Is There A Link Between Rheumatoid Arthritis And Hiv
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition, in which the bodys immune system attacks the persons own joint tissues. Research has found a link between HIV and rheumatoid arthritis as well as other similar conditions, such as psoriatic arthritis and polymyositis. In fact, its estimated that up to 70% of HIV-positive people will also be diagnosed with a rheumatic condition.
Some experts recommend HIV testing for all people diagnosed with a rheumatic condition. A simple blood test is used to test for the virus, and the sample can even be collected at home. For people with HIV and joint pain, a rheumatic condition should be considered as a possible diagnosis. Medications can be used to help manage these diseases.
What Does Gastritis Feel Like
Usually, individuals with gastritis complain of episodes of gnawing, piercing pain in the stomach. This pain may either worsen or get better when eating or vomiting. People with gastritis may have uncomfortable feelings in their upper stomach just below the breastbone and above the belly button. Apart from pain and discomfort, patients also complain of the symptoms below
- Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material
- Black, tarry poop
In severe cases of gastritis, patients may also complain of chest pains, shortness of breath, weakness, or inability to tolerate any foods or liquids by the mouth along with high grade fever. Severe gastritis requires immediate medical attention.
What Does Anxiety Look Like
Anxiety is one of the most common mental health concerns for children and adults one in four Canadians will have at least one anxiety disorder in their lifetime. In some children, it may be more obvious, but in others, it may take a bit longer to determine that they are dealing with anxiety. In my situation, I knew that something was different with my daughter when she was a toddler, but didnt recognize that it was in fact anxiety and kept hoping that she would grow out of it. As her symptoms persisted and became worse, eventually it became clear that she was struggling with anxiety.
Recommended Reading: How Much Is Anxiety Medication
Don’t Miss: How Do Antiviral Drugs Treat Hiv
Hiv: A Brief Overview
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a sexually transmitted virus that spreads through exposure to certain body fluidsâlike genital secretions or blood. HIV transmission can also occur from a mother to a child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
HIV attacks and impairs the bodyâs immune cells, which weakens the immune system and can eventually progress to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome if it isnât treated. AIDS can be a life-threatening condition, particularly if HIV treatment is not initiated promptly, which is why HIV testing is crucial for protecting your health. HIV infection passes through an earlier stage before the development of AIDS: acute HIV, the period right after the infection began. If untreated, the infection progresses to chronic HIV and ultimately AIDS.
Learn more: What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?
What Are The Symptoms Of Anxiety
Anxiety can have an impact in several different ways it can affect your child emotionally and cause the child to worry about things, and it can also impact them physically, causing your son or daughter to complain of stomach aches. It can impact your childs behavior, and cause him/her to avoid situations, constantly seek reassurance, and become overly dependent on you the parent. Anxiety is a problem when it becomes excessive and extreme, relative to the situation. In fact, anxiety can impact us in six ways:
- Affect: Emotionally and physically
- Excess and Extreme: Excessive and extreme in relation to the situation
- Functioning: Impacting how your child manages each day
With my daughter, it started when she was very young. Lights, dogs, bees, clothing, and large family gatherings set her off, even before she couldnt communicate with us, and then in kindergarten, the separation anxiety kicked in, which later led to stomach aches and school refusal. Sometimes its not as obvious to spot. Anxious youth are often quiet and well behaved, and thus frequently go unnoticed by their parents, teachers, and coaches.
In some instances, a child may complain of stomach issues, and after seeing a doctor, the family will find out that it is in fact, anxiety. When my daughters anxiety was at its worse, she would complain of stomach issues each night before bed. Some examples of physical symptoms that a child with anxiety may exhibit include:
You May Like: I Was Just Diagnosed With Hiv
How To Get Rid Of Anxiety In Stomach
You can improve anxiety-related stomach pain in two ways: Focus on reducing anxiety Regulating your nervous system reduces inflammation and keeps your digestive system in check. Concentrate on improving gut health Anxiety can cause stomach problems, and digestive distress can cause anxiety. Improve your gut health with wellness practices to reduce your risk of developing anxiety.
Dont Miss: What Is A Natural Supplement For Anxiety
What Causes Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human immunodeficiency virus infection is caused by exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus. The virus is transmitted via blood or through sexual intercourse and exposure to other bodily fluids from a person with HIV. HIV infection is NOT spread by casual contact.
HIV infection can occur if a person:
- Has unprotected sex with someone who has HIV
People who may have an increased risk of HIV infection include:
- Men who have sex with other men
- Drug users who share needles or works
- Sexual partners of people who are infected with HIV
- People who have unprotected sex with multiple partners
- People who exchange sex for money or drugs or have sex partners who do
- Anyone accidentally stuck with a needle or sharp in a health care facility
- People who received a blood transfusion or other blood products before 1984
- Blood products were not routinely screened for HIV prior to 1984
Recommended Reading: When Was Hiv First Identified
Hiv And Mental Health
Receiving a diagnosis of HIV and living with the condition can have significant effects on a persons mental health.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, people living with HIV are twice as likely to have depression than those without HIV. They are also at a higher risk for mood, anxiety, and cognitive disorders.
