Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Who Has The Highest Hiv Rate In The Us

The Future Of Hiv In South Africa

Washington D.C. Has Top US HIV/AIDS Infection Rate

South Africa has made great strides in tackling its HIV epidemic in recent years and now has the biggest HIV treatment programme in the world. Moreover, these efforts are now largely funded from South Africas own resources.

HIV prevention initiatives are having a particularly significant impact on mother-to-child transmission rates, which are falling dramatically. New HIV infections overall have fallen by half in the last decade, however there are still too many. For certain population groups, such as transgender women, a lack of data is hampering HIV prevention efforts. In addition, the criminalisation of at-risk groups such as sex workers, and widespread gender inequity particularly gender-based violence continues to fuel transmission.

While the short term financing of South Africas HIV epidemic is secure, in the longer term, the government needs to explore other strategies in order to sustain and expand its progress.

Hiv Rates By Country 2022

HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a disease that weakens a persons immune system by attacking CD4 cells, which help the body fight off infection. If HIV advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, a terminal condition. HIV spreads through certain body fluids, most often during unprotected sex, pregnancy and childbirth, transfusion of contaminated blood, or shared use of hypodermic needles. The human body cannot completely eliminate HIV. Therefore, once the virus is contracted, the individual will remain HIV-positive for life. However, HIV can be controlled and its progression slowed significantly by treatment with antiretroviral therapy medicines. HIV rates vary drastically between countries, particularly in Africa, the continent from which the virus is believed to have originated.

Impact Across The Country

  • Although HIV has been reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. dependencies, the impact of the epidemic is not uniformly distributed.
  • Ten states accounted for about two-thirds of HIV diagnoses among adults and adolescents in 2019 .31 Regionally, the South accounted for more than half of HIV diagnoses in 2019.32
  • Rates of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 provide a different measure of the epidemicâs impact, since they reflect the concentration of diagnoses after accounting for differences in population size across states. The District of Columbia has the highest rate in the nation, compared to states, nearly 3 times the national rate and Georgia was the state with highest rate , twice that of the national rate.33,34 Nine of the top 10 states by rate are in the South.35
  • New HIV diagnoses are concentrated primarily in large U.S. metropolitan areas , with Miami, Orlando, and Atlanta topping the list of the areas most heavily burdened.36
Table 1: Top Ten States/Areas by Number and Rate of New HIV Diagnoses , 2019
State
U.S. Rate13.2
CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 vol. 32. May 2021.

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New Hiv Diagnoses In The Us And Dependent Areas By Race/ethnicity 2019

* Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.

HIV diagnoses are not evenly distributed regionally in the US and dependent areas.

Hiv/aids In The United States

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The AIDS epidemic, caused by HIV , found its way to the United States between the 1970s and 1980s, but was first noticed after doctors discovered clusters of Kaposi’s sarcoma and pneumocystis pneumonia in homosexual men in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco in 1981.Treatment of HIV/AIDS is primarily via the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs, and education programs to help people avoid infection.

Initially, infected foreign nationals were turned back at the United States border to help prevent additional infections. The number of United States deaths from AIDS has declined sharply since the early years of the disease’s presentation domestically. In the United States in 2016, 1.1 million people aged over 13 lived with an HIV infection, of whom 14% were unaware of their infection.Gay and bisexual men, African Americans, and Latino Americans remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States.

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Hiv In The United States

Based on the most recent information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , about 1.14 million Americans had HIV at the end of 2016. About 1 in 7 of those with the virus are unaware that they have it.

In 2018, 37,832 people received an HIV diagnosis, according to the CDC. Among those, 42% were black or African American, 27% were Hispanic or Latino, and 25% were white. Also among the new diagnoses, 69% were among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men 24% were among heterosexuals, and 7% were among people who inject drugs.

In the United States, there are five categories of laws pertaining to HIV and other STDs. As of 2018, 26 states have HIV-specific laws that criminalize behaviors that can potentially expose another person to HIV.

What County Has The Highest Std Rate

countiesCountyhad the highest ratewithwithThe most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States are HPV, chlamydia and gonorrhea.

  • What is the most common STD in the US? Human Papillomavirus
  • Chlamydia is the most reported STI in America.
  • Gonorrhea: The Second Most commonly reported sti.

