Unaids Calls For Urgent Global Action As Progress Against Hiv Falters
New UN data released on Wednesday showed that the decline in new HIV infections which can lead to full-blown AIDS has slowed.
Globally, the number of new infections dropped by only 3.6 per cent between 2020 and 2021, the smallest annual decline in new HIV infections since 2016, said UNAIDS.
The agency warned that progress in prevention and treatment has faltered worldwide, putting millions of lives at risk.
In 2021, there were 1.5 million new HIV infections and 650,000 AIDS-related deaths. This translates to 4,000 new HIV infections every day, said Mary Mahy, UNAIDS Director a.i. Data for Impact.
Thats 4,000 people who will need to be tested, started on treatment, avoid infecting their partners, and stay on treatment for the rest of their lives. It also translates to 1,800 deaths every day due to AIDS, or one death every minute.
How Can A Developing Country Improve Its Economy
It is hard to pinpoint just one root cause for poverty. Often, it is a mix of the factors mentioned above and more. Although, one cannot deny that at the hands of good leadership and an uncorrupt government, a country has a good fighting chance of leaving poverty behind. Many nations were once considered as third world but are now prospering above and beyond expectations. All because of good governance and reformed systems.
However, it is important to remember that developing countries have so much potential. They have immense room for economic growth if only wealthier nations will invest in their markets. Investing in people pays off, and with this, education, housing, food, and other basic needs must be met for each citizen. Addressing other pressing issues like colonialism and warfare in these countries would also be a great start. By declaring a country independent and war-free, they are given a chance at prosperity.
Top 10 Third World Countries In 2022
What is a Third country in the World? Recently, the Third World countries have high levels of poverty, economic volatility, and a lack of human resources compared with the rest of the World. The term States of the Third World was first used in the Cold War. This term has been used to describe countries that are not in line with or neutral to the Communist Bloc or NATO. This term was first used to classify countries into three political and economic groups.
The US, Canada, South Korea, Japan, and Western Europe have been classified as First World countries during the Cold War. China, the Soviet Union, Cuba, and their allies were part of the Second World War. Colonial pasts in Asia, Latin America, Africa, and Oceania were typically present in third-world countries. The term three worlds has changed somewhat following the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. Now, a country that isnt as developed as other countries and is confronted by economic, social, political, environmental, and other issues is Third World. This has caused some uncertainty about the use of the term.
Here are the ten countries with the lowest human development indexes, which are considered The Top Ten Third World Countries 2022!
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Invest To End Tb Save Lives
Every Year, the World TB Day is observed on 24 March to commemorate the discovery of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis by Dr. Robert Koch in 1882. This Day provides an opportunity to raise public awareness sensitize communities for broader commitment from all stakeholders and gather support from various collaborating partners for the fight against this menace.
TB is still a leading infectious killer disease despite a substantial investment for its treatment and prevention. The major causes for high cases of TB are rapid urbanization, high-density of population, air pollution and migration with drastically rising incidences of diabetes, escalating drug resistance, and an unregulated private health sector. Similarly, social determinants of health, such as education, employment, social support, family income and nutrition, also augment the TB incidence.
While we are still battling with COVID-19, many parts of the SAARC region are facing severe economic and social situations. This has adversely affected anti-TB activities of the Member States. There are funding gaps for TB activities, which are further exacerbated by economic setbacks triggered by the pandemic, while additional funding is required to build back effectively from its adverse impacts. The theme chosen by the World Health Organization for this years World TB Day, Invest to End TB. SaveLives. is, therefore, very significant.
Kathmandu, 24 March 2022
Countries With The Highest Prevalence Of Hiv In 2000 And 2021
John ElfleinHIV Worldwidethe number of people living with HIV has generally increased over the past two decades.number of HIV-related deaths has decreased significantlyHIV Treatmentaccess to antiretroviral treatment has increasedhighest rates of antiretroviral use leading HIV treatment based on revenue.
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Std Rates By Country 2022
While the severity of symptoms varies from one STD to the next, some infections can serious indeedparticularly for women. The World Health Organization points out that STDs can lead to neurological disease, cardiovascular disease, infertility, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancies, liver cancer, cervical cancer, and AIDS. Factors that contribute to rising STD rates include drug use, poverty, and the public stigma associated with STDs and non-monogamous sexual conduct. Conversely, awareness campaigns, the use of condoms, and access to sexual health education are known to decrease the prevalence of STDs.