There are specific sources of stress relating to the condition, such as having to find and manage medical support, managing the lifelong use of medications, and dealing with the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV.
Some antiretroviral drugs may also cause mental health side effects, such as anxiety.
Many mental health problems are treatable. Talking therapies, medications, and social support can all help.
The CDC provide a list of services that can help people manage the stigma and discrimination linked with HIV and receive additional support.
For more information about where to find support when living with HIV, people can visit the HIV.gov website.
Youre Always Waking Up With Night Sweats
Getting damp on a muggy night without air conditioning is definitely not the same as night sweats, which result in puddles of sweat thatll make you want to change your sheets. The body is trying to release off toxins, says Horberg.
Although HIV can cause night sweats, plenty of other potential culprits do as well, including menopause, mononucleosis, and cancers like lymphoma and leukemia, says Horberg. So if youre soaking your sheets over the course of a few nights, definitely check in with your doctor.
Recommended Reading: How To Take Prep Hiv
Listening To The Gi Tract: Clues To Three Dangerous Toxicities Of Hiv Medications
The medication side effects described above can get in the way of good adherence and may disrupt your daily life. But there are some toxicities associated with HIV medications that can be life-threatening. Your first clue to these serious problems may be GI symptoms, so your best bet is to report any and all GI side effects to your provider.
Lactic acidosis is a condition associated with NRTIs, especially Videx and Zerit , but Retrovir as well. NRTIs damage mitochondria, which are inside all human cells and use oxygen, fat, and sugar to produce energy for the cells. Mitochondrial damage leads to excess lactate production, which drives up the level of lactic acid in the blood. Lactic acidosis is more common in women, and it may be accompanied by liver abnormalities, including fatty liver. Symptoms of lactic acidosis may include decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain, although many people who experience the condition may not experience or notice the symptoms right away. Your provider can run tests to check the level of lactate in your blood if he or she suspects lactic acidosis.
Some HIV medications can cause pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas that is life-threatening. This condition most frequently occurs with Videx , Bactrim, and pentamidine . Pancreatitis can cause abdominal pain which radiates to the back and is worst after eating, sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Symptoms Of Swollen Lymph Nodes
The most common signs are:
Tenderness or pain in your lymph nodes
Swelling that makes your lymph nodes the size of a kidney bean or possibly larger
Because swollen lymph nodes are usually linked to some type of illness, you might also have other symptoms, depending on what that illness is:
Runny nose, sore throat, or fever
Swelling of clusters of lymph nodes in different places in your body
Hard lymph nodes that wonÃ¢t move or get bigger quickly
You May Like: How Can Someone Contract Hiv
Does Hiv Cause Back Pain
Back pain is actually very common in people with HIV. In fact, some studies have found that back pain is the most common reason for an HIV-positive person to visit a pain clinic. There are a number of different potential causes of back pain in this setting, including damage to nerves, damage to the discs of the spine, or even cancer that is growing in the bones of the spine. A doctor can perform a physical exam and some tests in order to find the cause of the back pain, so that it can be treated appropriately.
What Is Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, which is responsible for fighting infections. People with untreated HIV infection dont fight off infections or cancer as well as healthy people and they can become sick easily.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome describes the late stage of HIV infection. In the U.S., most people infected with HIV do not go on to develop AIDS because HIV medicines are available that can stop the progression of the disease.
Don’t Miss: What Are The First Symptoms Of Hiv Infection
Stage : Clinical Latency
In this stage, the virus still multiplies, but at very low levels. People in this stage may not feel sick or have any symptoms. This stage is also called chronic HIV infection.
Without HIV treatment, people can stay in this stage for 10 or 15 years, but some move through this stage faster.
If you take HIV medicine every day, exactly as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load, you can protect your health and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to your sexual partner.
But if your viral load is detectable, you can transmit HIV during this stage, even when you have no symptoms. Its important to see your health care provider regularly to get your viral load checked.
Also Check: How Long Can Hiv Lay Dormant
Symptom : Nausea Vomiting And Diarrhoea
Many people experience digestive system problems as a symptom of the early stages of HIV. However, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea can also appear in later stages of infection, usually as the result of an opportunistic infection.
It is important to stay hydrated. Diarrhoea that is unremitting and not responding to usual therapy might be an indication of HIV, and it would be best to seek the advice of a doctor to help determine its cause.
Read Also: Bee Hive In Wall Removal
What Does Dying Feel Like
Does dying hurt? Interestingly, James Hallenbeck of Stanford University describes the first feelings of death as the loss of sensation. First hunger and then thirst are lost. Speech is lost next, followed by vision. The last senses to go are usually hearing and touch. You feel like youre in a dream
Read Also: Is Undetectable Hiv Contagious
New Onset Crohn’s Disease
Crohn’s disease is an inflammation of the bowel. It is caused by a faulty immune system response which makes the body attack the lining of the intestines.
The disease usually appears before age thirty and can affect anyone. Those with a family history may be most susceptible. Smoking is a known risk factor.