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Impact On Communities Of Color

  • Racial and ethnic minorities have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic, and represent the majority of new HIV diagnoses, people living with HIV disease, and deaths among people with HIV.37,38
  • Black and Latino people account for a disproportionate share of new HIV diagnoses, relative to their size in the U.S. population .39,40 Black people also account for more people living with HIV than any other racial group â an estimated 479,300 of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the U.S. are black.41
  • Black people also have the highest rate of new HIV diagnoses, followed by Latino people â in 2019, the rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 for Black people was about 8 times that of white people Latino people had a rate 4 times that of white people.42
  • Black people accounted for close to half of deaths among people with an HIV diagnosis in 2019.43,44
  • Survival after an AIDS diagnosis is lower for Black people than for most other racial/ethnic groups, and Black people have had the highest age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease throughout most of the epidemic.45 HIV ranks higher as a cause of death for Black and Latino people, compared with White people.46 Further, HIV was the 6th leading cause of death for Black people ages 25-34 in 2019.47

Do Some Parts Of The Country Have More Hiv Than Other Parts

HIV/AIDS 40 years on: How far has Africa come? | DW News

Yes. HIV is largely an urban disease, with most cases occurring in metropolitan areas with 500,000 or more people. The South has the highest number of people living with HIV, but if population size is taken into account, the Northeast has the highest rate of people living with HIV.

HIV in the United States by Geographic Distribution is a fact sheet that explains the geography of HIV in the United States.

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Efforts Towards Reducing Hiv/aids Prevalence

Countries with the highest rates of HIV infection have taken several measures towards reducing the rate of infection among the population. Awareness programs are conducted to educate the public about HIV/AIDS. Antiretroviral therapies have been provided at low costs to treat HIV positive patients. Pregnant women who test positive for HIV are monitored strictly to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the infection. Other remedial measures have also been implemented to curb HIV/AIDS in these countries.

Effects Of Hiv/aids On Society

HIV/AIDS has far-reaching adverse effects on the economic, cultural, and social spheres of society. The epidemic drains the economy of the country as funds need to be diverted to treat the infected patients. It is also a great economic burden on individual families with HIV/AIDS as a significant portion of the income needs to be spent on treatment procedures. High prevalence of HIV/AIDS cripples the entire society and reduced the nation’s productivity.

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Hiv And Tuberculosis In South Africa

South Africa has the worlds sixth largest tuberculosis epidemic, and the disease is the leading cause of death in the country.120 South Africas HIV epidemic fuels the TB epidemic because people living with HIV are at a far higher risk of developing TB due to weakened immune systems. It is estimated that 60% of people living with HIV in South Africa are also co-infected with TB. In 2017 there were 193,000 new cases of TB among people living with HIV and 56,000 people living with HIV died due to a TB-related illness.121

In light of this, the South African National AIDS council combined the HIV and STI strategy with the national TB strategy to improve the integration of these two services. One of the aims of this strategy is to get more people living with HIV on isoniazid preventative therapy , a preventative medicine for TB.122 But as of 2017, only around half of people living with HIV in the country had access to IPT.123

The TB treatment success rate has improved in recent years, and stood at 83% in 2016.124

We cannot fight AIDS unless we do much more to fight TB.

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Hiv Rates By Country 2021

Geographic Distribution

HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that is spread through certain body fluids, such as blood, and weakens a persons immune system by attacking cells that help fight off infection, specifically the CD4 cells. If HIV advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, if not treated.

Unlike most other viruses, the human body cannot fight off HIV completely therefore, once it is contracted, the individual has it for life. Luckily, it can be controlled and its progression can be slowed significantly. There are three stages of HIV:

  • Acute HIV infection
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    Public Health Officials Launch Programs To Address Racial Disparity Infant Hiv And Late Diagnosis In Wake Of Grim Report On Hiv

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    Washington, D.C. has the highest HIV/AIDS rate in the nation at 128.4 cases per 100,000 people. The average rate for the rest of the United States is about 14 cases per 100,000 people.

    The rates for newly-reported AIDS cases in Washington, D.C. are higher than Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, New York and Philadelphia.

    Statistical data compiled by the Washington, D.C.s Department of Healths HIV/AIDS Administration were released in a report on Nov. 26 concurrent with the launch of several new city initiatives aimed at decreasing HIV/AIDS prevalence.

    Findings included trends of racial disparity in HIV/AIDS, a growing trend in women affected by HIV/AIDS and a greater population of infants born with HIV than in most U.S. regions.

    At the end of 2006, the number of people with HIV/AIDS in Washington, D.C. increased 43% since 2001. The report is the first to include statistical HIV/AIDS data for Washington, D.C. and provides updates to statistics that were last reported five years ago.

    The report gives us critical statistics on HIV and AIDS in our city and we must take advantage of this information with a sense of urgency that the epidemic deserves, Adrian M. Fenty, mayor of Washington, D.C., said in a press release.

