible to get HIV from tattooing or body piercing if the equipment used for these procedures has someone elses blood in it or if the ink is shared. This is more likely to happen when the person doing the procedure is unlicensed because of the potential for unsanitary practices such as sharing needles or ink.
- If you get a tattoo or a body piercing, be sure that the person doing the procedure is properly licensed and that they use only new or sterilized needles, ink, and other supplies.
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Honesty Is The Best Policy
The best way to protect yourself or your partner during oral sex is to keep it 100. Be clear about your HIV status, and ask your partner to be clear about theirs.
If youre not sure about your status, get tested. In fact, its best for both you and your partner to get STI tests on the reg.
PSA on dental hygiene: Make it a priority. Taking care of your teeth and gums could prevent bleeding gums, mouth sores, or other issues that increase your risk of getting HIV during oral sex.
What Is Oral Sex
Oral sex involves using your mouth or tongue to stimulate your partners genitals or anus.; ;
Many people enjoy oral sex as part of their sex life but it is a very personal thing and not everybody likes it or chooses to do it. Different people like to give or receive oral sex in different ways. There are a whole variety of ways to lick, suck and stimulate someone. You may decide not to have oral sex at all, or you may enjoy experimenting with your partner to find out what gives you both pleasure.
It is important to talk to your partner so you can understand what you both enjoy and what you would prefer to avoid. ;
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Can I Get Hiv Through Oral Sex
Here’s everything you want to know, and then some.
Back when I used to go to church camp, we school boys believed there were two types of virginities: the mouth and the penis . A good Christian could have as much oral sex as they wanted because they could still say they were a virgin without feeling guilty about it. Nowadays, oral sex is as common as a handshake. How the tides have changed.;
Oral sex is one of the most common of sexual behaviours. Its fast, easy, and way more intimate than anal or vaginal sex ;youre putting your mouth all up in their junk, if thats not intimate I dont know what is. But the more we do it, the more we wonder: can we get HIV through oral sex?
The short answer is that its highly unlikely, but not impossible.
Believe it or not, HIV is not the easiest virus to get. Its passed through blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid , rectal/vaginal fluids, and breast milk. In order for it to transmit to another person it needs to be fed into their bloodstream. The main ways it does that is through mucous membranes, needles, or blood transfusions.
Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, vagina, penis, and mouth, but theyre mostly protected through layers of tissue, that is, unless there are tears youre unaware of, or damaged tissue in plain sight.
In fact, most researchers say that the risk of transmission is near zero.
Nonetheless there are plenty of things you can do to help lower the risk if you’re still nervous. For example:
Can You Get Hiv From Having Sex With Someone Who Has Aids
If you have sex with someone who has AIDS, not HIV, can you still get HIV? Sarah*
Yes. People who have AIDS are infected with the HIV virus. This means they;can pass HIV on to others.
AIDS happens after someone has had HIV for many years. In AIDS, the immune system is severely weakened. When someone gets HIV, that person can spread the infection to other people immediately. And if HIV develops into AIDS, the virus can spread to others.
HIV/AIDS spreads when infected blood or body fluids enter the body. This can happen:
- during sex
- through sharing needles for injecting drugs or tattooing
HIV/AIDS also can pass from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
To reduce your risk of getting HIV/AIDS if you are sexually active:
- Use a condom every time you have sex .
- Get tested for HIV and make sure all partners do too.
- Have fewer sexual partners.
- Get tested and treated for STDs ; having an STD increases the risk of HIV infection.
- Consider taking a medicine every day if you are at very high risk of getting infected .
It’s also important to:
- not inject drugs or share any kind of needle
- not share razors or other personal objects that may touch blood
- not touch anyone else’s blood from a cut or sore
*Names have been changed to protect user privacy.
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How Risky Is Oral Sex For Hiv
Dick-sucking;isn’t what we’d call high risk.;The lining of your mouth is strong, and saliva actually;contains antibodies that neutralise and deactivate;the virus.