Poverty In Nations Worldwide
In a world where money classifies your status and determines the basic needs that can be met, being impoverished boils down to survival, not living. While countries like the United States house some of the wealthiest people on the planet, billions cant afford three meals a day. This is a sad reality for the dozens of countries whose economic development is not only slow but often stagnant due to several reasons.
The economic and wealth disparity is astounding. Especially if you consider that the U.S. per capita GNI is around $55,000, these impoverished countries barely survive at a per capita GNI of $2,000 or less. While services and goods are significantly cheaper in these countries, their quality of living is still very much affected by their lack of a livable income.
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Top 10 Countries With The Best Education System In Africa
- According to Bscholarly.com, the World Education Forum consulted 140 countries, including 38 African countries, in identifying the finest education systems based on skill development.
- The report used the overall level of labour competence as well as the amount and quality of schooling in each nation to determine its criteria.
- The report found that digital literacy, interpersonal skills, and the capacity to think critically and creatively are all factors to consider.
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Educational growth in African countries ensures that better academic requirements can be implemented to grow a literate nation. While many African countries are still developing, some have shown significant educational progress.
Education, as Nelson Mandela said, is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world. So, which African countries have the best education system? According to Bscholarly, here are the top 10 African countries with the best education system so far.
The rank looks at the general level of skills of the workforce and the quantity and quality of education in each country. While the concept of educational quality is constantly evolving, important quality factors today include: developing digital literacy, interpersonal skills, and the ability to think critically and creatively.
Hiv/aids Is One Of The Worlds Most Fatal Infectious Disease
Almost 1 million people die from HIV/AIDS each year in some countries its the leading cause of death
HIV/AIDS is one of the worlds most fatal infectious diseases particularly across Sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease has had a massive impact on health outcomes and life expectancy in recent decades.
The Global Burden of Disease is a major global study on the causes of death and disease published in the medical journal The Lancet.1 These estimates of the annual number of deaths by cause are shown here. This chart is shown for the global total, but can be explored for any country or region using the change country toggle.
In the chart we see that, globally, it is the second most fatal infectious disease.
According to the Global Burden of Disease study, almost one million people died from HIV/AIDS in 2017. To put this into context: this was just over 50% higher than the number of deaths from malaria in 2017.
Its one of the largest killers globally but for some countries particularly across Sub-Saharan Africa, its the leading cause of death. If we look at the breakdown for South Africa, Botswana or Mozambique which you can do on the interactive chart we see that HIV/AIDS tops the list. For countries in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa, deaths from HIV/AIDS are more than 50% higher than deaths from heart disease, and more than twice that of cancer deaths.
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Us Response To The Global Epidemic
The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is the U.S. Governments response to the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and represents the largest commitment by any nation to address a single disease in history. Through PEPFAR, the U.S. has supported a world safer and more secure from infectious disease threats. It has demonstrably strengthened the global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to new and existing riskswhich ultimately enhances global health security and protects Americas borders. Among other global results, PEPFAR provided HIV testing services for more than 50 million people in Fiscal Year 2021 and, as of September 30, 2021, supported lifesaving ART for nearly 18.96 million men, women, and children. PEPFAR also enabled 2.8 million babies to be born HIV-free to parents living with HIV.
In addition, the National Institutes of Health represents the largest public investment in HIV/AIDS research in the world. NIH is engaged in research around the globe to understand, diagnose, treat, and prevent HIV infection and its many associated conditions, and to find a cure.
Un Sustainable Development Goals No: No Poverty
Among the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goals, eradicating poverty is number one. In 2015, the U.N. called for these SDGs to help address global issues by the year 2030.
The call for no poverty is to end poverty in all its forms, everywhere. While this goal is generic at best, there are already thousands of programs worldwide that have been launched in honor of SDG 1, along with other SDGs. Most are from non-profit organizations in partnership with the U.N. and their many umbrella groups.