Aggravating factors include stress, poor diet, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin.
Early symptoms usually develop gradually, but can appear suddenly. These include fatigue, loss of appetite, fever, mouth sores, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood in stool.
Untreated Crohn’s disease can cause ulcers throughout the digestive tract as well as bowel obstruction, malnutrition, and deteriorating general health.
Diagnosis is made through blood test and stool sample test. Colonoscopy, CT scan, MRI, endoscopy, and/or enteroscopy may also be used.
Crohn’s disease cannot be cured, but can be managed through reducing the inflammation. Antibiotics, corticosteroids, and immune system suppressors may be tried. Excellent nutrition, vitamin supplements, smoking cessation, and reduction in stress can be helpful.
Top Symptoms: fatigue, stomach bloating, loss of appetite, constipation, abdominal cramps
Urgency: Primary care doctor
You May Like: Can You Get Rid Of Hiv
When Should I See The Doctor
If gastrointestinal symptoms and pain persist for more than a few days, you should consult a doctor. You may be instructed to undertake certain tests or see a specialist if there are signs of a more life threatening medical condition. If you experience abdominal pain and the following symptoms, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible:
- The abdomen is larger than usual and hard
- Rectal bleeding
- You stop having bowel movements
These symptoms may suggest the pain is linked with a biological disease and is not a symptom of IBS or another functional gastrointestinal disorder.
What Does An Ovarian Cyst Feel Like
Pain from ovarian cysts varies from person to person.
You may feel no pain at all if you have one. You may have a handful of uncomfortable symptoms or a sudden onset of severe symptoms if an underlying condition causes a cyst to rupture or your ovary to twist.
Ovarian cysts are common during menstruation because they can form with the release of an egg during your monthly cycle. These cysts often have few symptoms and disappear in a matter of weeks or months.
Your ovaries are part of your reproductive system. Pain and discomfort you experience from ovarian cysts will typically occur near your pelvis and lower abdomen.
Many conditions have similar symptoms. Your doctor can review your symptoms and perform necessary testing to diagnose the condition and create a treatment plan.
Theres a wide range of symptoms for ovarian cysts. Here are some tips for when you should make an appointment to have a cyst examined and when you should seek immediate medical attention.
Also Check: Risk Of Contracting Hiv From Needle Stick
Why Do Some People With Hiv Infection Develop Aids
Over time, untreated HIV infection damages the immune system and makes it more difficult to fight infections and cancers.
Before there were effective treatments for HIV infection, all infected people went on to develop AIDS within about 10 years. Today, people with HIV who take effective treatment are unlikely to develop AIDS and will have a near-normal life expectancy. This is because these medicines keep the amount of virus in their blood under control and protect the immune system.
Symptom : Night Sweats
Night sweats are repeated episodes of extreme sweating, causing bedding and any nightclothes to become soaked. Many people will get night sweats during the early stages of HIV. These can be even more common later in infection and arent related to exercise or the temperature of the room.Get tested if symptoms of HIV appear
With such a vast array of symptoms, HIV testing is vital to ensure a proper diagnosis. If you think youve been exposed to HIV, or have an active sex life with casual sex partners, regardless of whether you are showing symptoms of HIV or not, its important to get tested as soon as possible.
If youre in Sydney, you can get a rapid HIV test and STI check-up at a. If youre not in Sydney, you can still get a rapid HIV test and STI check-up using our where to get tested tool here.
Also Check: How Soon After Sex Can Hiv Be Detected
Does Pep Weaken The Immune System
Does Pep lower your immune system? 32Theoretically, it is possible that these medications can weaken the immune system when utilized this manner and may actually increase that the threat of HIV disease if an exposure occurs. If danger of esophageal exposure is deemed high, research PEP for hepatitis.
Recommended Reading: Does Cookie Johnson Have Aids
Days To 20 Years After Exposure
The chronic stage of infection occurs once the immune system brings the virus under control. During this phase, HIV will go into hiding, where it resides in various cells and tissues throughout the body in a dormant state known as latency. HIV latency can persist without symptoms for 10 years or more, although some people may experience signs within a year or two.
During the early chronic phase, lymphadenopathy may be the only notable sign of an HIV infection. In some cases, the glands may be visibly enlarged and reach up to an inch or more in size. If the condition persists for more than three months, its referred to as persistent generalized lymphadenopathy .
Even during latency, the virus will multiple imperceptibly and gradually deplete immune cells known as CD4 T-cells. As immune deficiency develops, a number of nonspecific symptoms are likely to appear, including:
- Oral candidiasis , a fungal infection that causes the formation of creamy, white lesions on the sides of the tongue and lining of the mouth
- Unexplained fevers and drenching night sweats that soak through bedsheets and nightclothes
- Severe, uncontrolled diarrhea that lasts for more than three days
Each of these symptoms is commonly seen in persons with immune deficiency. They may, in some cases, be caused by HIV itself or by an infection that has yet to be diagnosed.
Read Also: Does Nba Youngboy Have Hiv
Don’t Miss: What Std Turns Into Hiv