    CDC officials applauded the report as an important tool to enhance targeted programs to fight the citys epidemic.

    Blacks, women most affected

    Key Points: Hiv Diagnoses

    Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men b are the population most affected by HIV in the U.S.:

    • In 2019, MSM accounted for 69% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States.c
    • From 2015 through 2019 in the United States and 6 dependent areas, Black/African American MSM accounted for more than 36% and White MSM accounted for more than 30% of HIV diagnoses among MSM annually.
    • In 2019, Black/African American MSM accounted for 26% of new HIV diagnoses and 37.9% of diagnoses among all MSM.
    • In 2019, Hispanic/Latinod MSM made up 22% of new HIV diagnoses and 32.5% of diagnosis among all MSM.

    The number of HIV diagnoses decreased among MSM overall, but trends varied by race/ethnicity. From 2015 through 2019:

    • Among MSM aged 1324 years, HIV diagnoses decreased or were stable among all racial/ethnic groups.
    • HIV diagnoses increased among American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander MSM, ages 24 and older.

    Transgender people accounted for approximately 2% of new HIV diagnoses in 2019.

    • From 2015 through 2019 in the United States and 6 dependent areas, the number of diagnoses of HIV infection for transgender adults and adolescents increased.
    • In 2019, among transgender adults and adolescents, the largest percentage of diagnoses of HIV infections was for transgender male-to-female people.

    Blacks/African Americans and Hispanics/Latinx continue to be severely and disproportionately affected by HIV:

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    States Ranked By Hiv Death Rates

    The mortality rate for HIV-positive individuals in Washington, D.C., is three times higher than in Maryland, which has the highest rate of any U.S. state, according to a ranking from the Kaiser Family Foundation.

    The ranking is based on 2017 data from the CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention. The data includes the death of any HIV-positive individual, regardless of the cause of death.

    In 2017, the national HIV death rate was 5.9 deaths per 100,000 population.

    Here’s how each state and Washington stack up:

    Note: The list includes ties and results in a numerical listing of 43.

    1. District of Columbia 38.5 deaths per 100,000 population2. Maryland 11.8

    New Hiv Diagnoses And People With Diagnosed Hiv In The Us And Dependent Areas By Area Of Residence 2020*

    Looking into the case behind Masaka high HIV prevalence

    Data for 2020 should be interpreted with caution due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV testing, care-related services, and case surveillance activities in state and local jurisdictions.* Among people aged 13 and older.Source: CDC.Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2020. HIV Surveillance Report2022 33

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    New Hiv Diagnoses Among Gay And Bisexual Men In The Us And Dependent Areas By Race/ethnicity 2019

    * Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America. Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.

    From 2015 to 2019, HIV diagnoses decreased 9% among gay and bisexual men overall. But trends varied for different groups of gay and bisexual men.

    Which Country Has The Highest Hiv/aids Rate In The World

    Swaziland has the highest rate of HIV/AIDS infection worldwide, with a total of 27.20% of the population living with HIV/AIDS.

    What is the highest HIV rate in the US?

    We are seeing improvements in screening and early detection, but there is still much work to be done to educate our people about prevention and to encourage them to get help once they receive a diagnosis. According to the governors office, the Bluegrass State has the highest lung cancer rate in the nation.

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    Total Infections By State

    In terms of total STD cases, as one might expect, the largest states have the highest number of reported STD cases.

    State rankings by total number of STDs reported:

  • California

  • Texas

  • New York

  • Florida

  • Georgia

  • Similar to our previous findings, California remains in the #1 spot for the total number of STD infections reported. This isnt surprising, as California also has the largest state population with over 39.5 million residents. Texas, New York, and Florida have all stayed in their respective rankings, but theres a new member in the Top 5: Georgia, which now surpasses Illinois by just over 8,000 cases.

    According to the CDC, over 2.4 million combined STD cases are reported across the U.S. each year. These statistics do not even include those who have STDs but may not know it, dont get tested, etc.

    As an aside, the CDC stresses: If you are sexually active, getting tested for STDs is one of the most important things you can do to protect your health. Make sure to speak with your doctor about your sexual history If you are uncomfortable talking with your doctor, or just cant find the time to go get tested, an increasingly popular option is to take an at-home STD test.

    Below are our rankings of each U.S. state based on STD cases :

    People With Diagnosed Hiv In 44 States And The District Of Columbia 2019*

    Geographic Distribution

    * The 44 states are AL, AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IL, IN, IA, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT,NE, NV, NH, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WV, WI, and WY. Had 2 viral load or CD4 tests at least 3 months apart in a year. Based on most recent viral load test.

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