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Countries With The Highest Rates Of Hiv/aids
Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that weakens the human immune system, sometimes leading to AIDS. If detected early, HIV can be managed to prevent it from progressing to the final stage of AIDS. HIV attacks CD4 cells exposing the infected person to opportunistic infections. Proper diagnosis, treatment, and medical care are essential factors to effective management and control of AIDS which has no permanent cure. While HIV is majorly a sexually transmitted disease, the virus can be transmitted through blood transfusion and during birth or breastfeeding, as well as through a few other means.
The Three Stages Of Hiv:
HIV progresses through three distinct stages, which range in severity from inconvenient but manageable to terminal.
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List Of Countries By Hiv/aids Adult Prevalence Rate
|This article needs to be . Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
The human immunodeficiency virus , which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook.
As of 2018, 38 million people are estimated infected with HIV globally.
The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people infected with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 15% in Eswatini, Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas .
In absolute numbers, South Africa , followed by Mozambique , India and Nigeria had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2022. While South Africa’s large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence , Nigeria’s is lower at 1.3%, with India’s prevalence rate at 0.2%. However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics by UNAIDS, while India’s prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than the US’s and about the same as Spain.
Democratic Republic Of Congo
GNI per capita: $796
The DCR is a country rich in natural resources like copper, diamonds, and other minerals. However, the civil wars raging in the country have caused over 6 million deaths and displacement. Corruption and lack of basic infrastructures also contribute to the countrys declining economic growth.
Top 10 African Countries With The Highest Number Of People Living With Hiv/aids
With an anticipated, 7.2 million individuals living with HIV in 2021, South Africa has the world’s largest and most visible HIV epidemic.
In southern Africa, the country accounts for a third of all new HIV infections.
In 2017, 270,000 new HIV infections occurred in South Africa, with 110,000 people dying from AIDS-related illnesses.
The good news is that, in recent years, South Africa has made significant progress in getting people to test for HIV, and is now close to fulfilling the first of the 90-90-90 targets, with 86 percent of individuals knowing their HIV status.
The country also possesses the world’s largest ART program, which has grown even more in recent years as a result of the implementation of ‘test and treats’ rules.
Nigeria has the world’s second-largest HIV epidemic and Africa’s second-largest HIV epidemic, as well as one of the highest rates of new infection in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Although the prevalence of HIV among adults in Nigeria is far lower than in other Sub-Saharan African nations such as South Africa and Zambia , the country’s population means that 3.1 million people were infected in 2021.
Kenya has a population of 1.6 million infected people.
Kenya has Africa’s third-largest HIV epidemic, with a 5.40 percent adult prevalence rate.
Effects Of Hiv/aids On Society
HIV/AIDS has far-reaching adverse effects on the economic, cultural, and social spheres of society. The epidemic drains the economy of the country as funds need to be diverted to treat the infected patients. It is also a great economic burden on individual families with HIV/AIDS as a significant portion of the income needs to be spent on treatment procedures. High prevalence of HIV/AIDS cripples the entire society and reduced the nation’s productivity.
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The Global Distribution Of Deaths From Hiv/aids
In some countries HIV/AIDS is the cause of more than a quarter of all deaths
Globally, 1.5% of deaths were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019.
This share is high, but masks the wide variations in the toll of HIV/AIDS across the world. In some countries, this share was much higher.In the interactive map we see the share of deaths which resulted from HIV/AIDS across the world. Across most regions the share was low: across Europe, for example, it accounted for less than 0.1% of deaths.
But across some countries focused primarily in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa the share is very high. More than 1-in-4 of deaths in South Africa were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019. The share was also very high across Botswana Mozambique Namibia Zambia Kenya and Congo .
Death rates are high across Sub-Saharan Africa
The large health burden of HIV/AIDS across Sub-Saharan Africa is also reflected in death rates. Death rates measure the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS per 100,000 individuals in a country or region.
In the interactive map we see the distribution of death rates across the world. Most countries have a rate of less than 10 deaths per 100,000 often much lower, below 5 per 100,000. Across Europe the death rate is less than one per 100,000.
Across Sub-Saharan Africa the rates are much higher. Most countries in the South of the region had rates greater than 100 per 100,000. In South Africa and Mozambique, it was over 200 per 100,000.