So it’s pretty hard to infect the skin inside your mouth – but you should still;check for cuts and ulcers both in the mouth and on the cock, because these can create a path for HIV to get into your bloodstream.
Flossing and vigorous brushing can cause gum bleeding;which puts you at a higher risk of being infected when you’re giving a beej, so that’s something to keep in mind when you’re getting ready to go out on a Friday night !
Tips For Safer Oral Sex
If a partner who is living with HIV has an undetectable viral load, their risk of transmitting HIV during oral sex is zero, whether they use the tips below or they do not.
If a partner living with HIV is not taking HIV drugs and/or has a detectable viral load, the chance of HIV transmission during oral sex is still low. The tips below can lower that chance even further. If you are not sure of your or your partners HIV status, and are not taking PrEP or if the partner living with HIV is not on treatment or is known to have a detectable viral load oral sex can be safer if you and/or your partner:
- get treatment for any other STIs you may have
- do not have gum disease
- wait to have oral sex until any mouth sores or genital cuts, scrapes, or sores have healed
- wait until after having oral sex to floss, brush your teeth, or do anything that could create cuts or cause bleeding in your mouth
- If you want to freshen up before oral sex, consider using a breath mint instead
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Is The Risk Of Hiv Different For Different People
Some groups of people in the United States are more likely to get HIV than others because of many factors, including the status of their sex partners, their risk behaviors, and where they live.
When you live in a community where many people have HIV infection, the chances of having sex or sharing needles or other injection equipment with someone who has HIV are higher. You can use CDCs;HIV, STD, hepatitis, and tuberculosis atlas;to see the percentage of people with HIV in different US communities. Within any community, the prevalence of HIV can vary among different populations.
Gay and bisexual men have the largest number of new diagnoses in the United States. Blacks/African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Also, transgender women who have sex with men are among the groups at highest risk for HIV infection, and injection drug users remain at significant risk for getting HIV.
Risky behaviors, like having anal or vaginal sex without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV, and sharing needles or syringes play a big role in HIV transmission. Anal sex is the highest-risk sexual behavior. If you dont have HIV, being a receptive partner for anal sex is the highest-risk sexual activity for getting HIV. If you do have HIV, being the insertive partner for anal sex is the highest-risk sexual activity for transmitting HIV.
Is It Safe To Get Cum In My Mouth Or To Swallow Cum
If your partner nuts in your mouth it does increase the risk of HIV, because HIV can be;in cum . The risk is still extremely low, but you should;spit or swallow quickly.;Stomach acid and enzymes in the esophagus kill HIV, so its the length of time the cum is in your mouth thats the risky part.
Remember the saying:;Spit or swallow, don’t let it wallow!
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Can I Get Hiv From Injecting Drugs
Yes. Your risk of getting HIV is very high if you use needles or works after someone with HIV has used them.
People who inject drugs, hormones, steroids, or silicone can get HIV by sharing needles or syringes and other injection equipment. The needles and equipment may have someone elses blood in them, and blood can transmit HIV. Likewise, youre at risk for getting hepatitis B and C if you share needles and works because these infections are also transmitted through blood.
Another reason people who inject drugs can get HIV is that when people are high, theyre more likely to have risky sex.
Stopping injection and other drug use can lower your chances of getting HIV a lot. You may need help to stop or cut down using drugs, but many resources are available. To find a substance abuse treatment center near you, check out the locator tools on;SAMHSA.gov;or;AIDS.gov, or call 1-800-662-HELP .
If you keep injecting drugs, you can lower your risk for getting HIV by using only new, sterile needles and works each time you inject. Never share needles or works.
What About Other Stis
So HIV isn’t a high risk when you’re giving/getting head, but that doesn’t mean you’re protected from any other STIs.
You can get;syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia;from blowjobs, as well as other types of inflammation caused by bacteria in the mouth. So while you’re relatively safe from HIV, if you’re having oral sex with multiple partners you should be;getting tested;for STIs;at least once every three months.
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